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The Marwats (Pashto: مروت) are a Pashtun Afghan tribe, a branch of the Lohani, located primarily in Lakki Marwat District, parts of DI Khan and some villages of Tank district, located in the south of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Across the Durand line, a smaller number of the Marwats are scattered in parts of Paktika and Ghazni provinces of Afghanistan. The Marwats are also known as Spin Lohani ("White Lohanis"), and are a cousin tribe of Tokhis, Niazis, Hotaks, Surs and Lodis. The Marwats were named for their ancestor Marwat.
The original homeland of the Marwats was Katawaz (کټواز, which is now called Zarghun Shar District) in Afghanistan, but when they came into dispute with the Sulaimankhel Afghans, they were exiled. So the Marwats migrated eastwards to Daman (present day Tank) and Pezu, and succeeded to push the Niaziz eastwards towards Isakhel. The Marwats were settled in Daman during the Lodi period. During the Afghan Sur Empire, Khawas Khan Marwat was a famous Marwat General. However, due to disputes with the local Katti Khels and Gandapurs, the Marwats were forced to migrate to Lakki Marwat. There is a hill in Katawaz still called Marwati, which the Marwats formerly inhabited.
The Marwats are known for their war ballads.
The tribe formerly had a custom of redistributing land every generation according to the principle of khula vesh (by mouths), by which every inhabitant, including unborn children, received an equal share. This system was abandoned by unanimous vote after the last redistrubution in 1905.
- Musakhel (clans: Takhtikhel, Januzai and Passani)
- Achukhel (clans: Begukhel, Isakkhel, Ahmadkhel etc.)
- Khudakhel (clans: Skanderkhel, Mamakhel etc.)
- Bahram (clans: Umer Khan Khel and Totazai; subclans: Tajazai, Dalkhozai, Landiwa, Tapi and Ghaznikhel)
- Besides these, Abadkhel Sayeds, Machinkhel, Sarhang Niazis and Mulakhel also live among the Marwats.
- Anwar Kamal Khan, a former senator and a former member of the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
- Anwar Saifullah Khan, currently a member of the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and formerly a federal minister
- Irfanullah Khan Marwat, a former provincial minister in Sindh
- Khan Habibullah Khan was a justice of West Pakistan High Court, first Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan, and briefly acting President of Pakistan
- Khawas Khan Marwat, a famous general during the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri's reign
- Mir Nawaz Khan Marwat, a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a former federal minister
- Salim Saifullah Khan, currently a senator, and formerly a federal and provincial minister
- Shah Nawaz Khan, a former Chief Justice of the North-West Frontier Province and a former Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "War Ballads of West Pakistan". The Pakistan Review (Ferozsons) 19: 10–11. 1971. ISSN 0031-0077.
- ↑ Mohmand, Sher Muhammad, The Marwats. p. 50-53
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Akram Khan Marwat. Lakki Marwat. Khyber.ORG.
- ↑ O'Dwyer, Michael (1925). India as I Knew it: 1885-1925. Constable & Co.. pp. 120–121. OCLC 4799816.
- ↑ "Honour among them". The Economist. 19 December 2006. http://www.economist.com/node/8345531. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- ↑ Walsh, Declan (2010). "Arithmetic on the Frontier". In John Freeman. Granta 112: Pakistan. Granta Books. ISBN 9781905881536.
- Daily Mashriq, Peshawar. 14 January 1993.
- Sher Zaman Taizi, Nara Zheba (The Virile Language), (Nowshera: Kamil Pukhto Adabi Jirgah).
- Olaf Caroe, The Pathans : 550 B.C. – A.D. 1957, (London: Macmillan; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1958). OCLC 32721857.
- Tuffail Ahmad Khan, Bannu Tareekh Kay Ayeenay Main, (Tahi Kulachni Publishers, 1979).
- Insaf weekly magazine (Urdu), Peshawar. 11 July 1955.
- Gul Ayub Saifi, Bannu Au Da Waziristan Tareekh, (Bannu, Nazir Medical Store, Lakki Gate. 1969).
- Solayman Haïm, Haīm's one-volume English-Persian dictionary. (Tehran, Farhang Moäser, 1984). OCLC 11873450
- Syed Chiragh Hussain, Dood-e-Chiragh. (DI Khan. Ishrat Art Press. 1980)
- Parvez Ahmad Khan, "The Bannu Valley (A Perspective)", Pakistan, vol. 15 & 16. (Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, 1987)
- Syed Bahadur Shah Zafar Kaka Khel, Pashtun Tareekh Kay Ayeenay Main (Translation from Pashto by Syed Anwarul Haq Jeelani). (Peshawar. University Book Agency. 1964)
- Denzil Ibbetson, Edward Maclagan, Lesser known tribes of N W India and Pakistan (Delhi: Amar Prakashan. 1991). OCLC 28572305.
- M. J. Siyal Mohmand, Da Pukhtano Da Qabilo Shajare. (Peshawar. University book Agency, 1986)
- Government of North-West Frontier Province. Gazetteer of Bannu District (1883–84). (Lahore. Sang-e-Meel. 1989)
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