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Dalmatianism refers to the nationalism or patriotism of Dalmatians and Dalmatian culture.[1]

Dalmatian poet Jerolim Kavanjin exhibited Dalmatianism, identifying himself as "Dalmatian" and calling Dalmatia his homeland.[2]

During Dalmatia's incorporation in Austrian Empire, with the Autonomist Party in Dalmatia refusing and opposed plans to incorporate Dalmatia into Croatia; instead it supported an autonomous Dalmatia based on a multicultural association of Dalmatia's ethnic communities: Croats, Serbs, and Italians, united as Dalmatians.[3] The Autonomist Party has been accused of secretly having been a pro-Italian movement due to their defense of the rights of ethnic Italians in Dalmatia.[4] The Autonomist Party did not claim to be an Italian movement, and indicated that it sympathized with a sense of hetereogeneity amongst Dalmatians in opposition to ethnic nationalism.[5] In the 1861 elections, the Autonomists won twenty-seven seats in Dalmatia, while Dalmatia's Croatian nationalist movement, the National Party, won only fourteen seats.[6]

Today the Dalmatian Action party (DA) supports autonomy of Dalmatia within Croatia.[7] The DA supports the creation of a Dalmatian regional government with a legislative assembly, with autonomy over cultural issues involving Dalmatia.[8] It was founded in December 1990.[9] During the Yugoslav Wars, Croatian President Franjo Tuđman accused the DA of being an anti-Croat separatist organization in league with Serb separatists intent on breaking up Croatia, the DA responded to Tuđman's accusation by denying its validity, saying that it was only interested in autonomy, and said that an automous Dalmatia would be a beneficial means to end the civil war with the Krajina Serbs, as Dalmatian autonomy could insure Dalmatian Serbs' autonomy from the central government in Zagreb, as an alternative to Serb autonomy or independence.[10]

See also

  1. When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press, 2006. P. 287.
  2. When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press, 2006. P. 287.
  3. Maura Hametz. In the Name of Italy:Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court. Fordham University Press, 2012.
  4. Maura Hametz. In the Name of Italy:Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court. Fordham University Press, 2012.
  5. Maura Hametz. In the Name of Italy:Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court. Fordham University Press, 2012.
  6. Ivo Goldstein. Croatia: A History. 2nd edition. C. Hurst & Co, 1999, 2001. P. 80.
  7. Robert Stallaerts. Historical Dictionary of Croatia. Plymouth, England, UK: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2010. Pp. 90.
  8. Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. P. 63-64.
  9. Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. P. 63.
  10. Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. P. 63.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Dalmatianism, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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