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This article presents a timeline of important events surrounding the Salvadoran Civil War
1) Civilians resign from the national government.
2) US President Carter sends 19 advisers and $5.7 million to the Salvadoran military (replacing Israel as its main supplier).
3) Military and Christian Democratic Party form junta.
4) March 24, Archbishop Oscar Romero assassinated.
5) FMLN formed.
6) Death threats and 2 bombs received at the University of Central America.
7) Ronald Reagan elected US president.
8) 6 FMLN leaders kidnapped and killed.
9) 4 US church workers abducted, raped, and killed.
10) 11,895 civilians murdered by government forces.
1) FMLN began military attacks.
2) Salvadoran military took over the University of Central America.
3) US government provided a total of $48.92 million in military aid, military equipment sales and military credits to the Salvadoran military.
4) Repression by government forces further intensified, with an estimated 16,276 civilians murdered.
5) Government military massacre at El Mozote left more than 733 civilians dead.
1) President Reagan approved human rights’ standards in El Salvador.
2) May 2, military candidate Alvaro Magana was elected president by Legislative Assembly.
3) Overt US military aid increased to approximately $82 million.
4) Government forces murdered 8,000 people.
1) President Reagan asked Congress to send more aid to El Salvador.
2) US Congress passed a resolution that reduced military aid by 30% until a verdict was reached for the murders of American church workers.
3) Government killings continued at high levels, with an additional 8,000 civilians murdered.
1) Napoleon Duarte (Christian Democrat) became Salvadoran president.
2) 5 National Guard members convicted in the murders of the church women.
3) Peace talks began.
4) US Kissinger Commission called for more aid and examination of human rights issues.
5) Repression by government forces declines dramatically, but continues.
1) FMLN kidnapped Duarte’s daughter and her friend.
2) Father Ellacuria and Monsignor Riveras y Damas negotiated the girls’ release.
1) Peace talks fell apart.
2) ARENA party increased power.
1) Peace talks began again.
2) US increased aid to El Salvador.
1) Father Ellacuria met with FMLN leaders in Nicaragua.
2) Father Ellacuria and Father Montes (Catholic Leaders in El Salvador) met with future Salvadoran president, Alfredo Cristiani.
3) George H. W. Bush elected US president.
1) February, US Vice President Dan Quayle visited El Salvador and warned against further human rights violations.
2) Alfredo Cristiani became Salvadoran president.
3) April, the Salvadoran Attorney General Roberto Garcia Alvarado is murdered.
4) June, the Minister of Presidency, Jose Antonio Rodriguez Porth is murdered.
5) October, the daughter of Colonel Eduardo Casanova Vejar of the Salvadoran military, is assassinated.
6) November, the US Assistant Secretary of State, Bernard Aronson, called for peace.
7) National Trade Union Federation is bombed.
8) President Cristiani asked Father Ellacuria (Catholic Leader of El Salvador) to help investigate the bombing.
9) FMLN attacked military centers in major cities.
10) Military bombed residential neighborhoods believed to support the FMLN.
11) US pulled out non-essential military personnel.
12) November 15, secret military meeting held to plan assassination of Father Ellacuria.
13) November 16, 6 priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter murdered at UCA.
14) December, Congressman Joe Moakley led the Speaker’s Salvadoran investigation.
1) Colonel Benavidas of the Salvadoran military is arrested for the November 16th murders.
2) February, Congressman Moakley visited El Salvador.
3) April, Congressman Moakley filed his official report.
4) UN became involved, and serious peace talks finally began.
5) US House of Representatives voted for a 50% decrease in aid to El Salvador.
1) FMLN killed 2 U.S. military advisers.
2) Congressman Moakley reported that the El Salvadoran military was controlling investigations.
3) Congress increased aid to El Salvador by 50%.
4) Colonel Benavides and Lieutenant Mendoza were convicted in November of the murders at UCA.
5) Moakley reported that high military officials planned the murders.
6) Military and FMLN signed a peace agreement in New York.
1) Peace Accords of El Salvador signed in Mexico.
2) Cease-fire began under UN supervision.
3) UN Truth Commission began investigation of human rights violations.
4) UN Secretary General found the El Salvadoran military not in compliance with the peace accords.
5) UN released findings from investigations.
6) Top military officials resigned in El Salvador.
7) US ended military aid to El Salvador.
1) Elections held in El Salvador: ARENA party won; FMLN came in second
1) 2nd elections, FMLN won 45% of National Assembly and mayor of San Salvador.
2) US began to send reconstruction aid.
1) Law suit against Generals Garcia and Casanova of the Salvadoran military for the 1980 church-workers’ murders began.
1) US constructed a military base at the Salvadoran national airport.
2) Court found Generals Garcia and Casanova not totally responsible for murders.
3) Salvadoran Attorney General began an investigation against former president Cristiani and other top officials.
1) Generals Garcia and Casanova were found guilty of allowing their men to kidnap, torture, rape, and murder thousands of unarmed civilians.
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