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Galatasaray Spor Kulübü is a Turkish football club, part of the Galatasaray S.K. multi-sport club of Istanbul. Galatasaray is a major sports club in Turkey, holding 18 Turkish Super League titles and the highest number of Turkish Cups.[1] It is one of the three European clubs to ever achieve a continental quadruple, by winning the UEFA Cup, the UEFA Super Cup, the Turkish Super League Championship and the Turkish Cup in 2000. The club's colors are red and yellow, and their home stadium is the Türk Telekom Arena.

This article describes the evolution of the Galatasaray SK strip over the years.

Crest

File:Old logo of Galatasaray SK.svg

Galatasaray's first emblem was drawn by 333 [School Number] Şevki Ege. This was the figure of a spread-winged eagle with a football in its beak. The eagle was a model emblem that Galatasaray dwelled on in the beginning. But when the name did not attract too much interest, Şevki Ege’s composition was pushed aside. It was replaced by the current design in the 1920s.[2]

Colours

Galatasaray wore red and white colors when founded, then played in dark yellow and dark blue in 1907–1908 season. For a match against the British Royal Navy cruiser HMS Barham football team played in 8 December 1908. Galatasaray finally settled on playing in red and yellow, inspired by the colors of the roses which Gül Baba offered to Sultan Bayezid II.[3]

Ali Sami Yen, the main founder of Galatasaray wrote the following in his diaries: “Our goalkeeper Asım Tevfik, left-forwarder Emin Bülent and right midfielder Ali Sami Yen are commissioned for the task of determining new team colors. “After we have been in and out of several shops, we saw two different elegant-looking wool materials in Fatty Yanko’s store at Bahçekapısı (between Eminönü and Sirkeci in Istanbul, now called Bahçekapı). One of them was quite dark red, resembling the cherry color, and the other a rich yellow with a touch of orange. When the sales clerk made the two fabrics fly together with a twist of his hand they became so bright that it reminded us the beauty of a goldfinch. We thought we were looking at the colors flickering in burning fire. We were picturing the yellow-red flames shining on our team and dreaming that it would take us to victories. Indeed it did.”

They are defined as Pantone colours 1235 (yellow) and 201 (red).[4]

The official Color codes[4]

Color Pantone CMYK color model Hex Code
1235C%0 M%30 Y%100 K%0#FCB514 or #FFB517
<center>201C%0 M%100 Y%65 K%34#A32638 or #B50043

Home kit

Kit left arm.svg
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
<center>Galatasaray's classic home kit</center>

The Galatasaray home kit have always been fundamentally the same since 1908. The traditional shirt of Galatasaray is the 8-piece halved design. This consists of the shirt’s front, back and sleeves being made up of two colours, resulting in the shirt being split into 8 parts. If we look at the Galatasaray shirt, we can see that two same colours are never next to each other within the 8 parts. Two of the same colours are never next to each other. The colours continue in an alternating order: yellow, red. This results in the front of the shirt being the opposite of the back. This alternating colour order of 8 parts creates a complete halved design for the shirt. In the table above we can see the colour order in more detail. (Note: The traditional 8-piece shirt does not consist of details such as collars and sleeve hems. It only consists of the main body and sleeves of the shirt. [5][6]

History of the traditional shirt

File:Galatasaray SK 1914.jpg

The journey of the 8-piece halved design began in 1906. It was the second shirt design Galatasaray wore in their history, and in 1908 when the club’s colours became yellow and red, the famous shirt was born. This would become the look of Galatasaray for around 80 years, until the mid-1980s when sportswear manufacturer Adidas began to provide the shirts. Since 1906, until the arrival of Adidas, all of the halved design shirts worn by Galatasaray were the 8-piece halved design. Regardless of the changes of colour tones, collars, sleeve hems and colour order throughout this time, the 8-piece halved shirt was the main shirt of Galatasaray. Other than a period in the 1990s, the 2005-2006 centenary shirt and the 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 home shirt, it has been almost 25 years Galatasaray has not worn their traditional shirt, which was present throughout the club’s history. During this 25-year period there have been shirts that were unrelated and never seen in the club’s history. In addition to this there have also been incorrect alternative designs of the halved shirt. From the year 1906 to the mid-1980s, Galatasaray’s main shirt was always the traditional design. The most famous look of Galatasaray and longest used shirt, the 8-piece halved was renowned by Metin Oktay. [7][5]

Kit combination

File:Galatasaray SK 1915-1916.JPG

We cannot say the correct kit of Galatasaray only consists of a correctly designed shirt. One of the most important elements that add to the beauty of the kit is the combination of the shorts and socks. Created over a century ago, the true Galatasaray kit combination consists of: the 8-piece halved traditional shirt, white shorts and red socks. After Galatasaray adopted the colours yellow and red in 1908, the team wore white shorts and red socks, and until the 1980s this was the club’s first choice kit. After this point in time the club put aside this historic combination and chose to use an incorrect combination of red shorts and red socks for almost 30 years. In the season 2008-2009 the club began to wear a combination used by their arch rivals, this was white shorts and white socks. Since 1981 to this day, there is a longing to see the team wear the true combination of white shorts and red socks. [5]

Colour order

File:Galatasaray SK 1908-1909.JPG

A subject which is just as important as the shirt design and colour tones is the order of the colours. Where the club emblem is present on the left half of the shirt, this half must be red and the other half yellow. In the past Galatasaray has worn shirts with this order reversed. The latest examples of this are the home shirts worn in seasons 2009-2011 and 2011-2012. In the early days of the club, when a specific design of shirt was not available, an alternative design was used. This scenario resulted in the reverse colour order Galatasaray shirt. These shirts exist in Galatasaray’s history, however they were only worn for a short period of time, therefore the reverse colour order cannot be regarded as the traditional design.

File:Galatasaray SK 1910-1911.jpg

Since the year 1910 Galatasaray worked on establishing the traditional shirt. The 8-piece halved design shirt with the left half being red is the true traditional Galatasaray shirt; therefore a traditional design shirt in a reverse colour order should not be recognised as the true shirt. [5]

Collar and sleeve hems

Some of the most common questions about the traditional shirt are regarding the collar and sleeve hems. The shirt worn by Metin Oktay has a V-neck collar and sleeve hems that are an opposite colour to where they join. These design details were periodic details for the shirts of that season. The very first traditional shirts of Galatasaray had opposite colour collars or an entirely red collar and were without sleeve hems. These are varying periodic details and are not included in the traditional design formula. However altering these minor details such as collars and sleeve hems allow different designs to be produced while maintaining the traditional look, this works well for marketing and is beneficial to the club. [5]

Away kit

Kit left arm.svg
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
<center>Galatasaray's classic away kit</center>

Since 1960–1961[8] the Galatasaray away strip has more often than not been a white shirt, white shorts and white socks with some red and yellow elements at the sleeves or collar. It is also one of the favourite kits every year, because the club won the 2000 UEFA Cup Final in an all white strip. Furthermore Galatasaray SK's first kit (1905–1906) was also white. The first away kit was red shirt with a yellow collar in 1952.[9] For the 1958-1959 season the club had a red shirt with a yellow sash and a yellow one with a red sash. In the 1990s the club wear black or grey shirt as 3rd kit.

Kit history

450px [10]

Sponsorship

Galatasaray have had their kits manufactured and been sponsored by a variety of companies since 1977. Their kits are presently manufactured by the global Nike sportswear brand. That arrangement has been place since 2011, when it replaced previous manufacturer adidas, and will run until 2016 pursuant to an agreement signed in February 2011.[11] The club's principal sponsor is the telecommunications company Türk Telekom. Manufacturer of food products Ülker is the secondary kit sponsor.

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1977–1978 None Volvo / PeReJa
1978–1979 None
1979–1982 Telefunken
1982–1983 MEBan
1983–1985 Telefunken
1985–1986 Adidas Denizcilik Bankası
1986–1991 TürkBank
1991–1992 Umbro ADEC Saat / Show TV
1992–1995 Show TV
1995–1997 Adidas VakıfBank
1997–1998 Bank Ekspres
1998–2000 Marshall
2000–2001 Telsim
2001–2002 Lotto Aria
2002–2004 Umbro
2004–2005 Avea
2005–2009 Adidas
2009–2011 Türk Telekom
2011– Nike

Numbers

History

The first time numbers were used in association football in Turkey was in the 1940s. Numbers were traditionally assigned based on a player's position on the field, with the starting 11 players wearing 1–11, (starting numerically with the goalkeeper wearing number 1), and the substitutes wearing higher numbers.

Persistent squad number

In 2001 Turkish Football Federation (TFF) switched to persistent squad numbers, abandoning the mandatory use of 1–11 for the starting line-up. Persistent squad numbering became standard in the Süper Lig at the start of the 2000–01 season in August, along with names printed above the numbers.

Retired numbers

As of 2012, no number has been retired by Galatasaray.

References

External links


Galatasaray Spor Kulubü
The club
Football teams
Basketball teams
Voleyball teams
Waterpolo teams
Other teams
Facilities
Media and others
Supporters Group
Rivalries
Galatasaray SK Football seasons (109)
1900s-1910s

1899–00 · 1900–01 · 1901–02 · 1902–03 · 1903–041904–05 · 1905–06 · 1906–07 · 1907–08 · 1908–09 · 1909–10 · 1910–11 · 1911–12 · 1912–13 · 1913–14 · 1914–15 · 1915–16 · 1916–17 · 1917–18 · 1918–19

1920s-1930s

1919–20 · 1920–21 · 1921–22 · 1922–23 · 1923–24 · 1924–25 · 1925–26 · 1926–27 · 1927–28 · 1928–29 · 1929–30 · 1930–31 · 1931–32 · 1932–33 · 1933–34 · 1934–35 · 1935–36 · 1936–37 · 1937–38 · 1938–39

1940s-1950s

1939–40 · 1940–41 · 1941–42 · 1942–43 · 1943–44 · 1944–45 · 1945–46 · 1946–47 · 1947–48 · 1948–49 · 1949–50 · 1950–51 · 1951–52 · 1952–53 · 1953–54 · 1954–55 · 1955–56 · 1956–57 · 1957–58 · 1958–59

1960s-1970s

1959–60 · 1960–61 · 1961–62 · 1962–63 · 1963–64 · 1964–65 · 1965–66 · 1966–67 · 1967–68 · 1968–69 · 1969–70 · 1970–71 · 1971–72 · 1972–73 · 1973–74 · 1974–75 · 1975–76 · 1976–77 · 1977–78 · 1978–79

1980s-1990s

1979–80 · 1980–81 · 1981–82 · 1982–83 · 1983–84 · 1984–85 · 1985–86 · 1986–87 · 1987–88 · 1988–89 · 1989–90 · 1990–91 · 1991–92 · 1992–93 · 1993–94 · 1994–95 · 1995–96 · 1996–97 · 1997–98 · 1998–99

2000s-2010s

1999–00 · 2000–01 · 2001–02 · 2002–03 · 2003–04 · 2004–05 · 2005–06 · 2006–07 · 2007–08 · 2008–09 · 2009–10 · 2010–11 · 2011–12 · 2012–13

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Galatasaray SK strip, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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