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Literature review In the case of a revolution, which is widely popularized by post, article and other literature means; it is almost impossible to enlist all of this kind. Every pulses of this movement were followed by comments and analyzing from the various corner of world with high sensational news. From very beginning, communication and information world warmly welcomed the new intention to transfer from nominal democracy to real democracy. Marc Lynch, referring to his article in Foreign Policy, christened this new movement in Middle East and North Africa Arab spring. Wayil Ganem of Egypt utilized very cunningly new opportunities granted by internet giant, Google and started new blog to promote the advance of his coherts in this field. Even though literature woks, which will deal with jasmine revolution deeply is yet to be published, new readings and analyzes about this move is differently oriented and posses the ideas of publishers. “Arab spring: and end of post colonialism” of celebrated new writer Hameed Dabashi, is one of good work done in the wake of this great saga. This book points out the disadvantages of post colonial period, which came to an end in Arab spring and highlights the new rays hope hailing from Jasmine revolution. “The Arab awakening” of Tariq Ramadan lights to the importance of this watershed in post modern Islamic history.[1] Anticipation of new change in the political sphere of Middle East pervades throughout the work and he portrays the importance of Islam as well as vital role of divine religion in the new insurgency of Middle East. He hopefully monitor the new nimble of Arab towards the gaining of lost prestige. He also tries to redefine political equation of new Middle East political order. He provides new approach and concept towards media, society, feminism, youth, culture, secularism, Islamism, multi culture, oreintalism etc… Ahdaf Suif, prominent female writer of Egypt, wrote new book about the revolution and titled it “Cairo: My city, our revolution”.[2] In this work, she explains the role of liberalism, secularism, Islamism and feminism in the historical revolution. She skillfully animates the still photos of eighteen days, which was announced by ‘April-6’, an organization in the protest front. She initiates the book by rejecting the news that transition of power to army is the end of Arab spring. She defined revolution as endless process which will function as headache for upcoming autocrats in the soil of Egypt. Wayil Ganem excluded his protest in the new measures adopted by the Hosni Mubarak regime to curb the spread of insurgency through the internet, by writing a book that entitled “Revolution 2.0- The power of people is greater than the people in power Guardian books of London published new book named as “The Arab spring, rebellion revolution and the new world order” and edited by Jobbi Manhai. The book covers the main incident during the period of December 2010 to December 2011. It is written in the pattern of a script based on the articles published in Guardian News paper. The book excludes the exclamation on greatest demonstration emerged in Arab world. It includes the articles of prominent personalities like Tavaqul Kirman, peace laurite, Hilary Clinton etc… Marvan Bishar, political expert of Al Jazeera wrote a new book dealing with every pulses of the revolution and entitled as “The Invisible Arab- the Promises and Poesy of Arab Revolution”. Ala Al Aswan, celebrated think tank, published his thoughts in the form of book and christened it as “On the state of Egypt”. It conveys inexhaustible power for the lakhs, who gathered in Tahriri square. There are many paper presentations in this sage such as “On the Jasmine Revolution Tunisia’s political economy exemplifies a region in transition” of Fadhel Kaboub, an assistant professor of economics at Denison University. He says in this presentation “the protesters’ demands in what has been dubbed the “Jasmine Revolution” were very straightforward: jobs, freedom, and dignity” and points out the financial status which led to new saga. He proves that economic instability and imbalance was the main reason for this outrages. “Tunisia: Jasmine Revolution Bears Fruit”, written by Afro Asian is another paper done in this subject. It deals deeply with the impact of Arab spring from beginning to end in Tunisia especially and Arab world in general. “Ahead of the Curve Tunisia’s “Jasmine Revolution” by Daniel Zisenwine, is one of best work done in this field which meet the need of readers and satisfy the thirst of spectators. It bring some speculation into the paper for instance he writes “If that happens, it will be difficult to consider the “Jasmine Revolution” a genuine transformation of public life in Tunisia, at least according to the prevailing theoretical definitions of revolution. “The jasmine revolution and china’s response”, work done by LYE Liang Fook & Courtney FU Rong and submitted on3 June 2011 deals with the China’s, largest communist country of world, immediate response to what emerged in their land adopting the theology of Jasmine revolution. In this work authors reveal the measures taken by Chinese authority to defend the massive outcry as military curb and cyber control as the book says “The Chinese authorities have taken a serious view of these protest calls. The police were out in force at the designated protest venues. They have been quick and decisive in arresting the minuscule few who dared to protest”. In this book, which is designed and prepared well, the measures and moves done by Chinese authority are enlisted one by one. “Tunisia’s Jasmine Revolution: Will Democracy Betray Women?” serious of lectures done by Jan Feldman, Professor of Political Science from The university of Vermont, is also intellectual fruit done in this greatest move. In this lectures, she exclude his speculation over the new turning from prime object of construction of democratic country to the Islam dominated state. “An Arab Revolution?” submitted by K P Fabian, former Indian ambassador to Rome, is the work of that kind done by and India diplomatic. He starts his work by hypothesis about this move as he says “We do not know how the Arab Revolution will end. It might end differently and at different times in different countries. Governments and think tanks are doing their best to understand what has happened and what is in store in the womb of time”. Throughout his work he resembles the new political transaction in Arab region to the Islamic revolution of Iran, which was sponsored and dominated by Islamic dogma. He narrates the history of jasmine revolution from beginning to that date, from Tunisia to Egypt and he sketches before us the scene from the initial stage of revolution in Egypt as he explains “the revolutionary fever spread to Egypt from Tunisia. Many Egyptians carried Tunisian flags to Tahrir Square”. “Tunisian youth: aspirations for their country’s future”, the contribution of International Policy and Leadership Institute (IPLI) on September, 2011, is the pure intellectual work done in this field. The book, which edited by Peter Drahn and Catherine Wurth, portray before us the partciaption of youth in rebuilding their country. There are so many comments from Tunisian young prodigies about their historical fete. The intellectual book brings even the tally of unemployment and also analayze the social context of the country. The book lights to the reason which led to the self immolation of Muhammed Bouzeezi of Tunisia, as it reports “Nonetheless, graduate unemployment is a major issue in the country; 46% of graduates are still unemployed 18 months after receiving their degree and young people represent 70% of the total unemployed population”. This literal work is being set apart from other by its special quality of explanation with suitable quotes from students. “The jasmine revolution” of Mahmoud El-May, petroleum engineer currently involved in petroleum projects and investments in Turkey and son of a diplomat and politician, El-May, is one of notable academic work done in Jasmine revolution. He adopts the pattern of introducing the Arab history for Turkish student then goes to the explanation of this great movement with proving its significance. He starts his work by understanding the ignorant new Turkish generation about the Arab and Islam as he says “based on my discussions with Turkish people, I have noticed that most do not know about the differences between the various Arab countries. The majority sees Tunisia just as any other Arab country from the Middle East”. In this work he brings the style of Arab life and the motivation of these moves to the reality and narrates the whole history with sensational pattern. “Lessons from the Jasmine and Nile Revolutions: Possibilities of Political Transformation in the Middle East?” of Prof. Eva Bellin is academic work in this horizon. He christened the revolution took place in Egypt as Nile revolution, Nile is the fountain of Egyptian prosperity. In this work he excludes his speculation related to the morality of public movement and asks what is sudden reason that brought entire Egyptian to the street, ending their long muteness?. He starts his work by “The Jasmine and Nile revolutions began with the successful mobilization of popular protest. But such mobilization poses a puzzle”. “The Emerging Role of Social Media in Political and Regime Change” of Rita Safranek, deals with the information opportunities that provided by the revolution and also skillfully explain how this new mean helped the Egyptians to find unification. He proves the role of social network in the influencing vibrant and jubilant youth towards Tahrir square. He produces bone fide proves by saying that “The Middle East and North Africa region has one of the most youthful populations in the world, with people under 25 making up between 35-45% of the population in each country. They make up the majority of social media users, including about 17 million Face book users, 25,000 Twitter accounts and 40,000 active blogs, according to the Arab Advisors Group.” In this intellectual work, he briefly explains the origin of social network giant like Face book and Twitter. He also explains how Wail Ganem of Egypth, the google executive, helped the protester to find an umbrella which brought them under single motivation. “Political Transition in Tunisia” of Alexis Arieff, analyst in African affairs, is the work, which provides an authentic description about the political transaction of North African country. He express the concern in the future of post Bin Ali era as he says “Yet despite significant accomplishments since that time, Tunisians today face a wide range of challenges, including economic hardship, disputes over reform priorities, labor unrest, tensions between the privileged coastal region and relatively impoverished interior”. Throughout his work, he looks the future of Islamic dominated country with fear and foretells instability in the political sphere of the nation. He also refers to the new political context emerged very after the Jasmine revolution in the public election as he says “Tunisian Islamists and secularists have grown increasingly polarized since the 2011 uprising. The October 2011 election results confirmed the rise of Al Nahda, a moderate Islamist movement founded in the 1980s by Rachid Ghannouchi and Abdelfattah Mourou”. “The Geopolitical Repercussions of the Tunisian Jasmine Revolution on North Africa”, work done by Lakhdar Ghettas, the notable analyst also analyzes the impact of the Jasmine revolution which started in Tunisia and toppled the Bin Ali regime after the 23 year long autocratic rule. He says in this work, the property of this revolution uncontrollable spread of the news and spontaneous flows of response from the people of all fields. He also focuses on the importance of geographical position of countries and the same political context in the neighboring countries of Tunisia “Jasmine Revolutions”, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper Series submitted by Anupam Chander, the research student in School of Law University of California. The intellectual work starts with common question, Can Face book topple a Pharaoh? Can the Internet help depose dictators and free captive peoples?. He does his best to find suitable answer for this common question. Tunisia's "Jasmine Revolution," Act II of Daniel Zisenwine, is also an intellectual work in this field done with high accuracy. It reveals the influence of the enterprise done by Tunisia in neighbor countries and sketches it as morale booster for pro democratic protesters. “The jasmine revolution and the tourism industry in Tunisia” of Mohamed Becheur, Bachelor of Finance University Paris Dauphine, deals with impact of jasmine revolution in the tourism field. In his dissertation he says “Since the Jasmine Revolution, the Tunisian economy has experienced a severe decline. The tourism industry recorded a decline of 40% in the number of visitors compared to the previous year”. “Dictatorship/Autocracy and Poverty versus Political Rights and Good Governance around the World: The Tunisian Example” By Emeka Umeagbalasi is also one of best work done in the wake of jasmine revolution. In this work he hails the Tunisian work as golden model for the world and lauds the protesters for their service voluntarily. “Tunisia’s Economic Challenges” of Lahcen Achy is also academic production in this field. It was work submitted for the explanation of economic challenges that the post Bin Ali government going to face. Prabodanam, Malayalam weekly published by Jamath Islami wing in Kerala, published a special issue, which collects so many articles dealing with Jasmine revolution. The organization tries their best to claim the credit of this saga by publishing pro revolution articles and also highlights the achievement of Jamath Islami in international level.

References

  1. pomed.org. Retrieved on 2012-12-28.
  2. www.amazon.co.uk. Retrieved on 2012-12-28.
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