Throughout history, from the artists in the early civilizations of Egypt, Sumer, Greece, and the Italian Renaissance to the artists of today, artists have relied upon assistants to execute their works. Many successful artists of the past, from Michelangelo and Da Vinci to Andy Warhol, had large studios that employed dozens of artists to create their visions and turn their concepts into reality.[1]

Warhol used photograps taken by others, often taken from newspapers, and got assistants to create silk screen prints, which sell for $100 million and up today. Other influential contemporary artists such as Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst[2] employ assistants to create their sculptures and paintings to their specifications for exhibit and sale,[3] sometimes never interacting with the work directly. Both Koons and Hirst have achieved and currently enjoy record sales in the art world with prices from $25 million up to $100 million for their artwork.[4] Another established artist, Sol Lewitt, has works continuing to be realisd bt other people even though he is now dead. Romain de Tirtoff, known internationally as Erté was a sketch artist and fashion designer who created renderings of fashion models and employed sculptors to recreate them as bronze sculptures for his worldwide gallery market. He only directed the sculptors’ work, without physically manipulating the sculpture medium itself, yet he is known as the sculptor of the originals.


  1. STAN SESSER (3). The Art Assembly Line (English). Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved on 28 May 2012.
  2. Brian Sherwin (8). Artists debate over the use of artist assistants -- where do you stand? (English). FineArtViews. BoldBrush Technology, LLC. Retrieved on 28 May 2012.
  3. Rose Aidin (12). Brush with fame (English). The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved on 28 May 2012.
  4. Adam Sherwin (3). Hirst's army of assistants insults art, says Hockney: Veteran's attack as he joins Order of Merit (English). Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved on 28 May 2012.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Famous artists' assistants, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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