Debate is a discussion of questions involving opposing perspectives. Debate has been practiced in many fields and for many purposes including solving National problems, educational purposes and so forth. The Asian Parliamentary Debate is mostly carried out in Asia, moreover, it is the basics to the World schools debate. For the Asian Parliamentary Debate, there must two teams ,consisting of three speakers each, one in support and the other against, each of which must propose the best way to solve the problem.[1] [2] [4]

Terminology and Regulation


The motion is the first aspect that any debater must know. It is the topic which is being discussed upon. More importantly, it must be not be ambiguous. Also, there are some abbreviations used for the motion, such as, THW (This House Would), THBT (This House Believes That), THS (This House Supports), and THR (This House Regrets). The practical debate starts with THW which normally includes the model, the resolution of the problem. Motions starting with THBT are known as the principle debate which is to be disputed whether or not the principle of the motion is good.[3]


For a normal Asian-Parliament debate, three motions will be given for each team. A veto is the way to choose the only motion to be debated. Two teams prioritize the motions and the motion which has the least priority is omitted. However, if the motion still cannot be decided, both teams decide with a coin-flip.[2]


After the motion-release, 30 minutes of preparation time is given for the normal competition. During the preparation time, the printed materials are sometimes allowed, but electronic devices are strictly prohibited. However, for the final round, more than 30 minutes is usually provided.[2]

Definition and Definition Challenge

Definition of the motion must be clearly defined by the first speaker of a debate. Every single word which may have ambiguous meaning should be clearly defined. If the motion initially defined is unclear or biased the other team can do the definition challenge which is giving the new definition of the motion. The definition can only be challenged if it considers a squirrel definition, contradicts to truism, sets a specific time, or sets unfairly .If the motion is challenged, both teams will have to debate based on two paradigms.[3]

Points of Information

Short interjections which can be questions, comments, or statements are called Points of Information. They are allowed between the first minute and the sixth minute of the speech, but the points of information are not allowed during the reply speech. When a team is delivering speech, the other team can do the point of information by standing up and exclaiming a short interjection. The speaker can decide to accept or reject it. If it is accepted, the point of information can be said. Otherwise, the person making the points of information must sit down.[3]


Each speaker is allowed to speak about 7 minutes for a speech which can be 20 seconds less or more otherwise the speaker will be penalized. However for the reply speech only a 4-minute speech is to be delivered.[5]


An adjudicator is a normal person who judges the debate and basically has general knowledge. The decision of adjudicators is final and usually unbiased.


The technique of characterisation is optional. Characterisation is to explain the main actors of that motion in detail in order to scope the debate.


There are two teams for the debate, namely the Government and the Opposition side, consisting of three members each.

The Government Side

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is responsible for clarifying the motion, stating harms, proposing a model and giving arguments. Also, a good Prime Minister's speech is very constructive.[4]

Deputy Prime Minister

The Deputy Prime Minister must be capable of rebutting, attacking and defending the case,and proposing and analyzing new arguments.[4]

Government Whip

The main responsibility of the whip speakers is to bring up the clash points which are the arguments that were engaged throughout the debate. The Government whip must provide analyses proving that his side is better or the other side is worse. The most important thing for the whip speakers is that they are not allowed to add new matter.

Government Reply

The Government reply can only be one of the constructive speakers who must summarize and come up with the reasons why his side should win the debate.[4]

The Opposition side

Leader of Opposition

The Leader of the Opposition can accept or challenge the definition set up by the Prime Minister. The speech must be very constructive include rebuttals, harms, models, and arguments.[3] [4]

Deputy Leader of Opposition

The speech of the Deputy leader of Opposition is highly similar to that of the deputy Prime Minister which consists of well-analysed rebuttals and arguments.

Opposition Whip

The opposition whip has the same duty as the Government whip, proposing clash points with analytic elaboration convincing that his case is much better. Similarly, the whip speaker is not allowed to add new matter.

Opposition Reply

Only one of the constructive speakers is allowed to do the reply speech. The Opposition reply must sum up the debate and give persuasive reasons why his team should win.

Order of delivering speech

1. Prime Minister

2. Leader of Opposition
3. Deputy Prime Minister
4. Deputy Leader of Opposition
5.Government Whip
6. Opposition Whip
7. Opposition Reply
8. Government Reply [3]

See also



Asian Parliamentary Debate

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