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This is a list of some of the styles of silat. They can be divided into pencak silat from Indonesia, silat Melayu from the Malay Peninsula, styles from the Philippines and other styles. Because Indonesia was historically made up of separate kingdoms, pencak silat can be further divided into regional categories, notably silek tuo created by the Minangkabau of West Sumatra.
One of the most prominent schools in Bali, it emphasises functionality and self-defense over competitive sparring.Bakti Negara was officially created on 31 January 1955 in Banjar Kaliungu Kaja of Denpasar, Bali by four freedom-fighters who were veterans in Indonesia's struggle for independence from the Dutch. They were Anak Agung Rai Tokir, I Bagus Made Rai Keplag, Anak Agung Meranggi and Sri Empu Dwi Tantra. The task of leading and managing Bakti Negara was given to Ida Bagus Oka Dewangkara. After 1968 Bakti Negara underwent a period of further development during the transition from the older to the new generation. The Lembaga Dewan Pendekar Bakti Negara gave I Bagus Alit Dira the mandate to systemise the teaching structure of Bakti Negara with the help of other instructors. Through a process of standardization and acculturation, Bakti Negara became an integral part of Banjar or village social organisation (seka), and entered the Balinese school system. Today it is practiced in almost every town and village in Bali.
White Crane style founded in Bogor in 1952. It is a combination of pencak silat and kuntao. The head organisation, Persatuan Gerak Badan (PGB), has branches in Indonesia, North America, the Middle East and Europe. Subur Rahardja was born on 4 April 1925 under the name Lim Sin Tjoei of a father named Lim Kim hauw. Subur Rahardja since little has been educated the hard discipline. Fighters came from, since the age of 6 years of studying martial arts directly from his father and from father Gusti Agung Gede Agung Djelantik Balewangse (his teacher nobleman from Lombok) as well as from some famous martial arts teachers, as Sutur, Mada( Mbah Sakir protege of Cimande lineage),Style Kampung Baru Kalibata-Batavia (was Haji Husen alias Jiencin)and Haji Dulhamid of Tarikolot Cimande West Java,) Tjong Kim Nji, Liu Chi Tay (a lot of teaching moments herons), Bapak Sabuy. This is done until he was 25 years old. He studied the combination of the core is then taken.The style is a lot of movement is affecting Southern Shaolin Kungfu and multiple streams of Pencak Silat.
Plus he was pleased to observe the movements of nature so much more take the principle of nature. Motion obtained mixed into moves such as crane stance, tigers, snakes, monkeys, jungle fowl, and peacocks.
http://santacruzwhitecrane.com/history.html In the years following World War II, Suhu joined his country in the battle for independence. Suhu gained a reputation as a formidible fighter during the geurrilla campaign against the Dutch and English colonial powers. Due to his bravery and common sense, Suhu often found himself in the role of leader. Suhu naturally began to share his martial skills with his close friends and comrades during the struggle for independence.
From this close knit group of young fighters Suhu founded his first group of 18 students, known as the Block-18. This group provided the foundation for the the forming of Persatuan Gerak Badan in 1952. Suhu chose the White Crane as the symbol of the school because the crane is a social animal which represents balance and grace, and only fights in self defense
It is said that the current White Crane Silat style taught by PGB represents synthesis of four martial arts styles with that of his original clan emstyle of kun tao.
A West Javanese style founded by Embah Kahir in the 18th century, along with the kera (monkey), pamachan (tiger) and stick-fighting styles. Around 300 variations of cimande exist today, and are practiced primarily in villages along the Cimande River. Between the years 1776 - 1813 Cianjur in order by Regent R. Wiratanudatar Aria II, the Regent Cianjur to-5 of the offspring, or also called Dalem Enoh. During his reign, he learned that Pendekar from Shakir an expert in Pencak Silat. Shakir as Master Pencak Silat in Cianjur are also members of the security of the District Pendekar.
Shakir was elderly and humble and people will respect him in regard as her own parents ( so it was Called Embah=Grand Father misspelling became Mbah Khoir ?), so there are many students who accidentally learned his Pencak Silat. Among them was the son Dalem Enoh was R. Wiranagara or Aria Cikalong
Pencak Cimande in popularized and spread b y Pendekar. Shakir from Mande Village of Cianjur District.
Pendekar. Shakir was figured of Pencak Silat, is a lot of knowledge in terms of Pencak Silat and has about mysticism.
That's why Pencak Silat movements creature popularly known as Pendekar Shakir Cimande Pencak Silat style, took home the District Cimande region.
RH Ibrahim was the founder Cikalong Style and narrated by many residents in ketuktular Tempatan. one of them: It is said that when Rd.H.Ibrahim follow Dalem (Regents/Bupati)Prawiradiredja better known as Dalem Marhum (http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Cianjur est. 1813-1833) went deer hunting in District Palumbon, now the District of Mande. Suddenly startled by the arrival of the population, let there at the edge of a tiger's roar small times. Dalem Marhum joked while ngeledek (phussy); he said if he was not a warrior can not beat a tiger,and Rd.H.Ibrahim ears were burning, and took gobang (GoloK)favorite "Salam Nunggal" which handles made of ivory. “while shouted as I proved he says”, he walked calmly and assuredly go to the location of the tigerL. Witnessed many battles with tigers eye edge runs exciting times. Rd.H.Ibrahim approached, the tiger pounced with a feeling of urgency and on Wild (buasny)a. Once aversion continued gobang swipe (Golok), the tiger temple(pelipis) fell down dead on the spot. He said this first experience in his life, Fighting who risked life and death. Dalem Marhum admire and shake Congratulate and were given title the warriors of Cikalong for Ibrahim, while society tells a wonderful event. Strength, supernatural powers as a warrior Cikalong Rd.H.Ibrahim that until now embedded in the hearts of martial arts community in West Java.
Perisai Diri is a style of pencak silat. The term literally means "shield of oneself". The founder of Perisai Diri was Raden Mas Soebandiman Dirdjoatmodjo, better known by his nickname of Pak De. He began practicing pencak silat in his childhood and had experience in several styles such as cimande, silek, kuningan, East Javanese silat, and silat Betawi. Pak De also spent 14 years studying a southern Chinese martial art under Yap Kie San in Parakan. Perisai Diri was founded on July 2, 1955 in Surabaya by Pak De, with the assistance of Imam Ramelan. After Pak De's death in 1983, the Indonesian government granted him the title of Pendekar Purna Utama, the highest rank for a pendekar
Sahbandar or Syahbandar
The origin of Pencak Silat Syahbandar originated from a Silat Pendekar of, namely Moh. Ama Kosim Sabandar who was born in 1766 in Pagaruyung (Minangkabau East) and died in 1880 and was buried in wanayasa, Purwakarta, West Java. Mohammed Kosim Later on called Mamak or mamak Sahbandar or simply Called mamak kosim (mamak=minang langguage for uncle). During his lived in Cianjur, under two regents period that were Dalem Pancaniti (Koesoemaningrat) who ruled between the years 1832-1861 and Cianjur Dalem R. Alibasyah VIII (R. Aria Prawiradiredja) who ruled in 1864-1910. Different styles of martial arts Sahbandar compare another martial style West java , which is not much use of force, because the movement mostly avoids opponent's attack and let the energy flow carried by the opponent himself. Pencak Silat Sahbandar much use depok (under ground sitting),soft movement (modest), so his movements with more emphasis on the bottom.
www.silatindonesia.com http://satriya93.student.umm.ac.id/sejarah-berdirinya-setia-hati/ http://en.silatindonesia.com/2009/08/riwayat-singkat-ki-ngabei-agen... http://persaudaraan-setia-hati.blogspot.com/ http://persaudaraan-setia-hati.blogspot.com/2008/08/persaudaraan-pe... http://www.silat.tv/profiles/blogs/the-road-way-of-guru-besar-persaudaraan-setia-hati-a-brief Ki Ageng Ngabei Soerodiwirdjo name was Mohammed Masdan, who was born in 1876 in Surabaya's oldest son of Ki Ngabei Soeromihardjo officers of Health Society (mantri cacar) in ngimbang kab: jombang (East Java)
Ki ngabei Soeromihardjo were cousins RAA Soeronegoro (Kediri regent at the time). Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo have lineage Katong Batoro (Pendekar Legend) in Ponorogo, he married with Sarijati on age of 29 in Surabaya was awarded 3-2 boys and 2 girls but they all died as a child.
At the age of 14 years (yr 1890) he graduated elementary School ( SR) and then taken be step son by his uncle (wedono in Wonokromo).
And in 1891 the 15-year-old just go for work with dutch officers on a controller employed as a clerk but had to intern before (now candidate office staff).
At the relatively young age of Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo Studying in the Islamic boarding school(Pesantren) in Tebu ireng jombang, and here also he was studied the martial arts . in 1892 moved to Bandung Parahyangan precisely in this area, he adds his knowledge of martial arts skill (Pencak silat). Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo is a talented, strong-willed and able to think quickly and be able to collect the various steps of the Maenpo/Pencak Silat. Martial arts that followed among Various style were :
In 1893 he moved to Jakarta, the city betawi only one year but can use the time to increase knowledge in learning martial arts, namely:
In 1894 Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo moved to Bengkulu (West Sumatera) to followed his Boss (the Netherlands man) moved it.in here hi also learn martial arts, six months later moved to the Padang Cityt. In both these areas Soerodiwirdjo Ki Ageng also adds his knowledge about the world of martial arts on this way was The Silek/Pencak Sila tof minangkabau were
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang Pariaman
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang Sidempuan
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang Panjang
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang Pesur / padang baru
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang sikante
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang alai
- Silek/Pencak Silat padang partaikan
Silek/Pencak Silat yang di dapat dari Bukit tinggi yakni :
- Silek/Pencak Silat Orang lawah
- Silek/Pencak Silat lintau
- Silek/Pencak Silat solok
- Silek/Pencak Silat singkarak
- Silek/Pencak Silat sipei
- Silek/Pencak Silat paya punggung
- Silek/Pencak Silat katak gadang
- Silek/Pencak Silat air bangis
- Silek/Pencak Silat tariakan
In Minangkabau one of the teachers was Datuk Rajo Batuah and He taught Pencak Silat in addition to spirituality. In 1898 he went to Banda Aceh, in this place Soerodiwirdjo Ki Ageng apprenticed to a teacher (GURU)of martial arts, among of the Were :
- Tengku Achamd mulia Ibrahim
- Gusti kenongo mangga tengah
- Cik bedoyo
On here he was learned the style of:
- Pencak Silat aceh pantai
- Pencak Silat kucingan
- Pencak Silat bengai lancam
- Pencak Silat simpangan
- Pencak Silat turutung
In 1902 Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo returned home (Surabaya) and worked as a police officer with the rank of police major. 1903 in Tambak Gringsing for the first time Ki Ageng Soerodiwirdjo opening his Pencak silat School in the name SEDULUR TUNGGL KECER and his martial arts
After studying several pencak silat styles in Jombang, West Java, Batavia, Bengkulu, West Sumatra and North Aceh, Ki Ngabei Soerodiwirjo returned to Surabaya where he worked as a Police Major. By selecting, modifying and integrating of the styles he had learn, in 1903 he created a new style called ‘Joyo Gendilo’ and began teaching at the ‘Sedulur Tunggal Kecer’ fraternity. The word ‘kecer’ indicates the most essential ingredient of the initiation ceremony: kecer, water blessed by the teacher before distributing it to the aspirant students.
In the beginning, this perguruan (Pencak Silat School) consisted of eight family members, including Mr.Knevel a Dutch Indonesian. But its fame rapidly grew after Ki Ngabei Soerodiwirjo beat all those masters/Pendekars in Surabaya who were unwilling to have his perguruan (silat school) in ‘their’ territory.At that time, agitation by the Serikat Islam movement in East Java caused the Dutch police to be on cautious guard against all kinds of organised activities in the capital city, Surabaya.
Feeling uncomfortable with the situation in Surabaya, Ki Ngabei Soerodiwirjo took the advice of R.M. Apuk –a student who had been incarcerated in Cipinang (Batavia) for shooting dead a Dutch Indonesian in Mojokerto who had tried to disgrace his younger sister– and moved to Tegal in 1912.
There he worked as an irrigation opzichter (supervisor) for two years before returning to Surabaya on the request of one of the members of the Sedulur Tunggal Kecer to work for the Railroad Service.
Since the Dutch police in Surabaya still wanted him off their territory, soon thereafter he was moved to the railroad garage in Madiun. In Madiun, Ki Ngabei Soerodiwirjo opened a perguruan called ‘Joyo Gendilo Cipto Mulyo’, which in 1917 changed its name to ‘Persaudaraan Setya Hati’, or ‘SH’. A great many civic servants, and OSIVA and MULO students wanted him as a teacher(GURU).currently the biggest pencak silat style in the world, with practitioners in Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, East Timor, Philippines, The Netherlands, France, Russia, United States and England.
Gadjah Putih Jati Wisesa
A village system from Garut in West Java. It features conservative hand positions, a deep base with limited kicking, and a focus on grabbing, breaking, and elbow strikes. It reflects influences from neighboring systems such as Cimande, Cikalong, and Syahbandar.
A traditional style developed in the palace grounds of Yogyakarta. It was first taught outside the palace by RM Harimurti (Raden Rio Tedjonegoro), and the school was formally organised by his student Suko Winadi.Raden Mas Harimurti known as the Day is one of the martial and mystical figure of the famous Yogakarta. He was born on Tuesday Kliwon, 25 Jumadilakir 1837 Agusutus Jimawal or six days in 1907 and died on Wednesday Pon, 19 Bakdamulud Je 1894 or 18 September 1962. He was the son of a Javanese nobleman of GPH (Gusti Pangeran Haryo) Tejokusuma at Sultan Mataram Palace. He was very fond childhood to study mysticism andMartial Arts . Since the age of 13 years, he wandered through the archipelago to pursue science and kanuragan martial. Many arts leaders Pencak Silat of that era such as Kyai Busro, Kyai Mustapa, Kyai Isaac, Kyai Iskandar, etc. that people was friend of him.
Based on old styles from Mataram and Madura, it focuses equally on internal and external training. Multiple schools in U.S. and Indonesia. U.S. headquarters located in Ft. Collins, Colorado and headed by Guru Daniel Sulestya Agung Prasetya.
Mutiara Panca Rasa
A modern style founded by Bapak Haji Tengku Fuad Alzakiyat Azhar. It is the national silat of Indonesia.
Penca Silat Nampon
A defensive style which mixes self-defense with internal training, founded by Nampon in 1932. It consists of ten steps that focus on redirecting the opponent's attack to leave them open to a counter-attack. The movements are combined with bursts or waves of the senses.
- Pencak Silat Padjadjaran
Pencak Silat Pertempuran
A combination of Pencak Silat Pamur and Silat Teralak, with influences from Silat Jati Wisesa and monkey king silat. The name means "combat silat" because of its focus on sparring rather than demonstration.
A style based mainly on cimande, Derosemo and Sera silat with some elements of pancha bela.
Pukulan Pencak Silat Serak
Founded by Pak Sera and expanded by Mas Jut. Several regional variations exist.
PENDEKAR LIE CHENG OK (1854 - 1951) was Chinese descent living in Kampung Dadap, Tangerang, Banten Proivince It was who brought the first Martial Arts BEKSI (BIE SIE from Chinese langguage=Pertahanan 4 (empat) arah=Fourway defenses) of China's Northern Shaolin and homage to the country Indonesia. He recognized as Guru Besar BEKSI with the first in Indonesia, precisely in Tangerang and Jakarta, whose land is occupied by the Betawi ethnic communities. One of his descendants who are still developing BEKSI of Martial Arts is a Lie Gie Tong is one of the descendants of the Lie Tong San (Children Pendekar Lie ceng ok). Pendekar Lie ceng ok students have learned through his direct and distribute this BEKSI Martial Arts, among others: 1. Ki Marhali, direct student of Lie Cheng Ok 2. H. Ghozali direct student of Ki Marhali 3. H. Hasbullah.direct student of H.Gozali . This is the third person believed and acknowledged as their to the Martial Arts BEKSI recognized directly by Gie Lie Tong (grandson of the Pendekar Lie cheng ok) because this is the three person ever and learn directly from the Pendekar Lie ceng ok and has the moves as well as spread the original Pendekar Lie ceng ok Style.This style was famous in Betawi/Batavia (now on was Jakarta).
Jien cien Alias Haji Husen
On December 13, 1945, the Allies Troops once again launched an attack on Bekasi Front, defense fighters was bombarded with 200 shells. Infantry and cavalry they attacked the West and East Bekasi At night, the fighters counterattacked from close range by troops carrying Golok hand grenades machetes. As a result, the Allies withdrew from Bekasi to Jakarta and then followed a battle in the streets from Jakarta to Bekasi up to Krawang. Chairil Anwar (indonesian famous poetry arts) was take over the work of describing how great battles are done in maintaining the independence fighters in front Karawang-Bekasi during a physical revolution (1945-1949) was noted below: We are now lying between Krawang-Bekasi can not shout "Merdeka"(Freedom) and Could not take up arms again We just scattered bones But it is yours.....
During his journeys as fredoom fighters, Husein had the opportunity to meet many well known silat stalwarts, capitalising on these frequent exhanges with silat personalities from whom he was able to glean and internalise new ideas. It was rare that the process didn’t begin with them testing each other’s skills, one against the other, said Bang Udin. From the personal experiences he accumulated, and supported by talent and intelligence, Haji Encin was able to successfully fuse silat moves and principles from a number of pencak silat styles, which included Cingkrig, Bandul, Beksi, Suliwa and Gerak Rasa, to become a unique silat without a name. Consequently we called the style Jiencin as that was his name, he said. Upon his return to Jakarta, the providence provided by his experience and wealth of knowledge made him a respected figure by friend and foe alike in the areas of Kampung Baru (now known as Warung Buncit), Duren Tiga, Tegal Parang Pancoran and Mampang Prapatan Jakarta,This style was famous in Betawi/Batavia (now on was Jakarta).
Kwitang was From The Martal Art Family
Tang Kiam Kwe or Kwitang was set foot on land Batavia in 17 century,in ones of the village in Batavia . As Trade traveler who is also the as chinese medicine traffickers live. Besides hunting blending in illicit chinese medicines, it is also a member of the martial arts exercise training.This style was famous in Betawi/Batavia (now on was Jakarta). In the district where he lived, Tang Kiam Kwe was down his knowledge of martial arts (Possibly Kunatao Hokkian) to the people who live around it. The Kwe Tang Kiam knowledge of martial arts prowess around Betawi/Batavia community were Very recognized that time One of the disciples of Kim Tang Kwe is a family ancestor H. Moch Zaelani who later became heir knowledge of this martial Kwitang area. It was then teaching the martial to the family, ie, H Moch. Zakaria. However, because interest Betawi people to learn martial arts is so large, it also gives the chance for them to join the study. Zaelani teaching silat Kwitang Style up 27 September 1948 in accordance with the National Athletic town was held PON I ( PON was indonesia olympics) in Solo. When was held that PON Pencak Silat Association, Indonesia (IPSI) inaugurated. At that time, the first IPSI, Mr. Wongso Negoro, invite the PPS Betako Kwitang to demonstrate his ability at the opening of the PON 1 in Solo 1948. H Moch. Zakaria now was Guru Besar Pencak silat Mustika Kwitang and Advisor of IPSI ( Indonesia Association of Pencak Silat).
- Silat Bali
The traditional Balinese style, influenced by 15th-century Javanese immigrants.
- Silat Wali Songo
A modern style based on traditional techniques centered around the kembangan, similar to the wai khru ram muay. Includes comprehensive groundwork, strikes, grappling and weapons.
- Silek harimau
The Minangkabau tiger style, referred to in standard Indonesian as silat harimau Minangkabau. One of the oldest silat systems in existence, it is also called silek kuching or cat silat. It is unique among other tiger-based styles because practitioners fight while crouched down. This tactic is believed to have been developed to avoid falling or stumbling during battle in West Sumatra's wet paddy fields. Silek is the name of Minangkabau made elsewhere martial art known as Silat. Matrilineal system is adopted to make the boys after puberty must live in the mosque and one of the basic arts education is important to be learned by the sons of Islam in addition to religious education. Silek is an important element in the traditions and customs of a society Minangkabau ethnic ekspersi Minang. Silek is pervasive in every day life and emerge as an important element in folklore, legends, proverbs and oral tradition in Minangkabau. There are many types of martial silek streams in West Sumatra and can be categorized in eleven successful silek stream being recorded are: Silek Kumanggo Silek Lintau Tuo Silek Silek Sitaralak Silek Tigers Silek Pauh Silek Patai River Silek Luncua Gulo Gulo Silek Tareh New Silek Silek Ulu Ambek According to Cordes Hiltrud only the first ten that can be classified as a stream of self-defense but silek Ulu silek Ambek abundant in coastal Pariaman. Silek above types of martial arts is found in many places in West Sumatra, although many other species are more localized and some have only just found in a village and for the latter is more appropriate for the so-called college silek taste than most of the named streams that flow with the name of the village of origin sileknya silek flow was coming from and do not associate themselves with any of the above flow, even some who call themselves by names such as Tiger Lalok unique, Elephant Badorong, Kuciang Bagaluik or Puti Mandi.
- Tapak Suci
A modern system based on Muslim philosophy. Starting from a stream at the Pesantren(Islamic boarding school ) in Banjaran Binorong Banjarnegara in 1872, the Pencak silat style is then developed into a martial arts school in Yogyakarta Kauman because the displacement of the pendekar KH. Busyro Syuhada , due to the armed resistance movement was doing so he became the target of arrests of the Dutch colonial regime. In this Kauman (Village in YOGYAKARTA) pendekar KH.Busyro Syuhada get students a strong and able to inheriting his skill in the art of martial arts ]. It is one of the most well-known schools in Indonesia and the Netherlands today. The martial arts School was founded in 1925 and was named CIKAUMAN by Pendekar Wahib and A.Dimyati, (the two students a respite from .pendekar KH.Busyro Syuhada) This school has a religious foundation and a strong nationality. This confirms all his school to be free from shirk (associating partners with God) and college-educated devoting attention to the plight of religion and nation With an intensive approach and the consideration that there must be a physical force that Muslims have to face the communist forces that provocation against Muslims, then the idea to reunite the forces scattered Schools Pencak silat into a single force was begins .throughout the organizational set up, and finally the school established and named the Pencak silat Tapak Suci on July 31, 1960 which is the historical continuity of the previous School. And the Muhammadiyah(ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL) Tanwir Assembly(Congress) in 1967, The Tapak Suci is set to be an autonomous organization within the Muhammadiyah, because of that the Pencak silat Tapak Suci of Muhammadiyah also be used as a container capable cadre of Muhammadiyah. ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL).
Pencak Silat Pager Nusa
http://pagarnusappru.blogspot.com/2012/02/perguruan-pencak-silat-nahdlatul-ulama.html Pencak Silat Pager Nusa as an organ under the auspices of duty NU (Nahdahtul Ulama was traditional Islamic Boarding School) explore, develop, and preserve the legacy of martial arts and cultural The Wali's songo (Elderly Moslem Java )especially Indonesian martial arts in general.
Formed and established by its founders in 1828 as the Autonomous nahdiyin / NU And other Kediri Lirboyo Islamic boarding school in East Java. NU decree on the ratification of the establishment and management passed 9 Dhu al-Hijjah 1406/16 July 1986. Starting from a care and concern about the decline of the world as well as in the court martial blends with Islamic boarding school life and activities.
Pencak Silat Panglipur
Founded by Abah Aleh in 1909 in Bandung Gg.Durman near the new market, he was born in banten in 1856 and died in Garut 1980.
http://pro.ovh.net/~saudarak/skblog/?page_id=342&lang=en This name has 2 meanings that become Panglipur Phylosophy which stands for:
1. Pek Aranjeun Neangan Guru Luhung Ilmuna, Poma Ulah Ria (arrogant). This means that: Please you are looking for the high science teacher, but do not be conceited (arrogant). 2. Pek Aranjeun Neangan Guru Luhung Ilmuna Pikeun Udageun Rasa.
This means that: Please you are looking for the high science teacher who can help us reach the high feeling.
Over the years, many have developed various branches of Panglipur.They still include the name Panglipur on behalf of their respective school. For example Rayi Panglipur, Ray Panglipur, Panglipur Jembar Kencana, Panglipur Pamagersari, Panglipur Siliwangi, Daya Guna Panglipur, Trenggana Panglipur, etc.
Abah Aleh highly skilled and qualified in the technick silat, so that he can combine the style of different schools of various figures in the failure by the leading martial arts .
They teach Abah Aleh was the flow of Raden Agus Cimande Kampung Baru, who taught Haji Bajuri slap Two Cimande and Sipecut, Gan UU teaches a series of road Cikalong, Rd. Ahmad teaches a series of motion Enggah Front Street, Rd. Kosasih teach Sabandar Ulin, The Djurus SiPitung and five series of Djurus Alip, Rd. Husen Nataningrat teach the game Bojong Herang (Sahbandar style?), and many other arts figures which he led in demanding of the martial arts
In 1945 Abah Aleh move to Garut, rather Kp. Sumursari Sukasono Village district. Sukawening Kab.Garut (WEST JAVA) And in 1974 Abah Aleh refers to the fourth daughters was Rd. Hj. Enny Rukmini Sekarningrat as Chairman Panglipur HPS.
- Silat Sendeng
One of the oldest,famous and historical silat in Malaysia. A very devastating ancient art of war. It's also the origin of buah pukul style.Silat Sendeng was formerly known Silat Muar Sendeng has been popularized by the late Haji Abd Hamid bin Haji Hamzah in the Sungai Mati , Muar, Johor Malaysia. Haji Abd. Hamid has inherited the art of learning this Silat from the elderly Bugis since the early 20th-century ago in the land of the Malays. In Silat sendeng way to move and attack his bare hands a unique and practical. Silat Sendeng focus to concentration devote time to read the motion and superimposed with a weak spot identify targets on the opponent. In this ranking to survive or not depends on the opponent's attack. Distinctive character of the martial art of ground fighting in bugis is a narrow space, broken steps and pelebatnya (counter attck) known great and loud. This martial arts is a purely cultural heritage, especially in areas Bugis-Sengkang and Sidrap-, South Sulawesi and as happens in other cultures in Indonesia, this martial arts are also reaping the polemic because Malaysia has claimed this martial arts as part of the heritage their culture. In the history of this Sendeng martial arts, the Malays made up of several ethnic immigrants who occupy different regions in Malaysia. One is the Bugis sailors, who at that time was known for his expertise on fighting skill with a fiery nature.
- Gayong Sri Rama
- Keris lok-9
An old weapon-based style used by Melakan warriors against Portuguese conquistadors. First taught publicly by Azlan Ghanie in 1997, the school focuses on fighting with the kris. Training centres around the learning of forms or lok, of which there are five altogether (the word lok also refers to a curve on the kris' blade). Two years are required to complete the basic syllabus.
The Traits of style
The Traits Javanese Influence http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demak_Sultanate
Pati Unus History
Raden Patah (Sultan Demak /Central Java was replacing Majapahit Reign because he was son of Brawijaya The Last King of Majapahit) was succeeded by his brother-in-law Pati Unus or Adipati Yunus (1518–1521). Before it, he was a ruler of Jepara, a vassal state to the north of Demak. He was known for his two attempts in 1511 and 1521 to seize the port of Malacca from the control of Portuguese. In Suma Oriental, Tomé Pires refer to him as "Pate Onus" or "Pate Unus", brother in-law of "Pate Rodim" (Raden Patah), the ruler of Demak. During the invasions he managed to mobilise vessels from Javanese coastal cities to Malay Peninsula. Javanese ports turned against Portuguese for a number of reason, the major of them is opposition to Portuguese insistence on monopoly of spices trade. The invasion fleet cosisted around one thousand vessels, but this was repulsed by the Portuguese. The destruction of this navy proved devastating to the Javanese ports, who although somewhat recovered, unable to respond properly when next colonial power came, the Dutch. This campaign attempt ended with failures and loss of the King's life. He was later remembered as Pangeran Sabrang Lor or the Prince who crossed (the Java Sea) to North (Malay peninsula).
The traits Malaca in West Java.
Prince Abdullah, the son of Pati Unus also have another son that is known as Raden Suryadiwangsa the latter better known as Raden Surya diningrat was given named by Panembahan Senopati when Mataram East Priangan officially controlled by Mataram Sultanate in 1595. Pati Unus son's presence in the region of East Priangan (West Java East) is not independent of missionary cooperation between the Sultanate of Banten and Cirebon in an attempt to right the remains of Islamic empire in the region Galuh until Sukapura (now Tasikmalaya). Raden Surya was sent by his father, Prince Abdullah's (Pati Unus son) who has become Banten Sultanate Adviser to assist the Islamic army in an attempt to Islamized Cirebon (East Priangan Islamization). Raden Surya led the mission (because almost without fighting) until it reaches the area of assisted by the of descent Sukapura ( was Malacca soldiers who failed to move Portuguese colonizers from Malaca.) Sukapura was the Villages of their new home for Rest of Malacca soldiers on the spot and next called to be Tasikmalaya which means lake of Malaya (Malay) because he was in the army was descendants of Malays of Malacca.
An offensive style combining the Chinese art of lian or buah pukul and tomoi. Its main technique is a quick series of punches or chops. Weapons include the tekpi, stick and Chinese sword. The entire syllabus can be completed in eight months after 4–6 hours of weekly practice.
- Lian Yunan
- Seni gayong
A modern system based on the older tiger style called sendi harimau which focuses on joint manipulation. The Gayung Malaysia organisation was among the first silat associations registered in Malaysia, and it is today the most popular style in the country. It is also considered the most "complete" system because it includes strikes, joint manipulation, weapons, and acrobatics. A derivative of seni gayong is practiced by the Malaysian Armed Forces called combat silat or gayong combat. The Roots was Minangkabau silek
The 17th century saw an influx of Minangkabau and Bugis people into Malaya from Sumatra and south Sulawesi respectively. Bugis sailors were particularly famous for their martial prowess and were feared even by the European colonists. Between 1666 and 1673, Bugis mercenaries were employed by the Johor empire when a civil war erupted with Jambi, an event that marked the beginning of Bugis influences in local conflicts for succeeding centuries. By the 1780s the Bugis had control of Johor and established a kingdom in Selangor. With the consent of the Johor ruler, the Minangkabau formed their own federation of nine states called Negeri Sembilan in the hinterland. Today, some of Malaysia's silat schools can trace their lineage directly back to the Minang and Bugis settlers of this period.. ;[[Seni Gayung Fatani] Originating in Pattani, Thailand, it focuses mostly on locking techniques.
- Silat angin
Founded by Yap Mat in Kedah in 1977, the name means wind silat. It combines the weaponry of seni gayong, the hand strikes of Wing Chun, the energy drills of yiquan and the elbow and knee attacks of tomoi.
An aggressive style created in Kedah. Unlike other systems, silat chekak doesn't include evasive side-stepping or dance-like routines and is never performed with musical accompaniment. Instead, it focuses on sparring so students learn to confront hostility directly.
- Silat embo
- Silat Kalimah Panglima Tangkas
A somewhat controversial style purported to have been descended from an older method called Silat Kalimah. This system was supposedly taught exclusively among the Kedah royal family before being opened to the public by the late Pak Yahya Said in 1963. Sceptics who doubt this claim believe that either Pak Yahya Said or his guru founded the style themselves.
- Silat kuntau tekpi
A weapon-based style focusing on the tekpi. It was founded by a panglima (governor-general) of Kedah in the early 19th century, whose daughter was known as the serikandi Kedah or heroine of Kedah. The syllabus is divided into five levels. The first two levels teach self-defense, the third and fourth introduce the use of weapons while the final level emphasises spiritual and mental development.
- Silat Lincah
Originally called silat tarah, the name was changed because it was considered too violent. The word tarah means to sever or cut off while lincah means quick, agile and ever-changing.
"Battlefield silat", an old weapon-based style said to date back to 14th century Majapahit. Unlike most other systems, it doesn't contain any pre-arranged routines, but relies on sparring with sticks and blunt blades.
Also known as silat tua ("old silat"), it was developed by Hindu-Buddhist ascetics and hermits in Pattani, Thailand. Traditionally credited as the earliest system of silat Melayu, its age is evident in several aspects. For example, it does not include any preset forms so students learn techniques mostly through silat pulut and freestyle forms. Unlike later methods, the kris is considered the least lethal of silat Pattani's five primary weapons. The art contains three main Ramayana routines based on Seri Rama, Sita Dewi and Hanuman in addition to the deer, snake, monkey, bird, tiger and nāga (dragon) styles.
- Silat Telapak Nusantara
Supposedly founded by a Muslim scholar named Tuan Sheikh Ali who helped introduce Islam to his homeland of Sumatra. As he gained more experience, his system went through seven major stages of development. The final development, called silat bongsu, is the core of all the other stages and is thus called the mother style. Because Tuan Sheikh Ali's method requires at least seven years of consecutive daily training to master, each level was taught as a separate style until all were re-merged under a single school in Malaysia.
- Silat Teralak Asli
One of the most popular styles in Kelantan. It is said to have been founded in 1865 by Ulud Bagindo Chatib in Kamang, West Sumatra. After spreading to peninsular Malaysia, it was altered by the grandmaster Tuanku Syech Habibullah. Silat teralak is not used in competition but rather for character-building. Thus it is straightforward without aesthetic movements. The footwork uses fast movements designed for self-defense.
- Bukti Negara
A modified variation of the Sera style, designed by the current lineage holder Paul de Thouars.
- Bunga Cantik Pencak Silat
"Beautiful flower silat" created in Sacramento, California. The group performs four annual demonstrations statewide. Bunga Cantik Pencak Silat belongs to the Suwanda Academy, the Association of Pencak Silat America, Liahona Warrior Arts, the Napal Pencak Silat Organization and the Indonesian Pencak Silat Society, located in Bali.
- Maphilindo Silat
Founded by the Jeet Kune Do master Dan Inosanto to honour his silat teachers. It is composed of styles from Malaysia (Ma), the Philippines (Phil) and Indonesia (Indo). There are only 18 instructors in the world who are certified in this style.
- Buka Jalan Pentjak Silat
Founded by Cassimore Magda, this style utilizes theories and principles primarily from Bukti Negara and Mande Muda, but also includes elements of Bersilat and other styles. The term 'Buka' means to open, "Jalan' means road or path, 'Pentjak' training for the fight, and 'Silat' is the fight. So, Buka Jalan Pentjak Silat is the style of opening the way to train to fight. The central philosophy of the style is to be the 'director'.
- Pentjak Silat Rante USA
A weapon-based style focusing on the chain (rante), founded in the USA in 1962.
- Poekoelan tjimindie tulen
A fusion of pencak silat and Chinese martial arts . Poekeolan Tjimandie Ch uan Fa was brought to America in 1956 by the Dutch-Eurasion Willy Wetzel. Since Goeroe Wetzel had an untimely death, he never picked a successor. An 18 year old "Golden Boy" named Barbara Niggle claimed to be the next in line. She added the Indonesian word "Tulen" meaning original, to separate her version of Poekoelan.
- Pukulan cimande pusaka
A synthesis of four sources developed by William Sanders. William Sanders was a " Red Dragon" in Poekoelan Tjimandie Chuan Fa. He went to Indonesia to learn more about Poekoelan. He never met or studied with Goeroe Wetzel. When he went to Indonesia, he met a Goeroe who told him that Willy Wetzel did not know what he was talking about, so William Sanders changed his teachings. It now draws primarily from Poekoelan Tjiminde, Tarik Kolot cimande, combination cimande and an esoteric system of mysticism taught by Untung Surapati. The style is organized around the use of five primary animal techniques - monkey, tiger, snake, crane and dragon. It includes weapons, grappling, fighting while in a grounded position, and fighting multiple opponents. It also incorporates a system of metaphysical development which includes meditations designed to draw the four elements into the body for various combative and spiritual purposes, and the practice of animal spirit possession, in order to aid fighting skill. Mantra and magic circles are used, along with visualization and breathing.
- Silat Qutuz
An aggressive modern style made up of nine components.
- Silat Sharaf
An aggressive modern style which teaches primarily military/street applications of martial systems that are practiced in many communities around the world, condensed into a concise curriculum. The system includes empty-handed combat, knife play, stick play, gunplay, grappling, joint manipulation, and utilizes the Honor codes of the Bedouin, specifically Sharaf, and is most similar in application to Silat Cekak. There are also body culture development exercises which help develop the correct body mechanics for close-quarter fighting.
- Anjing Gembala Pencak Silat
A modern style developed by Guru Mike Casto. It draws heavily from the de Thouars family systems (Sera[k], Kuntao Silat de Thouars, Bukti Negara) and some from Mande Muda (specifically from the Harimau, Cipecut and Cimande aspects of Mande Muda). It also draws stick fighting from Cacoy Doce Pares and blade training from Sikal. The name, "Anjing Gembala," translates as "sheepdog" and was inspired by the essay, "On Sheep, Wolves and Sheepdogs" by Dave Grossman (author). In the essay sheepdogs protect the sheep from the wolves of society. "Protection of self and others" is integral to Guru Mike's mindset and he hopes to share that mindset with his students and provide them with tools to help them accomplish that goal.
- ↑ baktinegara_website. Baktinegara.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ Merpati Putih Usa Group
- ↑ MP USA Landing Page
- ↑ Paguron Penca Silat Nampon. Nampon.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ Donn F. Draeger (1992). Weapons And Fighting Arts Of Indonesia. Rutland, Vt. : Charles E. Tuttle Co.. ISBN 978-0-8048-1716-5.
- ↑ www.silatsenigayong.com. www.silatsenigayong.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ Gayong Combat
- ↑ Silat - Pertubuhan Seni Gayung Fatani Malaysia. Senigayungfatani.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ Persatuan Seni Silat Cekak Malaysia. Silatcekak.org. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Zainal Abidin Shaikh Awab and Nigel Sutton (2006). Silat Tua: The Malay Dance Of Life. Kuala Lumpur: Azlan Ghanie Sdn Bhd. ISBN 978-983-42328-0-1.
- ↑ de beste bron van informatie over silat kalimah. silat-kalimah.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ http://www.silatlincah.com.my
- ↑ Pertubuhan Seni Silat Telapak Nusantara Malaysia. Senisilat.tripod.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
- ↑ Pencak Silat Sharaf. Cogtactical.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-02.
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