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The Singapore Prison Service (Chinese: 新加坡监狱部门; Malay: Perkhidmatan Penjara Singapura) is a government agency of the Government of Singapore under the hierarchy of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It runs 14 prisons and drug rehabilitation centres in Singapore. Its responsibilities encompass the safe custody, rehabilitation and aftercare of offenders, and preventive education.

The Singapore Prison Service is made up of a professional team of uniformed officers as well as civilian staff, including psychologists and counsellors. The Singapore Prison Service was institutionalised as a department in 1946 and is situated at Upper Changi Road North.

History

1800 - 1899

On 18th April 1825, the first batch of penal convicts arrived in Singapore and were housed in temporary huts along Bras Basah Canal and the philosophy of deterrence through punitive measures rather than rehabilitation was adopted. In 1847, a civil jail was built at Pearl’s Hill but overcrowding remained a perennial problem and a continued punitive approach in prison management led to a high rate of recidivism.

1900 - 1999

Changi Prison, a maximum security prison, was built and operationalised in 1936 as a training ground for the reform and rehabilitation of its inmates. The Singapore Prison Service was institutionalised as a Department in 1946 and Mr G E WW Bayly became its first Commissioner. On 1st November 1973, Mr Quek Shi Lei was appointed Director of Prisons.

The Ministry of Home Affairs set up a Prisons Re-Organisation Committee to review the system of rehabilitation, industrial training and work discipline. A new system of classification was then adopted in which inmates were grouped into sixteen classes under three broad categories.

On 1st January 1988, Mr Tee Tua Ba took over as Director of Prisons, while Mr Quek Shi Lei acted as an advisor to Singapore Prison Service and became CEO, Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises (SCORE). The Singapore Prison Service mission and operations philosophy, which formed the guiding principles on inmate management, were promulgated.

When Mr Tee Tua Ba was posted to the Singapore Police Force (SPF) as Commissioner of Police on 1st July 1992, Mr Poh Geok Ek took over the Directorship of Singapore Prison Service until 1 November 1998.

Another milestone in Singapore Prison Service’s history was the official opening of Tanah Merah Prison and Changi Women’s Prison/Drug Rehabilitation Centre on 23rd April 1994 by then Minister for Home Affairs, Mr Wong Kan Seng. These two purpose-built prisons served as the flagship institutions leading the Singapore Prison Service into the 21st century and were built based on latest contemporary prison design and architecture then.

The Singapore Prison Service mission statement, operations philosophy and corporate statement were revised in March 1996 with the inclusion of a set of Core Values.

In 1998, Mr Chua Chin Kiat took over as Director of Singapore Prison Service from Mr Poh Geok Ek when the latter retired. Under Mr Chua Chin Kiat’s directorship, the Singapore Prison Service organised a visioning exercise in January 1999 to collectively craft a shared vision and conduct a review of its mission to better accommodate the changing needs and expectations of its stakeholders and the public.

On 31st December 1999, at the groundbreaking ceremony for the redevelopment of Changi Prison Complex, Guest-of-Honour, then Minister for Home Affairs, Mr Wong Kan Seng unveiled the new vision and revised mission together with the “Captain of Lives” tagline.

2000 – Present

On 3rd January 2000, Kaki Bukit Centre was established as a prison school for inmates’ education and skills learning. Teaching resources were centralised and more inmates were able to pursue further education.

Another milestone in Singapore Prison Service’s journey towards building an exemplary prison system was the operationalisation of Cluster A in 2004.

The Yellow Ribbon Project was launched in October 2004 to raise public awareness and acceptance of the community towards ex-offenders, so as to garner community support for inmates’ re-integration into society.

On 1st November 2007, Mr Ng Joo Hee took over office from Mr Chua Chin Kiat, the latter moving on to become the executive director or AETOS Security Management. In the same year, Selarang Park Prison/DRC was also transformed to a community supervision centre to manage inmates emplaced on community based programmes and released on supervision.

After two years as Director of Prisons, Mr Ng Joo Hee moved on to become the Commissioner of Police. On 1st January 2010, Mr Soh Wai Wah took over office and is the current Director of Prisons. Mr Soh Wai Wah oversaw the official opening of a new prison cluster in Changi Prison Complex - Cluster B, on 20th January 2010.


Captains of Lives guiding principles

Vision

Singapore Prison Service (SPS) aspires to be Captains in the lives of offenders committed to their custody. SPS will be instrumental in steering them towards being responsible citizens, with the help of their families and the community, thus building a secure and exemplary prison system.

Mission

As a key partner in Criminal Justice, SPS protects society through the safe custody and rehabilitation of offenders, co-operating in prevention and aftercare.

Core Values

SPS officers are committed to balance the needs of secure custody and discipline, while providing opportunities for rehabilitation for deserving inmates who are committed to leading crime-free lives.

As Captains of Lives to offenders, SPS officers are guided by a set of core values:

  • Honour the SPS vision by placing it above self-interest
  • Excelling in all that they do
  • Be agile by being vigilant, innovative and responsible for their own learning
  • Respect and care for colleagues, inmates and the community
  • Foster teamwork and inspire one another at work

Captains of Lives are guided by three broad principles in their daily interactions with inmates:

  • REHAB is a commitment to the programmes and services within the system to support inmates who have proven they have the inherent desire to change.
  • RENEW is a commitment an inmate makes to change his/her life for the better. Looking beyond their imprisonment, the inmates demonstrate a willingness and desire to renew their lives.
  • RESTART is a commitment to garner the support of the community. Through the CARE Network, offenders are given opportunities to restart their lives.

For more information on SPS prison officers, please see Captain of Lives


Organisation

The Singapore Prison Service (SPS) is a uniformed organisation under the hierarchy of the Ministry of Home Affairs. As a key member of the Home Team, its responsibilities encompass the safe custody, rehabilitation and aftercare of offenders, and preventive education.

SPS is made up of a professional team of uniformed officers as well as civilian staff, including psychologists and counsellors. Since its institutionalisation as a department in 1946, SPS has undergone a marked transformation to remake itself as one of the most progressive, secure, and exemplary prison systems that is recognised and respected internationally, dedicated to the cause of providing secure custody and steering offenders to become law-abiding citizens.

Organisation Structure

SPS currently administers 14 institutions. They make up SPS’s line units and are grouped under four clusters – Cluster A and B which are within the Changi Prison Complex (CPC), Cluster C which includes the Prisons School, and Operations and Security Command (OSC) – to synergise services and enhance operational efficiency.

SPS has seven staff divisions - Operations, Staff Development, Corporate Services, Rehabilitation & Reintegration, Strategic Planning & Research, Intelligence, and Psychological & Correctional Rehabilitation Division (PCRD) – that comprise 29 staff units; as well as three standalone units, namely, Corporate Communications & Relations, Provost, and Staff Inspectorate.

Click here to view the Singapore Prison Service organisation chart.


In popular culture

Fictional television programs

  • Behind Bars (铁狱雷霆), 1991


See also

External links


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Singapore Prison Service, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Colonies Chris Search for "Singapore Prison Service" on Google
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ms:Perkhidmatan Penjara Singapura
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Singapore Prison Service, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Grammarxxx Search for "Singapore Prison Service" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "Singapore Prison Service"
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