The Orchestra Mozart or Orchestra Mozart Bologna is an Italian orchestra based in Bologna.
The orchestra was created by Carlo Maria Badini, as a special project within the Reggia Accademia Filarmonica (Philharmonic Academy) of Bologna. It was funded by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio (Savings Bank Foundation) of Bologna. Claudio Abbado agreed to become Artistic Director of the orchestra and recruit its members. The orchestra gave its first concert on November 4, 2004 in Bologna's Auditorium Manzoni. The orchestra performs in many major Italian cities and in Vienna's Musikverein where it is in residence. The orchestra tours Europe and is invited at the Salzburg Festival.
The orchestra is basically a chamber orchestra, which is sometimes also called a "Mozart orchestra", meaning that it has fewer musicians than a full-blown symphony orchestra, especially in the strings (the numbers of woodwind and horn players being less flexible), producing lighter, chamber-music-like sound. However, the number of musicians can exceed this format: in June 2012 concerts, the orchestra played Beethoven's Egmont overture and Robert Schumann's piano concerto and second symphony with 14 first violins, 12 second violins, 10 violas, 8 cellos and 5 basses.
The orchestra acts as a meeting-place for young musicians from many countries, partly selected through the Orchestra Mozart Academy within the Philharmonic Academy, and experienced musicians. The latter have included violinist Giuliano Carmignola, violists Wolfram Christ and Diemut Poppen, bass player Alois Posch, oboist Lucas Macias Navarro, flutist Jacques Zoon, horn player Alessio Allegrini.
Diego Matheuz is Principal Guest Conductor of the Orchestra Mozart.
The orchestra conducted by Claudio Abbado is featured on several Deutsche Grammophon CDs, mainly of Mozart compositions. Although Deutsche Grammophon have chosen to release Abbado's recordings with the orchestra on its "period" imprint Archiv, the orchestra does not play on period instruments.
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