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On the night of September 7, 1996, Tupac Shakur was murdered in a drive-by shooting.

Description

Shakur had attended the Mike TysonBruce Seldon boxing match at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada. After leaving the match, one of Knight's associates spotted Orlando "Baby Lane" Anderson, an alleged Crips gang member from Compton, California, in the MGM Grand lobby. Earlier that year, Anderson and a group of Crips had robbed a member of Death Row's entourage in a Foot Locker store. Knight's associate told Shakur, who attacked Anderson. Shakur's entourage, as well as Knight and his followers, assisted in assaulting Anderson. The fight was captured on the hotel's video surveillance. After the brawl, Shakur went with Knight to go to Death Row-owned Club 662 (now known as restaurant/club Seven). He rode in Knight's 1996 black BMW 750iL sedan as part of a larger convoy, including many in Shakur's entourage.[1]

The shooting

At around 11:00–11:05 pm, they were halted on Las Vegas Boulevard by Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department bicycle police for playing the car stereo too loudly and not having license plates. The plates were found in the trunk of Knight's car; the party was released without being fined a few minutes later.[2] At about 11:10 pm, while they were stopped at a red light at Flamingo Road near the intersection of Koval Lane in front of the Maxim Hotel, a vehicle occupied by two women pulled up on their left side. Shakur, who was standing up through the sunroof, exchanged words with the two women, and invited them to go to Club 662.[2] At approximately 11:15 pm, a white, four-door, late-model Cadillac with an unknown number of occupants pulled up to the sedan's right side, rolled down a window, and rapidly fired gunshots at Shakur. He was hit in the chest, pelvis, and his right hand and thigh.[2][3] One of the rounds went into Shakur's right lung.[4] Knight was hit in the head by fragmentation, though it is thought[by whom?] that a bullet grazed him.[5] The bodyguard, Frank Alexander, stated that when he was about to ride along with the rapper in Knight's car, Shakur asked him to drive the car of Shakur's fiancée Kidada Jones instead, in case they needed additional vehicles from Club 662 back to the hotel. The bodyguard reported in his documentary, Before I Wake, that shortly after the assault, one of the convoy's cars drove off after the assailant but he never heard from the occupants.[6]

After arriving on the scene, police and paramedics took Knight and a wounded Shakur to the University Medical Center. According to an interview with the music video director Gobi, while at the hospital, he received news from a Death Row marketing employee that the shooters had called the record label and threatened Shakur.[7] Gobi told the Las Vegas police, but said they claimed to be understaffed.[7] No attackers came.[7] At the hospital, Shakur was heavily sedated, was placed on life support machines, and was ultimately put under a barbiturate-induced coma after repeatedly trying to get out of the bed.[3] While in the critical care unit, on the afternoon of Friday, September 13, 1996, Shakur died of internal bleeding; doctors attempted to revive him but could not stop the hemorrhaging.[3] His mother, Afeni, made the decision to tell the doctors to stop.[4] He was pronounced dead at 4:03 pm (PDT).[3] The official cause of death was noted as respiratory failure and cardiopulmonary arrest in connection with multiple gunshot wounds.[3] Shakur's body was cremated the next day and some of his ashes were later mixed with marijuana and smoked by members of the Outlawz.[8]

Aftermath

In 2002, the LA Times published a story by Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter Chuck Philips, titled "Who Killed Tupac Shakur", based on a yearlong investigation that reconstructed the crime and the events leading up to it. Evidence gathered by the paper indicated that: "the shooting was carried out by a Compton gang called the Southside Crips to avenge the beating of one of its members by Shakur a few hours earlier. Orlando Anderson, the Crip whom Shakur had attacked, fired the fatal shots. Las Vegas police discounted Anderson as a suspect and interviewed him only once, briefly. He was later killed in an unrelated gang shooting." Philips's article also included East Coast rappers including Biggie, Tupac's rival at the time, and several New York criminals.[9]

Notorious B.I.G's role in the murder

Before they died, The Notorious B.I.G. and Anderson denied their role in the murder. In support of their claims, Biggie's family produced computerized invoices suggesting that Biggie was working in a New York City recording studio the night of the drive-by shooting. His manager Wayne Barrow and fellow rapper James "Lil' Cease" Lloyd made public announcements denying Biggie's role in the crime and claimed further that they were both with him in the recording studio during the night of the event.[10]

References

  1. September 1996 Shooting and Death. madeira.hccanet.org. Retrieved on 2010-07-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Tupac Shakur LV Shooting –. Thugz-network.com (September 7, 1996). Retrieved on 2012-01-07.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Tupac Shakur's death certificate details reported by Cathy Scott. Retrieved 2007-10-05.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Detailed information on the fatal shooting at http://www.alleyesonme.com/
  5. Don Killuminati. Don Killuminati. Retrieved on 2012-01-07.
  6. Tupac Shakur: Before I Wake. film.com. Retrieved on 2010-07-28.[dead link]
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Interview with Gobi[dead link] at http://www.hitemup.com/
  8. "Tupac's life after death". Smh.com.au. September 13, 2006. http://www.smh.com.au/news/music/his-life-after-death/2006/09/12/1157826940955.html. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  9. Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". LA Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2002/sep/06/business/fi-tupac6. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  10. Notorious B.I.G.'s Family 'Outraged' By Tupac Article. Streetgangs.com. Retrieved on 2010-07-28.
2Pac
Discography
Studio albums: 2Pacalypse NowStrictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.Thug Life Vol. 1Me Against The WorldAll Eyez on MeThe Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
Posthumously released studio albums R U Still Down? (Remember Me)Still I Rise | Until the End of TimeBetter DayzLoyal to the Game2Pac TBA
Other albums”:- 2Pac's Greatest HitsThe Rose that Grew from Concrete- Nu-Mixx KlazzicsTupac: Resurrection (OST)- 2Pac LiveThe Rose, Vol. 2Live at the House of Blues
Singles: "Brenda's Got a Baby" “If My Homie Calls" - "Trapped" – "I Get Around" – “Keep Ya Head Up”- “Papa’z Song – “Holla If Ya Hear Me” – “Cradle to the Grave” – “Pour Out A Little Liquor” – “Dear Mama”- “Old School” – ”So Many Tears” – “Temptations – “California Love” – “Hit 'Em Up” – “2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted”- “How Do U Want It” – “I Ain't Mad at Cha” – “Life Goes On – “Toss It Up” – “To Live & Die in L.A.” – “Hail Mary” – “Wanted Dead or Alive” – “Made Niggaz”- “I Wonder If Heaven Got a Ghetto” – “Do For Love” – “Changes – “Happy Home” – “Unconditional Love” – “Baby Don’t Cry (Keep Ya Head Up II)” – “Until the End of Time” – “Letter 2 My Unborn” – “Thugz Mansion (7 Remix)” – “Still Ballin (Nitty Remix)” – “Runnin' (Dying to Live)” – “One Day at a Time (Em’s Version)” – “Thugs Get Lonely Too”- “Ghetto Gospel
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