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27th Southeast Asian Games

Motto: "Green, Clean and Friendship"
Nations participating 11
Athletes participating 4730
Events 460 in 37 sports
Opening ceremony 11 December 2013
Closing ceremony 22 December 2013
Officially opened by Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
Athlete's Oath Sandi Oo
Ceremony venue Wunna Theikdi Stadium
Website

27th Southeast Asian Games
27th Southeast Asian Games

The 27th Southeast Asian Games took place in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar,[1] as well as in other main cities, Yangon, Mandalay[2] and Ngwesaung Beach.[3]

The Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF) Council met in Jakarta on 31 May 2010 unanimously agreed to award the Myanmar Olympic Committee the right to host the 27th edition of the games.[4]

Official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010.[5] ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games.[6] Myanmar had already hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, the then capital of Myanmar. For the third time, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.[7][8]

Host

Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand have revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries are ineligible to host this edition.[9][10]

Myanmar held the largest time interval of hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years.[11]

Marketing

File:2013 Southeast Asian Games Logo.png

The map of Myanmar is the origin of the 27th SEA Games Logo. The ball with eleven rings represents the 11 Southeast Asian countries and yellow, green and red are the three national colors represented in Myanmar's National Flag. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy and red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.[12]

Mascots

File:2013 SEA Games mascot.png

The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls which are considered lucky charms in Myanmar tradition. Owl is globally taken as the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms.[12] The owl as official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl is expected to bring forth cooperation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries. The male owl is called Shwe Yoe and female owl is called Ma Moe.[13]

Venues

2013 Southeast Asian Games is located in Burma
Red pog.svg
Yangon
Red pog.svg
Mandalay
Red pog.svg
Naypyidaw
Red pog.svg
Ngwesaung
Host cities

Naypyidaw

Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremony, Athletics)
  • Indoor Stadium (Sepak Takraw, Wushu, Badminton, Karate, Taekwondo, Table Tennis)
  • Futsal Indoor Stadium (Futsal)
  • Boxing Indoor Stadium (Boxing, Muay)
  • Billiard & Snooker Indoor Stadium (Billiard)
  • Aquatic Centre (Diving, Swimming)
  • Equestrain Field (Equestrain)
  • Cycling Field (Cycling - Track)

Zayarthiri Sports Complex

  • Main Stadium (Football)
  • Indoor Stadium (Volleyball, Judo, Vovinam, Pencak Silat, Basketball)
  • Swimming Pool (Water Polo)

Other venues

  • Mount Pleasant (Cycling BMX,cross country, downhill)
  • Ngalike Dam (Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional Boat Race)
  • Road of Leway, Pyinmanar, Tatkon (Cycling - Road)
  • Royal Myanmar Golf Course (Golf)
  • Zabuthiri Hotel (Chess)

Yangon

  • Thuwunna Stadium (Football)
  • Thuwunna Indoor Stadium (Wrestling, Kenpō)
  • Thein Phyu Stadium (Weightlifting)
  • Hockey Field (Field Hockey)
  • North Dagon Shooting Range (Shooting)
  • Myanmar Convention Center (Bodybuilding)

Mandalay

Ngwesaung

  • Ngwesaung Beach (Sailing)

Games

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event hosted since 1969. It was lead with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.

Fireworks displays was made upon the entrance of President Thein Sein into the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organizing Committee, Vice President Nyan Tun declared the Games open with another explosion of colorful fireworks that lit up the night. Torch relay was passed through the hands of six former Myanmar athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.

A showcase of arts and culture about history of Burma was made, with dance performances accompanied the ending of the ceremony.[14]

Closing ceremony

The Games had its closing ceremony held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of “Colorful Garden”, the theme song for the Games and subsequently, “Loyalty of Blood” was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and May Kha Lar. The musical hors d’oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in “Be Peaceful”. President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with a pyrotechnic display.

Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Myanmar tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the “Elephant Dance” which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.

The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognized ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of “Everlasting Myanmar”, depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realizing a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.

Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of “Myanmar” ringing through the stadium.

With the procession complete, Vice President Nyan Tun officially announced the 27th SEA Games concluded, as strobe lights searched the sky and a cornucopia of fireworks exploded over the stadium.

The first SEA Games in Myanmar in 44 years was then finally put to rest with one last volley of fireworks and round of musical performances following the official handing over of SEA Games responsibilities to Singapore, host of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games.[15]

Sports

Myanmar hosted 37 sports, less than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia.[4] Organizers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dancesports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women.[16] Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport.[17] The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.

¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

Participating nations

      Host nation

Country Athletes Officials Reference
IOC Code Name Men Women Total Men Women Total
BRUBrunei Brunei Darussalam
63
9
72
[18][19]
CAMCambodia Cambodia
174
69
243
[20][21]
INAIndonesia Indonesia
393
272
665
221
[22]
LAOLaos Laos
213
130
343
[23]
MASMalaysia Malaysia
347
235
582
242
[24][25]
MYAMyanmar Myanmar
579
411
990
[26]
PHIPhilippines Philippines
133
86
219
114
[27][28]
SINSingapore Singapore
196
114
310
112
[29][30]
THAThailand Thailand
419
327
746
[31][32]
TLSEast Timor Timor-Leste
39
10
49
[33]
VIEVietnam Vietnam
286
225
511
[34][35]
Total
2842
1888
4730

Medal table

Myanmar awarded total 1557 medals; 460 golds, 460 silvers and 637 bronzes to athletes. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in this year's SEA Games.

      Host nation

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand (THA)
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|| 107 || 94 || 81 || 282
2Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar (MYA)
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|| 86 || 62 || 85 || 233
3Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam (VIE)
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|| 73 || 86 || 86 || 245
4Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia (INA)
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|| 65 || 84 || 111 || 260
5Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia (MAS)
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|| 43 || 38 || 77 || 158
6Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore (SIN)
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|| 34 || 29 || 45 || 108
7Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines (PHI)
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|| 29 || 34 || 38 || 101
8Flag of Laos.svg Laos (LAO)
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|| 13 || 17 || 49 || 79
9Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia (CAM)
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|| 8 || 11 || 28 || 47
10Flag of East Timor.svg Timor-Leste (TLS)
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|| 2 || 3 || 5 || 10
11Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei (BRU)
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|| 1 || 1 || 6 || 8
Total461[36]459[37]6111531
Source: First Source, Second Source

Concerns and controversies

Event cut down

  • The inclusion of Chinlone, an indigenous traditional Burmese sport is not sitting well with many nations and the exclusion of Olympic disciplines sports like gymnastics and tennis infuriated quite a few competing nations, and has became one of the controversial issues heading before the 27th Southeast Asian Games.[38]
  • The host nation also included Sittuyin, a traditional Burmese chess, as a traditional chess number along with common chess competition number. Other competing nations were not familiar with this traditional Burmese chess.[38]
  • Due to the reduction of a number of Olympic sports and addition of non-Olympic sports and sports wherein the host country excels, the Philippines decided to send only its top athletes instead of a full-house delegation as in the previous games. The Philippines sent 208 athletes only, the smallest delegation since the 1999 Brunei SEA Games, which its smallest delegation in 14 years.[38]

Controversial decision

  • The 100m freestyle swimming event for women which was held on December 12 was restarted after Thailand protested and appealed for a re-swim. Thailand claimed that its swimmer participating in the sporting event stopped in the middle of the event after hearing the second horn which signaled a false start. The other swimmers did not stop and the race was not interrupted. Pinky Brosas, national head coach of the Philippine national swimming team criticized the organizers for not interrupting the race and noted that the officials did not put down the 50m flag.[39][40]
  • In the kata team event for women, the Vietnamese team has protested the decision of the jurors, which gave the gold medal to the host team (Myamnar). Subsequently, the juror committee had to have a meeting and admitted their mistakes. They released an apology to Vietnamese women kata team for their faults but the decision of juror could not be changed. Vietnamese media called this incident as a "gold medal robbery", which regularly occurs within SEA Games.[41]
  • In the Pencak Silat Men's 55–60 kg, the committee didn't give the gold medal that had to be given to Indonesia after Mohammad Adhan won the final against Ye Kyaw Thu from Myanmar because Myanmar protested the decision of the jurors decision, and even their protest being rejected by the jurors, the committee still keep the medal and instead of cancelling all of Men's 55–60 kg Tarung event result.[42]
  • In the football event for women, the coach of Myanmar women's national football team has vowed to make an official complaint over the alleged lack of expertise of the Indian referee during the team’s SEA Games defeat on penalties to Thailand.[43] Burmese fans were outraged by decisions that disallowed a Burma goal for offside but allowed a contentious goal by Thailand to stand.[44]
  • In the Judo event, Indonesian Judo team refuses one silver and two bronze medals awarded to them as a protest of alleged referee unfairness against host athlete. According to Indonesian Judo team coach, the referee should stop the match when the host athlete locked Indonesian athlete shoulder in illegal foul moves, but the referee decided to overlook it and continue the match resulting in the defeat and injury of Indonesian athlete.[45]

Alleged racial discrimination in sports

  • About a day before the games began, the Burmese authorities deselected two Chin athletes who were gold medallists in national events.[46] Another Chin athlete was also deselected a month previously.[47]

References

  1. Junta Builds Stadium in Bid to Host 2013 SEA Games. Retrieved on 2010-06-03.
  2. Myanmar prepares for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games. Retrieved on 2012-01-05.
  3. "More hotels to open at Ngwe Saung beach for SEA Games in 2013". Xinhua News. 7 November 2012. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/business/2012-11/07/c_131957896.htm. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Myanmar to host 2013 SEA Games. Retrieved on 2010-06-03.
  5. SEA Games updates for 2011, 2013. Retrieved on 2010-06-03.
  6. MYANMAR TO HOST SEA GAMES 2013. Retrieved on 2010-06-03.
  7. We're not hosting SEA Games 2013. Retrieved on 2010-01-13.
  8. Singapore not likely to host 2013 SEA Games. Retrieved on 2009-12-08.[dead link]
  9. http://thitruongvietnam.com.vn/gpmaster.gp-media.thi-truong-viet-nam.gplist.74.gpopen.7517.gpside.1.viet-nam-se-dang-cai-sea-games-2013-.asmx
  10. Burma hopeful of hosting 2013 SEA Games
  11. About. http://www.27seagames2013.com/. Retrieved on 22 December 2013.
  12. 12.0 12.1 27th SEA Games > Myanmar 2013
  13. SEA Games 2013. Retrieved on 2013-06-15.
  14. Myanmar Lights Up The Skies For 27th SEA Games. http://www.27seagames2013.com/.+Retrieved on 12 December 2013.
  15. Good night and good luck, the flame is extinguished on the 27th Games. http://www.27seagames2013.com/.+Retrieved on 27 December 2013.
  16. Satumbaga, Kristel (4 April 2012). "Myanmar Does What Others Do". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/356335/myanmar-does-what-others-do. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  17. "Floorball a demonstration sport in the SEA Games 2013 – 07.02.2013". http://www.floorball.org/news.asp?id_tiedote=3068. 
  18. Athlete List: Brunei. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  19. Yee Chun Leong (1 December 2013). 61 to represent Brunei at Myanmar Games. The Brunei Times. Retrieved on 13 December 2013.
  20. Athlete List: Cambodia. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  21. Over 200 Cambodian athletes to join SEA Games in Myanmar next month
  22. Athlete List: Indonesia. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  23. Athlete List: Laos. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  24. Athlete List: Malaysia. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  25. Sea Games The Best Platform To Expose Young Athletes - CDM. Bernama (4 December 2013). Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved on 13 December 2013.
  26. Athlete List: Myanmar. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  27. Athlete List: Philippines. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  28. Meet your Philippine contingent to the Myanmar SEA Games (10 December 2013). Retrieved on 14 December 2013.
  29. Athlete List: Singapore. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  30. FIRST EVER TRI-CONTINGENT CEREMONY KICKS OFF TEAM SINGAPORE MAJOR GAMES JOURNEY. Singapore Sports Council (18 November 2013). Retrieved on 13 December 2013.
  31. Athlete List: Thailand. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  32. แข่งที่พม่าสะท้อนไทย ‘ศึกซีเกมส์’ กีฬามี ‘มากกว่ากีฬา’ | เดลินิวส์ - อ่านความจริงอ่านเดลินิวส์
  33. Athlete List: Timor-Leste. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  34. Athlete List: Vietnam. Retrieved on 17 December 2013.
  35. Đoàn Thể thao Việt Nam tham dự SEA Games 27 với 519 VĐV
  36. In Athletics Men's 1500m FINAL has 2 Golds Medal.
  37. No Silver Medal in Athletics : Men's 1500m.
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). Cambodia eye record medal haul. The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved on 13 December 13, 2013.
  39. Jasmine Alkhadi PH Swimmer Gold Medalist Nullified | Philippine News
  40. SEA Games: Alkhaldi gold recalled after Thailand protest; re-swim scheduled | Sports | GMA News Online
  41. Trọng tài karatedo thừa nhận VN mất oan HC vàng - VnExpress
  42. Samarinda Pos Online
  43. ZARNI MANN (19 December 2013). "Burma to Complain About Referee in SEA Games Women’s FootballKnockout". The Irrawaddy. http://www.irrawaddy.org/sports/burma-complain-referee-sea-games-womens-footballknockout.html. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  44. SHANGHAI DAILY (19 December 2013). "Myanmar women football also trips out of gold hope". The Shanghai Daily. http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/article_xinhua.aspx?id=188430. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  45. Tim Judo Menolak Ambil Medali (Indonesian). TribunJabar.com (21 December 2013). Retrieved on December 23, 2013.
  46. Chin athletes disappointed over selection process for SEA Games
  47. Chin News

External links


Preceded by
2011
Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia
2013
Naypyidaw, Myanmar
Succeeded by
2015
Singapore
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