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Shamkir minaret Qaqarin

Shamkir Tower, which is considered a masterpiece of the architectural school of Arran, in painting of G.Gagarin. XIX century

Architectural school of Arran [1][2] (Azerbaijani: Arran memarlıq məktəbi) – is one of the architectural schools developed in the territory of modern Azerbaijan in medieval ages.

In X-XII centuries, small feudal states appeared in the territory of modern Azerbaijan because of the Caliphate’s weakening. Different architectural schools, among which were observed a similarity of architectural style, appeared at that time: architectural schools of Arran, Nakhchivan, Shirvan-Absheron and also Tabriz, which were developed in the territory of Iranian Azerbaijan.[3]

Masters of architectural schools of Arran built in such cities as Ganja, Barda, Shamkir and Beylagan, which were the main centers of this school. Most of the monuments demolished during an earthquake in 1139, in Ganja, and also during invasions of Mongol occupants in the XII century.

Local peculiarities of the architectural school of Arran formed during erection process of defense constructions, public-cultic and residential buildings. Shamkir tower, which couldn’t reach our days and which was famous for detailed written description of N.Florskiy in the first half of the XIX century in Shamkir and also in paintings of such artist as G.Gagarin and D.Monpere, is considered a masterpiece of the architectural school of Arran.[1]

Remains of number of buildings and constructions were found in consequence of architectural excavations carried out in Ganja and Beylagan. Remains of three bridges dated back to the XII century in the Ganjachay River, residential houses, bathhouses and other objects were found out together with others. These findings give a clear notion about style peculiarities of the architectural school of Arran. A mausoleum of Kutlu Musa of 1314, located in Khachin Turbetli village of Agdam Rayon, is related to the architectural school of Arran for its constructive and artistic peculiarities. Original architecture of the mausoleum gives an idea of interrelation of arts of Muslim and Christian oblasts of Western Asia, the South Caucasus and Anatolia.

Influence of the architectural school of Arran can be stated to Khodaafarin Bridges over the Aras River, related to the architectural school of Nakhchivan.

References

See also

az:Arran memarlıq məktəbi ru:Арранская архитектурная школа

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Architectural school of Arran, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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