The Bloody Christmas (Turkish: Kanlı Noel) is the beginning of a military campaign initiated by Greek Cypriots against minority Turkish Cypriots on 20 December 1963 lasting for years. It is the beginning of intercommunal violence in the island.
Turkish Cypriots; Zeki Halil and Cemaliye Emirali were the first victims of the violence. They were killed after their car drove through the Greek quarter of Nicosia. A group of armed Greek civilians stopped the two vehicles upon arrival in the Turkish quarter and ordered ten Turkish Cypriots both cars. These armed civilians duly stepped aside when armed Greek Cypriot Police arrived who fired indiscriminately into the Turkish Cypriots.
Violence started on that night lasted for many years and 364 Turkish Cypriots were killed, a death rate ten times higher than that of Greek Cypriots, who lost 174 Greek Cypriots to die. Some 20000 Turkish Cypriots abandoned their homes.