, Harold Armstead Covington (born September 14, 1953 in Burlington, North Carolina) is an American white supremacist, political activist and novelist. He advocates the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.[1][2]

Political activities

Covington joined the National Socialist White People's Party while in the U.S. Army in 1972, then moved to South Africa, and later to Rhodesia (now known as Zimbabwe).[3] Covington was a founding member of the Rhodesian White People's Party.[3] He was deported from Rhodesia in 1976, after sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation.[3]

Covington joined the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA) after returning from Rhodesia.[3] In 1980, while leader of the party, he lost a primary election for the Republican nomination for candidates for attorney general of North Carolina.[4] Covington resigned as president of the NSPA in 1981.[5] That same year, Covington alleged a connection between the NSPA and would-be presidential assassin John W. Hinckley. However, law enforcement authorities were never able to corroborate the alleged Hinckley-NSPA connection.[6]

Covington later settled in the United Kingdom for several years, where he made contact with British far-right groups and was involved in setting up the neo-Nazi terror group Combat 18 (C18) in 1992. C18 openly promotes violence and antisemitism, and has adopted some of the features of the American far right.[7]

Upon his second return to the United States, Covington started a new political entity, the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP), which he ran from various locations until settling in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. He launched its website[8] in 1996, and for some time the NSWPP was one of the more active white supremacist presences on the Internet. A dispute over use of the NSWPP's name arose when Matt Koehl, head of the New Order, the direct successor organization of the NSWPP, declared the name was copyrighted by the George Lincoln Rockwell Foundation, Inc.[9] Subsequently, a notice appeared in place of Covington's primary website, barring him from using the term NSWPP in "printed material, electronic messaging and Internet Domain Names." Covington's NSWPP website is now defunct.

Covington has sometimes used the alias "Winston Smith", particularly in his role as head of the NSWPP.[9]

Internet presence

Harold Covington was one of the first neo-Nazis on the Internet, establishing a website as early as 1996.[10] Covington's original site defined National Socialism as "a world view for White People" and listed guiding principles such as "Racial Idealism" and "The Upward Development of the White Race." Covington also lauded George Lincoln Rockwell at length.[10]


Covington is the author of a number of novels.[11] His 1987 book The March Up Country was promoted on the forum of the Dutch political party Nationale Alliantie.

  • The March Up Country
  • The Stars in Their Path: A Novel of Reincarnation
  • Other Voices, Darker Rooms: Eight Grim Tales
  • Dreaming the Iron Dream
  • The Renegade
  • Bonnie Blue Murder: A Civil War Murder Mystery
  • Rose of Honor
  • Revelation 9
  • The Black Flame
  • Fire and Rain
  • A Slow Coming Dark

Northwest novels

Covington's five "Northwest" novels, published between 2003 and 2012, present a fictionalised account of the rise of a future "Northwest American Republic". This nation secedes from the United States, ejects all non-white inhabitants from its territory, and becomes a regional superpower, defeating US attempts to reconquer it.

  • The Hill of the Ravens (2003)
  • A Distant Thunder (2004)
  • A Mighty Fortress (2005)
  • The Brigade (2008)
  • Freedom's Sons (2012)


  1. Brennan Clarke, "Neo-Nazi sympathizer fatally shot by Nanaimo police didn’t fire flare gun, probe told", Toronto Globe and Mail, June 25, 2011
  2. Constitution of Covington's NAR. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Codename Greenkil: The 1979 Greensboro Killings - p.46. Elizabeth Wheaton - via Google books. Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  4. "Nazi Loses in Republican Primary", Reading Eagle, May 7, 1980
  5. N.C.Nazi Chief Quits. The Sumter Daily - via Google News (March 27, 1981). Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  6. Doubts grow over Hinkley's nazi ties. Times-News (Hendersonville, North Carolina) via Google news (April 2, 1981). Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  7. antisem/archive. Institute for Jewish Policy Research - axt'org'uk (September 1998). Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  8. Archive of website.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity, New York University Press 2001, p28. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4
  10. 10.0 10.1 Hate on the Internet:The Anti-Defamation League Perspective - Statement of Anti-Defamation League before the Senate Judiciary Committee. - via Waybackmachine (September 14, 1999). Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  11. Smelly Cheese. Southern Poverty Law Center (Summer 2003). Retrieved on July 23, 2011.

External links

Official sites
Online works
Radio Free Northwest

White nationalism
Foundations and
related topics

Virginia Abernethy · Richard Barrett · Gordon Lee Baum · Louis Beam · Vincent Bertollini · Don Black · Prussian Blue · Richard Girnt Butler · Willis Carto · Craig Cobb · Harold Covington · Ian Davison · David Duke · James Edwards · Samuel T. Francis · Paul Fromm · Erich Gliebe · Joop Glimmerveen · Matt Hale · William Daniel Johnson · Constant Kusters · Kevin Lamb · David Lane · Seppo Lehto · Alex Linder · Olavi Mäenpää · Robert Jay Mathews · Tom Metzger · Robert E. Miles · Merlin Miller · Tim Mudde · Ryan Murdough · Revilo P. Oliver · William Luther Pierce · Thomas Robb · Edgar Steele · Ian Stuart Donaldson · Kevin Alfred Strom · Björn Söder · Jared Taylor · Eugène Terre'Blanche · Clifford Joseph Trahan · Hal Turner · Varg Vikernes · Shaun Walker · Bill White · James Wickstrom · Francis Parker Yockey


National Alliance · National Vanguard · Council of Conservative Citizens · Nationalist Movement · Party of the Swedes · Bloc identitaire · Creativity Alliance · Liberty Lobby · The Order · Aryan Nations · Aryan Guard · Heritage Front · Noua Dreaptă · White Aryan Resistance · Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski · European-American Unity and Rights Organization · Hammerskins · Swedish Resistance Movement · Dutch Peoples-Union · Voorpost · Centre Party '86 · New National Party (Netherlands) · National Alliance (Netherlands) · Redneck Shop · American Third Position Party · NSDAP/AO (1972) · Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging · Blood and Honour · Combat 18 · Vigrid · National Socialist Front · National Socialist Movement of Denmark · British National Party · Bloed, Bodem, Eer en Trouw · Front Comtois · List of white nationalist organizations

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