The main task of the modern physics of stars can be considered as an explanation of the dependence of the parameters of the stars and the Sun, which are measured by astronomers. To date, these dependencies are already accumulated about a dozen. Have been detected the temperature-radius-mass-luminosity relation for close binary stars, the spectra of seismic oscillations of the Sun, distribution of stars on their masses, magnetic fields of stars and etc. All these relationships are defined by phenomena occurring inside stars. Therefore, a theory of the internal structure of stars should be based on these quantitative data as on boundary conditions.
The most of modern astrophysicists prefer more speculative approach. They elaborate qualitative theories of stars that are not pursued to such quantitative estimates, which could be compared with the data of astronomers (see for example the article "Star"). Due to the fact that the existing model of physics of stars are not based on measurements and are descriptive in nature, would be appropriate to emphasize a speculativeness at their presentation.
Of course, the astrophysical community knows about the existence of dependencies of stellar parameters which was measured by astronomers. However, in modern astrophysics it is accepted to think, that if an explanation of a dependency is not found, that it can be referred to the category of empirical one and it need no an explanation.
The reason that prevents to explain these relationships is due to the wrong choice of the basic postulates of modern astrophysics. Despite of the fact that all modern astrophysics believe that the stars consist from a plasma, it historically turned out that the theory of stellar interiors does not take into account the electric polarization of the plasma, which must occur within stars under the influence of their gravitational field. Modern astrophysics believes that the gravity-induced electric polarization (GIEP) of stellar plasma is small and it should not be taken into account in the calculations, as this polarization was not taken into account in the calculations at an early stage of development of astrophysics, when about a plasma structure of stars was not known. However, plasma is an electrically polarized substance, and an exclusion of the GIEP effect from the calculation is unwarranted. Moreover without of the taking into account of the GIEP-effect, the equilibrium stellar matter can not be correctly founded and a theory would not be able to explain the astronomical measurements. Accounting GIEP gives the theoretical explanation for the all observed dependence.
So the figures show the comparison of the measured dependencies of the stellar radius and the surface temperature from the mass of stars (expressed in solar units) with the results of model calculations, which takes into account the effect GIEP.
The calculations with accounting of the GIEP-effect are able to explain the observed spectrum of seismic solar oscillations and measurements of the magnetic moments of all objects in the solar system, as well as a number of stars.
In general, the accounting of GIEP effects gives the explanation to all the data of astronomical measurements by building the star theory, in which the radius, mass, and temperature are expressed by the corresponding ratios of the fundamental constants, and individuality of stars are determined by two parameters - by the charge and mass numbers of nuclei, from which a stellar plasma is composed.
The important feature of this stellar theory, which is built with the GIEP acconting, is the lack of a collapse in the final stage of the star development, as well as "black holes" that could be results from a such collapse.
- B.V.Vasiliev: Can the existence of the magnetic moments of cosmic bodies be explained by internal spontaneous electric polarization? // Nuovo Cimento B - 1996 - v.110, N12, 1381-1389
- B.V.Vasiliev: Why spontaneous electric polarization can arise inside cosmic bodies? // Nuovo Cimento B - 1997 - v.112, N12, 617-634
- B.V.Vasiliev: The gravity-induced electric polarization of electron-nuclear plasma and related astrophysical effects // Nuovo Cimento B - 2001 - v.116, N12, 1361-1372
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