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Non-geographic numbers (NGNs) are telephone numbers not assigned to a geographic location in UK, after around 2006, primarily to benefit mobile users and companies. The owner may forward their NGN to any other NGN, geographic, mobile, or international location. Costs depend on the call origin, not destination.

Services according to prefix

Hundreds of UK companies offer NGNs for sale or rent. Some also offer switchboard and call center equipment in a package. Different prefixes have different costs for user and caller. Many prefixes allow revenue share by charging the caller a "premium". Revenue share is banned on several prefixes, including 03, 0870 and 070.

Numbers starting 090 and 091 are Premium Rate Services (PRS), generally the highest costs, and heavily regulated by Phonepay Plus. "Adult" services must use 098; 0908 and 0909 also carry these services.

Numbers which begin 084 and 087 generally cost more than calling an 01 or 02 geographic number from a landline, are rarely included in "inclusive" minutes call packages, and cost up to 41 pence per minute from mobiles. The price for calling 084 and 087 numbers includes a small "premium". This premium is passed on from the callers telecom company to the called-party telecoms company who in turn may either pass part of it on to the called party or use it to offset the costs of supplying their service.

Law forbids calling 084 and 087 numbers as "local rate", "lo-call" or "national rate" as these terms ceased to have any meaning in the UK in 2006. At that time, discounted "per minute" costs for local calls were scrapped and most providers started offering packages that gave free calls to 01 and 02 numbers anywhere in the country. Within a few years, packages became the standard offering.

The use of non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom has been a major cause of bill shock. Pollster YouGov found that 49% of mobile users have been surprised to see how much they have been charged for calling non-geographic numbers and 90% believe organisations should make the cost of these calls clearer.[1] According to Ofcom,[2] UK consumers paid around £1.9 billion for calls to non-geographic numbers in 2009.

Introduced in 2006, numbers which begin 03 are, by law, charged at the same rate as 01 and 02 numbers whether you call from a landline or from a mobile, and are included in "inclusive" minutes call packages. This means that from most landlines and from contract mobiles, calls to 03 numbers are effectively "free" (up to the end of the inclusive minutes allowance). In 2013, the Consumer Rights Directive will make it illegal to use "numbers that cost more than the basic rate" for customer services and complaints. Many current users of 084 and 087 numbers will have to move to their 034 and 037 equivalents or to 01 and 02 geographic numbers.

After sustained abuse and various scams, telephone numbers beginning 070, 0871, 0872 and 0873 came under the strict regulation of Phonepay Plus, the premium rate services regulator, in 2009, joining the existing regulatory system for 09 and 118 numbers.

Numbers beginning 0500 or 080 are free to call from a landline, but usually cost up to about 25 pence per minute from mobiles. There are proposals to make these calls free from mobiles in the future but this cannot happen until the "mobile termination rate" is reduced to be on a par with that levied for calls to 01 and 02 numbers.

Following their success in TV voting on shows like BBC One's The Voice UK,[3] voice short codes are now being used as an alternative to non-geographic numbers. Voice short codes enable businesses to provide greater transparency on call rates, as the rate is fixed irrespective of which network is being used to make the call.

When advertising an 084 or 087 number, current rules state there must be a warning that calls may cost more than geographic rates. Most of the companies complying with the rules simply show the cost of calling from a BT landline and add the words "other providers and mobile operators may charge more". However, ever since the telecoms market was opened up to competition, price caps have applied to BT call pricing. At present, it is true to say that most other providers "will", not "may", charge more. Additionally, with less than one-third of landline calls now originating from BT phone lines, BT prices are no longer "typical" of what people are actually paying. In 2013, the way that call prices for 084 and 087 numbers are conveyed may be changing, with the called-party having to declare the level of their "service charge" or "premium", and the callers telecoms company having to state their "access charge".

Prefixes

Prefix Cost info Typical usage
030x, 033x, 034x, 037x 03 numbers must (by law) cost the same as calling 01 and 02 numbers. This applies to all operators (including inclusion in any 'free minutes' from landlines and mobile phones). 030x numbers are for use by Government, Councils, public services, non-profit organisations, and charities.

033x numbers are for use by any organisation.
034x and 037x numbers have been assigned by Ofcom for organisations wishing to migrate from the equivalent 084x and 087x number ranges.

0500 Free from landline.
Varies from mobiles, but generally up to about 25p/min. Calls to specific charities and helplines are free from most mobiles.[4][5][6]
These are older Mercury (now Cable & Wireless Worldwide) 9-digit freephone numbers. Since 1999, no new number ranges beginning 0500 have been allocated. New freefone number ranges begin either 0800 or 0808 with 10 digits. The called party pays for the call.
055, 056 The rates of calling these numbers are generally unknown, although they are charged by BT at around 5p/min. These numbers are generally used by companies that use a VoIP telephony service.
070 Varies but generally a premium rate and never included in call packages. These are premium rate numbers known as 'follow-me' or 'personal' numbers; formally, Personal Numbering Service (PNS). They are controversial as they can be confused for mobile numbers, and therefore the cost of calls to them may not be apparent to callers until they receive their bills. Ofcom looked at moving this range to the 06x range to avoid such confusion[7] but eventually abandoned the idea.

070 numbers no longer permit revenue share and since 2009 have been regulated by Phonepay Plus.

076 Varies, but generally a premium rate and never included in call packages. These are pager or vodafone landline numbers. They are two types:

Fixed call cost pagers (CPP - calling party pays) where the subscriber pays a fixed rate for their service and thus the caller pays a premium fixed rate (some operators charge a fixed rate plus a rate per minute).
Subscription pagers which are cheaper to call and charged at 'regional' rates (their landline equivalents no longer exist). These usually cost slightly more than an equivalent landline call.
These can also be vodafone landline calls, which are charged at or near geographic rate.

074xx, 075xx, 07624, 077xx, 078xx, 079xx Varies, generally up to 20p/min from landlines.
From contract mobiles, these numbers are usable in inclusive minutes.
These are mobile phone numbers. While the exact price to call these from landlines is not generally known, people generally understand that they will have to pay a slight premium to call these numbers.

Calls to Jersey, Guernsey, and Isle of Man mobile telephone numbers may cost more than calls to standard UK mobiles.

0800, 0808 Free from landline.
Varies from mobiles, but generally up to about 25p/min. Calls to specific charities and helplines and to 0808 80 numbers are free from most mobiles.[4][5][6][8]
These are freephone numbers that are free to call from a landline. However, they are charged at a premium rate if phoned from a mobile.

The called party pays for the call. There are proposals to make 080 numbers free to call from mobiles, but this can happen only after the mobile termination rate is lowered to be similar to that for calls to landlines.

0842, 0843, 0844, 0845, 0870, 0871, 0872, 0873 Varies – up to 5p/min (084x) and up to 10p/min (087x) from a BT landline, other landline providers may charge up to 20p/min.
From mobiles, 084x and 087x numbers cost up to 41p/min.

Some 0845 and 0870 calls may be inclusive from some landline calling plans, but are almost never inclusive from mobiles.
0842, 0843, 0844, 0871, 0872 and 0873 numbers are never inclusive in call packages.

Companies, other entities, government departments.

These numbers are premium rate revenue share numbers.
From 2009, revenue share has not been permitted on 0870 numbers.
From some time in 2013/2014 the Consumer Rights Directive will make it illegal to use 084 and 087 numbers for customer service and complaints. Users will have to move to 01, 02 or 03 numbers. Since 2006, the ranges at 034 and 037 have already been reserved for the migration of matching 084 and 087 numbers.
0871, 0872 and 0873 numbers are already regulated by Phonepay Plus. It is likely that 0870 will again become revenue share in 2013/2014, and will also begin to be regulated by Phonepay Plus.
Prices for calling 084 and 087 numbers (and especially 0845 and 0870) from BT landlines are artificially low due to competition price caps applied solely to BT after telecoms deregulation. These price caps end soon.

090x, 091x Premium Rate Services (PRS) (varies). These numbers are Premium Rate Services (PRS) and have many uses - competition lines, chat lines, technical support helplines and order lines. These numbers are regulated by Phonepay Plus.
0908, 0909 Premium Rate Services (PRS) (varies). Sexual entertainment services. These numbers are not available for new allocations. New number ranges begin 098x. These numbers are regulated by Phonepay Plus.
098x Premium Rate Services (PRS) (varies). Sexual entertainment services. These numbers are used for adult services and are regulated by Phonepay Plus.

History of numbers

0845 prefix

0345 xxxxxx numbers were operated by BT and 0645 xxxxxx numbers were provided by Mercury Communications (now Cable & Wireless Worldwide) in the 1980s and 1990s. Both were charged at the same rate as a local call by the respective provider. BT used the brand name "Lo-call" and Mercury used "LocalCall". These numbers were converted to 0845 xxx xxxx as part of the Big Number Change in April 2000. Until 2005, 0845 numbers continued to be charged at the same rate as a geographic call to 01 and 02 numbers within the caller's local call area.

In 2005, telecoms companies scrapped their discount for local geographic calls, instead charging a single nationwide rate for 01 and 02 numbers. With this change, "local rate" had ceased to exist. In 2006, providers started to offer "inclusive" call packages where calls to all 01 and 02 numbers of up to one hour duration are free. Prices for calling 0845 numbers remained roughly the same as before, but since 2006 it has been illegal to describe them as "local rate" or "lo-call" numbers.

0845 numbers offer the called-party the chance to collect a premium of up to 5 pence per minute. Only a very few fixed line telephone companies include 0845 numbers in bundled call allowances. From mobile phones, 0845 numbers cost up to 41 pence per minute. Users of 0845 xxx xxxx numbers can migrate to the equivalent 0345 xxx xxxx number to ensure that landline and mobile callers pay the same as if they had called an 01 or 02 number.

0870 prefix

After the 0990 area code for Ascot was subsumed into the 0344 (Bracknell) area code, 0990 xxxxxx numbers were re-used by BT for their NationalCall service. Mercury Communications (now Cable & Wireless Worldwide) had a similar scheme called AreaCall using 0541 5xxxxx numbers. The call price was tied to the national call price for geographic numbers.

In April 2000 these numbers were converted to 0870 xxx xxxx in the Big Number Change. Other operators (such as Vodafone) also had national rate codes and these were renumbered in a similar way. Until 2005, 0870 numbers continued to be charged at the same rate as a geographic national call to 01 and 02 numbers.

In 2006, providers started to offer "inclusive" call packages where calls to 01 and 02 numbers of up to one hour duration are free. Prices for calling 0870 numbers continued at roughly the same levels as before. However, since most subscribers no longer pay for calls to 01 and 02 numbers, it is illegal to use the term "national rate" to describe the price for calling 0870 numbers.

0870 numbers were revenue share numbers until 2009. Some fixed line telephone companies now include 0870 numbers in bundled call allowances. From mobile phones, 0870 numbers cost up to 41 pence per minute. It is likely that 0870 numbers will return to revenue share status in 2013 and prices when called from landlines will increase again. Users of 0870 xxx xxxx numbers can migrate to the equivalent 0370 xxx xxxx number to ensure that landline and mobile callers pay the same as if they had called an 01 or 02 number.

Revenue sharing

When originally introduced in 1996, calls to 0845 and 0870 numbers from BT and other providers were charged at the same rate as local and national calls respectively. The called party collected a "premium" of up to 5 pence per minute from 0845 numbers and up to 10 pence per minute from 0870 numbers.

Since that time, the telecommunications market in the UK has changed substantially, with BT facing competition from new entrants into the market such as the Post Office and TalkTalk and increasing usage of mobile phones. As a result of this, and the introduction of monthly price plans which include calls to national 01 and 02 numbers but not 0845, 0870 or other non-geographic numbers, it is often considerably more expensive to call a non-geographic number than to call 01 and 02 numbers.

0845 numbers continue to provide revenue share and are rarely usable within inclusive minutes from landlines.

Since 2009, 0870 numbers no longer have a revenue share arrangement and some fixed line providers now allow 0870 numbers to be used within inclusive minutes.

From mobile telephones, 0845 and 0870 calls cost up to 41 pence per minute and are not included in call packages.


0842, 0843 and 0844 prefix

0844 numbers were introduced in 2000. 0843 numbers followed in 2007. 0842 is reserved for future allocations. These have a revenue share arrangement of up to 5 pence per minute. These numbers are never included in call plans and can cost up to 41 pence per minute from mobile telephones.

0871, 0872 and 0873 prefix

0871 numbers were introduced in 2000. 0872 numbers followed in 2007. 0873 is reserved for future allocations. These have a revenue share arrangement of up to 10 pence per minute. These numbers are never included in call plans and can cost up to 41 pence per minute from mobile telephones.

0871, 0872 and 0873 numbers may only be used with a verbal warning about the cost of calling them at the beginning of the call. The usage of these numbers is regulated by Phonepay Plus.

Handling of NGN calls

In the simplest case, the NGN is translated into a regular geographic number. This number is then routed by the exchange in the normal way.

Other routing features include routing by time of day, location of caller, day of week, capacity, etc. For example, calls might be routed to a UK call centre during its hours of operation, but to a call centre in India at other times of day. This would avoid callers having to ring back when the UK call centre was open.

03 prefix information

03 numbers are non-geographic telephone numbers that were announced by UK communications regulator, Ofcom, in February 2007, with allocation starting in March 2007.[9][10] They are formally known as UK-wide numbers and have been introduced as an alternative to 08 numbers, such as 087x and 084x numbers.[9][11]

Call costs

Unlike 08 numbers, 03 numbers cost the same to call as geographic landline numbers (starting 01 and 02), even from a mobile phone.[9] They are also included as part of inclusive call minutes and discount schemes from all major mobile phone and landline operators.[9]

The practice of revenue sharing (where the dialled party receives a share of the cost of the call) is not permitted with 03 numbers (unlike 08 numbers).[9]

Cost comparisons

Number range Mobile call cost[12][13][14]
030x, 033x, 034x, 037x Inclusive or at geographic rate
0800, 0808, 0500 10-25p/min
0844, 0843, 0842 20-55p/min
0845 20-30p/min
0870 20-29p/min
0871, 0872, 0873 35-50p/min

Number ranges

There are a range of numbers available for use by specific people or organisations:[15]

  • 030 numbers (0300 - 0309) - specifically designated for public bodies and not-for-profit organisations.
  • 033 numbers (0330 - 0339) - available for any person, business or organisation.
  • 03 migration numbers (034x, 037x) - only available for migration from an existing 08 number or range (084x and 087x).

Usage

Healthcare

In December 2006, Lord Norman Warner sent a letter to all Primary Care Trust Chief Executives drawing attention to the Central Office of Information guidance on telephone numbering, which suggested that healthcare providers consider adopting an 03 telephone number so that people "do not have to pay over the odds to contact their local services".[16][17]

Since then, there has been much discussion in the media about the use of 0844 numbers in the healthcare sector, mainly due to the costs incurred by people who have to dial these numbers as the primary form of contact with their local healthcare services.[18][19][20][21]

Former Health Secretary Alan Johnson has also publicly advocated the use of 03 numbers.[22] The Secretary of State Andrew Lansley has confirmed in Parliament that GPs should not use 0844 numbers.[23]

Public sector

On 14 October 2008, the Metropolitan Police Service launched its new 0300 non-emergency telephone number: 0300 123 1212.[24] The force joins Durham, Essex, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Northumbria, Staffordshire, Tayside, West Midlands,[25][26] West Mercia,and Surrey constabularies who also now use 03 numbers.

080 and 0500 prefix information

With freephone numbers, the called party pays for the call. Calls to freephone numbers are free only from landlines. From mobiles, they generally cost about 15 to 30 pence per minute. However, certain nominated charities and helplines are free to call from mobiles,[4][5][6][8] as are most of the numbers beginning 0808 80.

There are proposals to make calls to freephone numbers free from mobiles, but this cannot happen until the termination rate for mobile calls has reduced to be similar to that for landline calls.

0845 prefix information

Usage

0845 numbers are typically used by the service departments of businesses and public sector organisations.

For example, suppose a large retail chain has stores throughout the country. It advertises a single phone number (0845). Customers across the country call this one number, but the call could be answered at their local store, according to the origin of the call.[citation needed]

Another use of 0845 is for call-financed services. The owner of the 0845 number in some cases receives income from calls received, with which they can partly or wholly finance their service, or even make a profit. Some dial-up ISPs receive their income in this way, with no need for separate billing of customers.

Charges paid by the caller for 0845 calls are set by each phone company individually. Charges can vary greatly, especially when the call originates from a UK mobile, payphone or a non-UK number. They can often be prohibitively expensive when called from payphones and mobiles because discounts and bundled minutes seldom apply.

Call costs

From UK landlines (does not include payphones, which cost considerably more)

  • The cost of calling an 0845 number is sometimes less than for a geographic 01 or 02 number. However, as 0845 is not generally included in call plans offering inclusive calls (BT is an exception), the 0845 call often ends up costing more.
  • Prices include VAT.
Operator Connection Charge Daytime / per min Evening / per min Weekend / per min Date checked
BT [27] 3.864p 0.978p 0.978p June 2009 * [28]
SkypeOut[29] 3.3p 9.2p 9.2p 9.2p 4 May 2011
Virgin Media[30] 11p 10p 10p 10p 10 May 2010
Vonage[31] 4p 4p 2p 1p 30 Aug 2010

From UK mobiles

  • The charges shown generally apply to calls from pre-paid mobile plans ("pay-as-you-go") with VAT included.
  • The charges may be lower on post-pay ("pay monthly") plans, but can be more expensive on other mobile providers.
  • The monthly minutes (sometimes called free minutes) included in price plans generally do not apply to 0845 numbers, which are charged separately.
Operator Cost/min Date checked
BT Mobile 20p[32] 30 December 2007
3 35p[33] 4 May 2011
O2 20-25p[34] 10 May 2010
Orange 40p[35] 12 April 2010
TalkTalk 35p[36] 30 December 2007
Tesco Mobile 20p[37] 30 December 2007
T-Mobile 40p[38] 26 March 2009
Virgin Mobile 41p[39] 21 July 2010
Vodafone 0842 0843 0844 0845 25p[40] / 20p[41] 30 July 2010
Vodafone 0870 25p[40] / 20p[41] 30 July 2010
Vodafone 0871 0872 0873 35p[40] / 25p[41] 30 July 2010

0870 prefix information

Call costs

From UK landlines (does not include payphones, which cost considerably more)

  • The cost of calling an 0870 number is usually higher than calling a geographic 01 or 02 number. 0870 is not generally included in call plans offering "free national calls". BT however do allow free calls to 0870 numbers at the same times as customers get inclusive calls under their calling plan.
  • Prices include VAT.
Operator Connect Charge Day per min Eve per min Weekend per min Date checked
BT[27] 5.88p/Free 1.47p/Free 5.88p/1.47p/Free 18 Feb 2009 *
SkypeOut[29] 3.3p 12.7p 12.7p 12.7p 4 May 2011
Virgin Media[30] Free Free Free Free 26 Sep 2011
Vonage[31] 2p 1p 1p 20 Aug 2010

- *Depending on calling plan.

From UK mobiles

  • The charges shown generally apply to calls from pre-paid mobile plans ("pay-as-you-go") with VAT included.
  • The charges may be lower on post-pay ("pay monthly") plans, but can be more expensive on other mobile providers.
  • The monthly minutes (sometimes called free minutes) included in price plans generally do not apply to 0870 numbers, which are charged separately.
Operator Cost/min Date checked
BT Mobile tba[32] 30 December 2007
3 35p[33] 4 May 2011
O2 20-25p[34] 10 May 2010
Orange 40p[35] 12 April 2010
TalkTalk 35p[36] 30 December 2007
Tesco Mobile 20p[37] 30 December 2007
T-Mobile 40p[38] 7 January 2011
Virgin Mobile 41p[39] 21 July 2010
Vodafone 25p /20p[42] 30 July 2010

Future

Ofcom originally announced that from February 2008, revenue sharing on the 0870 number range would no longer be allowed, but that a new range of non-geographic numbers would be made available to service providers in the 03 numbers range, known as UK-wide numbers, for organisations that require a national presence, but do not wish to charge premiums to consumers to contact them. Ofcom would permit the higher charges for 0870 numbers to continue provided that there was an announcement before the call (Pre-Call Announcement, or PCA). However, since that announcement Ofcom has changed its decision, because of technical difficulties relating to alarm systems, some of which are life critical[43] and due to strong lobbying and pressure from the Telecoms industry, who stood to lose significant revenue from the change.[citation needed] Ofcom has now postponed any changes to the 0870 number range, apparently because they now intend to move 0870 numbers to the same regime as 0871, 0872, 0873 (PhonepayPlus) as Premium numbers with call queuing permitted[citation needed]. Originally Ofcom had announced that call tariffs for 0870 were going to be the same as for geographic numbers, unless there was a PCA, but now this will not be so for the foreseeable future. The call tariffs and call discounts for 03 numbers will be the same for geographic (01 or 02) numbers. The new 03 numbers code was chosen because it is numerically adjacent to the 01 and 02 numbers.[44]

It remains to be seen which organisations will move to the new 03 numbers and how many will move to 0842, 0843, 0844, 0845 or 0871, 0872, 0873 numbers, as some have already done, to continue to receive premiums with call queuing permitted. Any such move is likely to be delayed until Ofcom have announced their decision on 0870 numbers.

On 30 April 2010, Ofcom announced a new, wide-ranging review of all non-geographic call services.[45]

Article 21 of Directive 2011/83/EU on Consumer Rights[46] states

Member States shall ensure that where the trader operates a telephone line for the purpose of contacting him by telephone in relation to the contract concluded, the consumer, when contacting the trader is not bound to pay more than the basic rate.

This is expected to bring an end to companies operating customer service lines on 084 and 087 prefixes. HM Government intends to enact the directive during 2013, earlier than originally scheduled because of the urgency with which it wishes to enact Article 19 concerning credit and debit card surcharges.[47]

Calling from abroad

When calling from outside the UK, many operators, such as AT&T,[48] CommuniTel,[49] and SkypeOut[29] charge the call as a "Premium Rate Service" or "Mobile call". This means that a call to a non-geographic number from outside the UK is usually significantly more expensive than a call to a UK geographic number plus a non-geographic call within the UK. The extra charge is paid to the UK partner by the non-UK operator and recouped from the caller.

With many pre-paid phonecards, calls to non-geographic numbers are blocked.[50] Either the UK partner does not connect the inbound call or the phonecard provider does not accept the charge levied by the UK operator.

Views on non-geographic numbers

Opposition

Clients are attracted to these numbers because per minute revenue is generated for them from each call, and call queuing is permitted. Call centres may generate very high revenue from high call volumes. Questions have been asked in the British House of Commons about how much money the UK government is receiving from call queuing on non-geographic numbers.[51]

There is increasing consumer opposition to non-geographic numbers due to this revenue sharing, most of all because consumers are increasingly aware that they are being charged for time spent waiting for their call to be answered. (Even more of the public is aware of the huge costs of 09 Premium rate numbers, where prices have to be clearly indicated, and on which call queuing is specifically prohibited.) There has been increasing media coverage[52][53] which has raised awareness of this.

During debates in the House of Commons, a number of Members of Parliament have criticised the use of 0845 numbers to provide access to government services, such as at the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).[54] It is objected that taxpayers are already financing government services via taxation, and in the specific case of DWP that many callers are benefit claimants without much money. The DWP is in the process of migrating from 0845 numbers to 0800 or 03 numbers.[55] In addition the Department of Health is currently undertaking a public consultation on banning 084 numbers in NHS services.[56]

Some consumers have tried to avoid calling non-geographic numbers by instead calling a non-advertised geographic number.[57][58] Local-rate alternatives to non-geographic numbers can often be found through simple online searches on web sites such as saynoto0870.

Support

An organisation may prefer a non-geographic number over a geographic number for several reasons.

  • Communication. The organisation can advertise a single national phone number rather than having different numbers for different regions or times of day. Materials showing the number can be used across the country. Changes to these numbers are rarer than changes in a range of geographic numbers[dubious ].
  • Revenue. The charge paid by the caller finances the forwarding of the call to the appropriate destination. Additionally, if sufficient volume is attained, the organisation receives a share of the call charge. Thus a charge is made to the customer, who may not be aware of it.
    • Call volumes and/or revenue would decrease if the true costs were known to callers, so strategies have been developed to hide them.
      • Misleading descriptions such as "Local Rate" "Lo-call" and "National Rate" are sometimes used, which falsely imply that call costs are the same as local/national calls to 01 or 02 numbers.
      • Numerical association can be applied: 0843 and 0844 numbers look similar to 0845, and most people would assume that they cost no more than 0845 ("local rate") numbers, which is not the case. (Similarly for 0871, 0872, and 0873 numbers, compared with the better known 0870 code.)
  • Routing. The operator can provide tools for managing large volumes of incoming calls. Calls can be routed to call centres in different parts of the country depending on e.g. the origin of the call, the available capacity or the time of day. The caller is less likely to encounter a busy signal and have to re-dial.
  • Mis-selling. Some companies using 08 numbers may be unaware of the true cost of calls made to their 08 numbers, having been sold the system as "based on local rate calls".

Some people and businesses support the use of non-geographic numbers because they believe they are cheaper to call (from all networks). For example, 0500 and 080x numbers are sometimes free for the caller, but the receiver has to pay for the call, and for some callers is much more expensive. The new 03 numbers range is usually the same cost as landline calls, although an intermediate rate maybe charged where the caller is on a tariff that still has local and national rates.

These numbers are most useful in connection with enhanced routing call handling services, and also to enable the same number to be kept if a business's geographical location changes. This can also be achieved using normal geographic numbers, but the initial cost of equipment and ongoing service costs to do this can be higher, and no revenue is returned (unlike 084x and 087x numbers).

References

  1. 08 numbers are putting customers off. Call Centre Focus (2012-06-19). Retrieved on 2012-10-02.
  2. Ofcom (2010-12-16). Simplifying non-geographic numbers (PDF). Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2012-10-02.
  3. "The Voice first to introduce "voice short code" voting". Broadcast. 2012-04-27. http://www.broadcastnow.co.uk/news/broadcasters/the-voice-first-to-introduce-voice-short-code-voting/5041047.article. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Vodafone (2010-10-28). Free-to-caller charity numbers (PDF). Vodafone Limited. Retrieved on 2012-11-11.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 O2. Free numbers. Telefónica UK Limited. Retrieved on 2012-11-11.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Virgin. Freephone numbers and Charity Helplines. Virgin Mobile Telecoms Ltd. Retrieved on 2012-11-11.
  7. Ofcom (2009-02-27). Personal Numbering - Guidance on the acceptable use of 070 numbers. Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2010-10-10.
  8. 8.0 8.1 dwp (2010-01-15). Free mobile calls for benefit claimants starting from 18 January 2010. Department for Work and Pensions. Retrieved on 2012-11-11.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Ofcom (2007-02-13). "Ofcom introduces UK-wide 03 numbers". Office of Communications]]. http://media.ofcom.org.uk/2007/02/13/ofcom-introduces-uk-wide-03-numbers/. Retrieved 2008-08-07. "03 numbers are being introduced as an alternative to chargeable 08 numbers like 0870. Calls to 03 numbers will cost the same as calls to geographic numbers (starting 01 or 02), and be included as part of any inclusive call minutes or discount schemes in the same way as geographic calls." 
  10. BBC News (2007-02-23). "New 03 number for phones proposed". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4743876.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  11. Ofcom. What are 03 numbers?. Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2010-10-10.
  12. Other Call Charges. Call price guide. Vodafone UK. Retrieved on 2008-08-07.
  13. Pay as you go price guide. Price guide for services. Orange (UK). Retrieved on 2010-04-12.
  14. O2. Special Numbers. Calls and services. Telefónica Europe. Retrieved on 2008-08-07.
  15. Ofcom. Form S3 (UK-wide application - numbers starting '03') (PDF). Office of Communication. Archived from the original on 2008-09-10. Retrieved on 2008-08-07. “This form is for use by communication providers, not for end users.”
  16. Warner, Norman (2006-12-19). Use of non-geographical (084) telephone numbers to contact NHS services. Department of Health. http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Lettersandcirculars/Dearcolleagueletters/DH_064287?IdcService=GET_FILE&dID=71906&Rendition=Web. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  17. "Practices encouraged to use new 03 numbers". eHealthInsider (eHealth Media). 2007-01-03. http://www.ehi.co.uk/news/ehi/2382/practices_encouraged_to_use_new_03_numbers. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  18. Rose, David (2007-07-23). "Why it will cost more to phone your GP". The Times (London: Times Newspapers Limited). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/health/article2120932.ece. Retrieved 2008-08-07. [dead link]
  19. Rose, David (2008-05-16). "Hospitals make money on patient phone calls". The Times (London: Times Newspapers Limited). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/health/article3941474.ece. Retrieved 2008-08-07. [dead link]
  20. Tozer, James (2008-03-08). "Patients charged up to 40p a minute to call family doctors". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd). http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-528602/Patients-charged-40p-minute-family-doctors.html. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  21. O'Connor, Gavin (2008-07-13). "The great GP phone rip-off". Wales On Sunday (Northcliffe Media Limited). http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2008/07/13/patients-making-calls-to-book-an-appointment-at-a-surgery-are-being-charged-at-least-five-times-the-normal-rate-through-expensive-phone-lines-91466-21331399/. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  22. "Johnson steps up pressure on 0844 numbers". eHealthInsider (eHealth Media). 2008-03-11. http://www.ehi.co.uk/news/ehi/3545/johnson_steps_up_pressure_on_0844_numbers. Retrieved 2012-08-07. 
  23. Parliament (2012-03-27). 111 Telephone Service. Hansard — Oral Answers to Questions — Health. They Work for You. Retrieved on 2012-04-27.
  24. Metropolitan police. News & Appeals - Metropolitan Police Service. Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime. Retrieved on 2009-01-01.
  25. Contact Us. West Midlands Police Authority. Retrieved on 2009-01-01.
  26. "West Midlands Police change phone number". Coventry Telegraph (Trinity Mirror Midlands Limited). 2010-07-27. http://www.coventrytelegraph.net/news/coventry-news/2010/07/27/west-midlands-police-change-phone-number-92746-26940279/. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  27. 27.0 27.1 BT Price list (pdf)
  28. productsandservices.bt (pdf)
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 SkypeOut Price list
  30. 30.0 30.1 Virgin Media Price list
  31. 31.0 31.1 Vonage Price list
  32. 32.0 32.1 BT Mobile Price list
  33. 33.0 33.1 three.co.uk
  34. 34.0 34.1 O2 Price list
  35. 35.0 35.1 Orange Price list (pdf)
  36. 36.0 36.1 TalkTalk Price list
  37. 37.0 37.1 Tesco Mobile price list
  38. 38.0 38.1 T-Mobile price plan
  39. 39.0 39.1 Virgin Mobile Price list
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Vodafone PAYG price list
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 Vodafone pay monthly price list
  42. Vodafone price list
  43. Ofcom (2007-11-14). Letter to NTS Focus Group (PDF). Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2012-04-25.
  44. Ofcom (2006-07-27). Telephone Numbering - Safeguarding the future of numbers. Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2007-12-29.
  45. Ofcom (2010-04-30). Review of non geographic calls services - Call for Inputs. Office of Communications. Retrieved on 2010-05-26.
  46. EU. Directive 2011/83/EU on Consumer Rights (PDF). European Union. Retrieved on 2011-11-11.
  47. "Government to ban 'rip-off' card surcharges". Which? (Consumers' Association). 2011-12-23. http://www.which.co.uk/news/2011/12/government-to-ban-rip-off-card-surcharges--275388/. Retrieved 2011-12-24. 
  48. AT&T price list
  49. CommuniTel price list
  50. Terms and conditions, Alpha Telecom
  51. Parliament (2003-03-04). Commons debates - Communications Bill (2003). Hansard — House of Commons debates. The Stationery Office. Retrieved on 2010-10-10.
  52. Levene, Tony (2005-03-26). "Calls that are a big earner". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). http://money.guardian.co.uk/phones/story/0,13283,1445767,00.html. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  53. "Your number's up, webmaster tells the 0870 rip-off firms". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers Ltd). 2006-10-05. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-408660/Your-numbers-webmaster-tells-0870-rip-firms.html. Retrieved 2011-06-25. 
  54. Parliament (2007-10-08). Jobcentre Plus (Telecoms Charges). Hansard — Oral Answers to Questions — Work and Pensions. They Work for You. Retrieved on 2007-12-29.
  55. Social Security Advisory Committee (2007-07-04). Telephony in DWP and its agencies: Call costs and equality of customer access (PDF). Occasional Paper No. 3. Retrieved on 2007-12-29.
  56. DoH (2008-12-16). The use of 084 telephone numbers in the NHS. dh.gov.uk. Department of Health. Retrieved on 2011-11-11.
  57. Say no to 0870. SayNoTo0870.com. Retrieved on 2007-12-29. “This site lists many well-known companies, and their equivalent geographic numbers. Alternatives listed for 0800, 0808, 0500, 0843, 0844, 0845, 0870, 0871, 0872 and 0873 numbers.”
  58. Levene, Tony (2005-03-26). "Calls that are a big earner". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media Limited). http://www.guardian.co.uk/money/2005/mar/26/internetphonesbroadband.phones. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 


Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom
Number plan
Number changes
Geographic area codes

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1432  

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1436  

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1439  

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1443  

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1455  

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1456  

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1457  

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1458  

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1460  

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1461  

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1462  

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1463  

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Owain Search for "Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom"
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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): AnEyeSpy Search for "Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "Non-geographic telephone numbers in the United Kingdom"
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