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Symbol opinion vote Comment: I also still think the article needs to be wikified.Chevymontecarlo 06:30, 16 November 2010 (UTC)

Helen E. Haines

Helen Elizabeth Haines (1872-1961) was instrumental in the development of the library science profession, though she herself never worked as a librarian or earned a professional degree. Born in the late Victorian period and educated privately, she worked in publishing after being turned down for a library job.[1] As a protégée of Charles Cutter, she became the managing editor of Library Journal in 1896. She also served as an officer of the American Library Association.[2] In 1906, however, her health broke down, and she eventually had to leave both positions and relocate to southern California.[3] For her service to librarianship, Andrew Carnegie awarded her an annual pension.[4]

Haines recovered her health and established herself as a library educator, writer, and activist in two key areas: support for popular fiction and for intellectual freedom. In 1935, she published Living with Books: The Art of Book Selection, which became a definitive library school text [5]. One contemporary review, while praising Haines' "shrewd and discriminating observation, … acute and illuminating criticism," nevertheless complained that "there is a fearful lot of junk in some of her suggested lists of books" [6]. Perhaps the review was objecting to Haines' eclectic tastes; in a 1924 article, for instance, she advocated for "a rounded and representative collection, for readers of varied tastes, sophisticated as well as simple" [7]. In her annotated bibliography of Haines' work, Mary Robinson Sive notes that likewise, Haines' 1942 work What's in a Novel "did not receive unqualified critical acclaim because of its disregard of purely literary criteria".[8]

Haines continued to write widely and to advocate for libraries to feature modern fiction and a broad collection. Her career, however, become mired in controversy when she published a second edition of Living with Books in 1950. Initial reviewers were positive about this edition, which was explicit in its opposition to censorship[9]. In the popular press, however, Haines was denounced as pro-Soviet; largely undefended by others in the profession, she withdrew into retirement [10]. She received the Joseph W. Lippincott Award in 1951, but ceased publishing. She died in 1961.[11]

Sources

  1. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  2. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  3. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  4. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  5. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  6. http://web.ebscohost.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/ehost/detail?vid=4&hid=11&sid=57d5f292-1cc4-4d9b-ac73-826d06e61ed4%40sessionmgr15&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=13528140
  7. http://web.ebscohost.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/ehost/detail?vid=7&hid=105&sid=57d5f292-1cc4-4d9b-ac73-826d06e61ed4%40sessionmgr15&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=9205042421
  8. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25540227
  9. http://www.sptimes.com/News/72599/Floridian/Queen_of_bookworms.shtml
  10. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0
  11. http://find.galegroup.com.libdata.lib.ua.edu/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=EAIM&docId=A238423518&source=gale&srcprod=EAIM&userGroupName=tusc49521&version=1.0



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