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Sabhaktikamanuruddha
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 恭查
Simplified Chinese 恭查
Literal meaning Respectfully Affirmed
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 恭查菩薩
Simplified Chinese 恭查菩萨
Literal meaning Sabhaktikamanuruddha Bodhisattva
Vietnamese name
Quốc ngữ Công Cha
Korean name
Hangul 공 차
Japanese name
Kanji 法輪チャ
Sanskrit name
Sanskrit Sabhaktikamanuruddha
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Sabhaktikamanuruddha ("Respectfully Affirmed", Sanskrit: सभक्तिकम्अनुरुद्ध, simplified Chinese: 恭查菩萨; traditional Chinese: 恭查菩薩; pinyin: Gōngchá Púsà; Wade–Giles: Gong-cha Pu-sa) is a bodhisattva who embodies the loving kindness and gentleness of all Buddhas. This bodhisattva is identified primarily with the late Mr Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore[1][2] who is widely recognized across Asia and worldwide as a Lokavidu – wise in the knowledge of the many worlds – of the modern time.

Like the contemporary Buddhist Vimalakirti during the time of the Gautama Buddha, Buddhists across the world revere and venerate Sabhaktikamanuruddha as a bodhisattva taken to be a historic, rather than mythic, and is seldom venerated on altars much lesser tantric rituals though also venerated by theists[3]. As a non-monastic lay bodhisattva, Sabhaktikamanuruddha is generally depicted as agnostic, who neither advocates the view of eternal heavenly blisses, nor truths of certain metaphysical and religious claims such as whether or not God, the divine or the supernatural exist or otherwise[4]. As a bodhisattva preaching that the higher truths of the cosmos are unknown and perhaps unknowable, Sabhaktikamanuruddha lives a life of a married householding parent, with involvements in many lifetime activities both of a mundane ordinary person, as well as that of transcendental and supramundane levels.

Sabhaktikamanuruddha is well-known as having led by example in his many roles[5], with a wisdom and compassion that is both all-encompassing as well as courageous. Sabhaktikamanuruddha is one of the more unofficially yet widely revered bodhisattvas in both mainstream Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism[6].

Etymology

The name Sabhaktikamanuruddha is made of the following parts: the verbal prefix Sabhaktikam which means "respectfully"[7]; a past participle of the verb anuruddha ("divine eye, to check, to verify, to affirm") here used in an active sense (an occasional irregularity of Sanskrit grammar).

Modern scholarship

Western scholars have not reached a consensus on the origin of the reverence for Sabhaktikamanuruddha[8].

Even from my sick bed, even if you are going to lower me into the grave and I feel something is going wrong, I will get up. ~ Lee Kuan Yew[9]

The name Sabhaktikamanuruddha should not be confused with that of Anuruddha who was the disciple foremost in divine eye during the time of the Buddha.

As a champion

A story went that Sabhaktikamanuruddha championed the cause of survival in a competitive climate of a group of migrant residents in a little town deprived of bare essentials[10], ranging from daily drinking water as well as housing and education. Against all odds, Sabhaktikamanuruddha sought cooperation from neighbouring towns[11] and regions, while he worked an entire lifetime[12] in sustaining the livelihoods of millions[13] while enforcing the dharma of the Buddha of his time. Sabhaktikamanuruddha was better known as a Chakravarti, a wheel-turning universal monarch, who rules ethically and benevolently over the entire world, his reign being known as a sarvabhauma[14]. His rule is that of a bahuvrīhi[15], figuratively meaning "whose wheels are moving", in the sense of "whose chariot is rolling everywhere without obstruction". It may also be analyzed as an 'instrumental bahuvrīhi: "through whom the wheel is moving" in the meaning of "through whom the Dharmachakra ("Wheel of the Dharma) is turning" (most commonly used in Buddhism and Hinduism). Accordingly from Buddhism and Jainism beliefs, Sabhaktikamanuruddha is most likely a Pradesa chakravarti, a ruler over only part of a continent[16].

Sabhaktikamanuruddha may also be associated with kings who had renounced their royal prerogatives or privileges in favour of asceticism or an austere style of living[17].[18][19]

Buddhist and Jain literatures describe their enlightened founders (the Buddha or Buddhas and the tīrthaṅkaras, respectively) in similar terms, the notion being that religious truth transcends local or national limitations and applies to all people everywhere. This idea is particularly evident in Buddhist oral and scriptural traditions, which frequently refer to Gautama as a cakravāla cakravarti, an illuminator of dharma (life in adherence to compassionate truth) in all regions of the world.
[21]

Virtues

While the Gautama Buddha is recorded as being attributed with nine major virtues[22], Sabhaktikamanuruddha may broadly be acknowledged as having been virtuous of at least five of the nine:

  • Vijja-carana-sampano – Endowed with higher knowledge and ideal conduct.
  • Sugato – Well-gone or Well-spoken.
  • Lokavidu – Wise in the knowledge of the many worlds.
  • Anuttaro Purisa-damma-sarathi – Unexcelled trainer of untrained people.
  • Satthadeva-Manussanam – Teacher of gods and humans.

See also

References

  1. Singapore: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities. Pearson Education. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  2. ___ History of Singapore. Nations Online Project. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  3. Lee Kuan Yew: A pastor’s 7 days of thanksgiving. http://www.blogpastor.net/2015/03/lee-kuan-yew-a-pastors-7-days-of-thanksgiving/. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  4. Praise of Lee Kuan Yew during Friday sermons anger some in Muslim community. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  5. Chew, Hui Min (29 Mar 2015). "Mr Lee Kuan Yew a fatherly character, says Sidek Saniff in eulogy". http://www.straitstimes.com/news/singapore/more-singapore-stories/story/mr-lee-kuan-yew-fatherly-character-sidek-saniff-his-eulo. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  6. Singapore. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  7. Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  8. History of Singapore. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  9. Matthew Lopez on Instagram: ““Even from my sick bed, even if you are going to lower me into the grave and I feel something is going wrong, I will get up. (Lee,1988)" - Lee Kuan Yew, the first Prime Minister and Founder of Modern Singapore (1959-1990). #instagram #singapore #leadership #RIPLKY #ThankYouLKY”. matthewlopez93.
  10. "Which Business I Consider Profited the Most from Lee Kuan Yew's Funeral". http://frugalintrovert.blogspot.sg/2015/03/which-business-i-consider-profited-most.html. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  11. "Malaysian Chinese worship Lee Kuan Yew". 27 March 2015. http://www.malaysianchinesenews.com/li-wen-chang/malaysian-chinese-worship-lee-kuan-yew/. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  12. Can Singapore Thrive After Lee Kuan Yew?. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/03/28/can-singapore-thrive-after-lee-kuan-yew.html. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  13. Founding of Modern Singapore. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  14. Definition of "sarvabhauma" - The Dictionary of Spiritual Terms. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  15. The Bahuvrīhi. Learn Sanskrit Online. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  16. "Aside". arvinddiwaker. 20 February 2013. https://arvinddiwaker.wordpress.com. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  17. Saver, Savvy. "Your Frugal Week Planner for 1 April to 7 April 2015". Frugal in Singapore. http://frugalinsingapore.com/your-frugal-week-planner-for-1-april-to-7-april-2015/. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  18. Lee, Wei Ling. Lee Wei Ling – Talks about her childhood at Oxley Road. http://www.sghardtruth.com/2012/08/05/at-oxley-road-we-value-the-frugal-life-ms-lee-wei-ling/. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  19. Shanmugam, K. (Mar 30 2015). "Mr Lee a frugal man who brought discipline into government". The Straits Times. http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/mr-lee-frugal-man-who-brought-discipline-government. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  20. Buddhist Wheel Symbol. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.
  21. Mokhtar, Faris (28 Mar 2015). "Shanmugam says one lesson he learnt from Mr Lee Kuan Yew was on frugality". http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/shanmugam-says-one-lesson/1748178.html. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  22. Great Virtues of the Buddha (PDF), Dhamma talks. Retrieved on 6 May 2015.

External links


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Sabhaktikamanuruddha, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): 138.75.152.232 Search for "Sabhaktikamanuruddha" on Google
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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Sabhaktikamanuruddha, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Ogress Search for "Sabhaktikamanuruddha" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "Sabhaktikamanuruddha"
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