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Major General. Abbas Doran (Persian: عباس دوران) (October 22, 1950 Shiraz - July 21, 1982 Baghdad), also spell Dowran or Dooran, Persian: عباس دوران ) was an acclaimed fighter pilot and is regarded as a national hero of Iran. General Doran piloted an F-4 Phantom II in the Imperial Iranian Air Force and the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force. He died in combat actions during the Iran–Iraq War.
Abbas Doran attended the Undergraduate Pilot Training Program at Columbus Air Force Base. He graduated in the autumn of 1972 as a member of Class 73-02.
While serving in the Iranian Air Force, he participated in air strikes against the Iraqi Navy during Operation Morvarid in October 1980. He was valued for planning IRIAF operations missions against Iraqi military with a high rate of success. Claims exist that he helped draft an attack mission against Israel after the IDF invaded south Lebanon in 1982. During the Iran-Iraq war he petitioned Islamic Republic political leaders asking them to stop executing and arresting former Imperial Iranian Air Force pilots.
In 1982, Saddam Hussein offered to host the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement in Baghdad Iraq. The conference was planned to take place at Baghdad’s Al-Rashid Hotel. Iran tried to show that Baghdad was vulnerable to IRIAF air strikes. On July 21, 1982, Doran flew his F-4E Phantom to Baghdad and attacked the Al-Doura refinery in Baghdad. His F-4E was then hit by a Roland 2 SAM. His weapon systems officer ejected from the aircraft and was taken prisoner. In order to canceling the conference and showing Baghdad insecurity, Doran directed his aircraft into the Al-Rashid Hotel. His actions caused the summit to be held in New Delhi instead of Baghdad.
Due to his actions and sacrifice during the war, General Doran became a hero of the IRIAF. Iraq returned Doran's remains to Iran on 21 July 2002.
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