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The 22nd anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 (22周年六四遊行) saw more than 150,000 people gathering in Victoria Park in Hong Kong on 4 June 2011 evening to mark the 22nd anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.[1]

Restrictions are imposed annually on dissidents ahead of the anniversary to limit protests and demonstrations as it is a taboo subject in mainland China.[2][3][4][5]

Background

As the People's Republic of China has publicly embraced the one country, two systems model of governance for Hong Kong, the annual 4 June observance which has become a tradition since 1989 has continued after the transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China.[6] It is the only place on Chinese soil where the event is openly commemorated in any way and on any scale.[7]

Events

On 30 May 2011, more than 1,000 marchers, organised by the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, started a march from Victoria park carrying a replica of the Goddess of Democracy.[8] Organizers of the events estimate that as many as 150,000 people gathered for the The Victoria park candlelight vigil[1] Hong Kong police estimate there were 77,000 people.[9] Legislator Lee Cheuk-yan have expressed dissatisfaction with the police who had cut off lines, closed off subway exits and blocked some entrances to Victoria park even before the event started.[10] This redirection was purposely done before the parks were even full.[11]

There were a total of 53 arrests on charges of assaulting or obstructing police officers.[12] The police have also complained about the citizens causing traffic jams and not obeying protest rules. In one case they found a police baton on a protester who is now suspected of theft.[13]

In Taipei hundreds of people urged the public to support the democracy movement in China and attended a vigil to mark the 22nd anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre.[14]

Responses

Domestic

The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei reportedly said that the people have broad political rights and enjoy the best human rights conditions in the country's history.[15]

International

For the anniversary The Daily Telegraph released the Tiananmen cables sent to them by WikiLeaks. The cables included communications from 3–4 June 1989 between the United States and diplomats present for the events in and around Tiananmen Square. The leaks revealed, among other things, the eyewitness account of a Chilean diplomat that there was actually no mass firing inside Tianamen Square in 1989. According to the cables, soldiers instead fired on protesters outside the center of Beijing.[16][17]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tiananmen Square anniversary draws huge crowds". CBC News. 5 June 2011. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/06/05/world-china-tiananmen-square-anniversary-crackdown.html. 
  2. http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Thousands+Hong+Kong+mark+Tiananmen+crackdown/4886815/story.html
  3. Steger, Isabella; Mozur, Paul (4 June 2011). "Thousands Rally in Hong Kong for Human Rights". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303745304576365371935162988.html. 
  4. http://www.newsday.com/news/tiananmen-anniversary-brings-new-china-detentions-1.2929547
  5. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hlTTL2ucWE4Eu9H-vQwgSjwCI-Kg?docId=85285aabdd254264b7756fccf4dcc2d7
  6. Associated Press (3 June 2010). Hong Kong deports creator of Goddess of Democracy statue, Taipei Times 10 June 2010
  7. AP (2 June 2010), "China cartoon brings reminder of Tiananmen erased", Times of India
  8. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=30&art_id=111540&sid=32550536&con_type=1&d_str=20110530&sear_year=2011
  9. Chan, Billy (June 4, 2011). "Hong Kong Residents Mark Tiananmen Square Anniversary With Vigil". Bloomberg. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-06-04/hong-kong-residents-mark-tiananmen-square-anniversary-with-vigil.html. Retrieved 5 July 2011. 
  10. [1]
  11. http://www.hkdailynews.com.hk/news.php?id=161584
  12. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gAtRYl25_iegpfQnFMeUUXzYC6BQ?docId=CNG.2c277b95162a7eb805d0bd93e154aa2e.2a1
  13. http://www.hkatvnews.com/v3/share_out/_content/2011/06/05/atvnews_150319.html
  14. http://focustaiwan.tw/ShowNews/WebNews_Detail.aspx?Type=aALL&ID=201106040026
  15. Wong, Curtis (3 June 2011). "Tiananmen Square Anniversary: 22 Years Later, China's Pro-Democracy Movement Remains On The Fringe (VIDEO)". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/03/tiananmen-square-anniversary-political-dissidents_n_870954.html. 
  16. "Wikileaks Tiananmen cables". The Daily Telegraph (London). 4 June 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/wikileaks-files/8555896/Wikileaks-Tiananmen-cables.html. 
  17. Moore, Malcolm (4 June 2011). "Wikileaks: no bloodshed inside Tiananmen Square, cables claim". The Daily Telegraph. 


Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
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The Military
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zh:六四事件二十二週年
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