Sheikh Sayid muhammed sadiq lived from 1897to 19 77. He was born in a village called Goggam, Tahuladare district, 56 km, southeast of Dessie,the capital of South wollo, Ethiopia. He was born to a pious and scholarly family in 1897 to this father Sheikh muhammed sadiq (1842–1901)and his mother Zamzam Sayid.Sheikh Sayid's father was a well-known teacher. Many students used to gather at his teaching center at Goggam, wallo. Despite their ethnic diversity, Sheikh muhammed Sadiq's students lived together in love and peace. According to the MS of Sheikh muhammed Tajudin (303f.)Sheikh muhammed Sadiq had 500 students at a time ; other informants make the number 800. According to one of my informants, Sheikh Ali muhammed, eighty famous teachers respected Sheikh Muhammed Sadiq . He was a recognized leader . Thirty thousand people attended his funeral procession (Sheikh Sayid 2001: 426 Hijiri calander).
As a child ,Sheikh Sayid learned to read and pronounce the Qur'an , tutored by Sheikh Hamza Nuzeile of Halapu, a billage near Bati. He studied the Shafi'i school , the predominant school of Islamic jurisprudence both in Ethiopia and abroad. Accordingto oral sources, he studied under the tutelage of his father the fiqh of al-shafi'i up to the fourth text of its traditional series, that is,'umdal as-salik wa uddatu an-nasik', in the only parented book by sunder under his father, as there is no reference to his studies. It notes that he learned fiqh 'Islamic jurisprudence' up to minihag al -aliban under the martyred sheikh, Haggi Qarraq. Upon the completion of his study of fiqh, the young Sheik Sayid continued to study various Islamic and Arabic disciplines under notable scholars .In general , Sheikh Sayid grew up in an environment that was favorable to the cultivation of religious fervor and knowledge.
Concerning the secular and formal educational back ground of Sheikh Sayid, the researcher has not come across any precise text. The only indication is a certificate issued by the Ministry of Education and Fine Arts for attending a Summer Course for teacher held from 3 July-2 August 1950 in Dessie. He had a good knowledge of geography and politics, as is clear from his writings. Sheikh Sayid's literary mastery of the Amharic language can be observed from his great contribution in the translation of the holy Qur'an into Amharic. Haggi Basar DAwud, a member of the translation committee, testifies, "I think the work couldn't have been done if Sheikh Sayid had not been in the group" (Abdurrahman 2004;47).Sheikh Sayid's literary competence in Amharic was the result of personal commitment, according to Asma, his daughter.
Sheikh Sayid had a keen interest in documentation. Most of the books he read bear his name and signature , including the price. He made copies of the notes and letters he wrote (including personal ones). Though many informants confirm that Sheikh Sayid spent his life writing and reading and preserved his works in his private library, the laps of time and carelessness as well as lack of consciousness about the value of his legacy, have caused many of them to disappear. Sheikh Sayid was the author of letters, articles, MSS of considerable size and a book, on topics ranging from religion to politics and science. Most of his works are in the custody of his family, unpublished listing. According to Gori(2005:84),Sheikh Sayid begaan his teaching service in 1934and served until 1937 at he school estavlished by the Nadi al -islami 'islamic Concord Association 'in Adis ababa .According to an Egyptian newspaper Al-s'diq,30Agust 1934, the school began teaching Muslim children in build its own school. Sheikh Sayid also served as a teacher in Dessie (Arabic,Fundamentals of Islam,Mathematics, Geography )from 1943 to 1958 in a mosque school reestablished and administered by him in Dessie.
Sheikh Sayid made the Hajj 'pilgrimage' in 1960. According to his daughter, Asma Sayid, he was denied permission to go to Mecca for a second pilgrimage by the goverment authourities in 1977, after completing all the necessary travel formalities. Greatly disappointed by the incident, he remained in bed for four month cared for by his daughter at her residence around Chaw Berend Adis Ababa . He setoff for Dessie conscious of his end. Although he wanted to be buried in his family cemetery , he set aside his wish in order not to trouble his beloved daughters and wife with the long journey to Gojjam (of wollo ). His only son was studying in Russia at the time. Sheikh Sayid breathed his last on Monday the 14th of February1977. At the age of 80 and was buried in the muslim cemetery of kadjo, the land allocated by the imperial government to support the administrative costs of his school shewa ber Mosque, As specified in his will, the following epitaph is carved on his gravestone : "OH! THOSE WHO STAND BY OUR GRAVE, DO NOT BE SURPRISED BY OUR FATE, YESTERDAY WE WERE LIKE YOU, TOMORROW YOU WILL BE LIKE US".
MSC thesis by Dr. Idris Mohammed , Addis Abeba University
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