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File:Paavo Nurmi breaks 1,500 m world record.jpg

The 1500-metre run became a standard racing distance in Europe in the late 19th century, perhaps as a metric version of the mile, a popular running distance since at least the 1850s in English-speaking countries.[1]

A distance of 1500 m sometimes is called the "metric mile".

The French had the first important races over the distance, holding their initial championship in 1888. When the Olympic games were revived in 1896, metric distances were run, including the 1500. However, most of the best milers in the world were absent, and the winning time of 4:33 1/5 by Australian Edwin Flack was almost 18 seconds slower than the amateur mile record, despite the fact the mile is 109 metres longer than the 1500 metres.

The 1900 Olympics and 1904 Olympics showed improvements in times run, but it was not until the 1908 Olympics that a meeting of the top milers over the distance took place, and not until the 1912 Olympics that a true world-class race over the distance was run.[2]

The distance has now almost completely replaced the mile in major track meets.

Men (outdoors)

Pre-IAAF

TimeAthleteDatePlace
4:24 3/5 Flag of France.svg J. Borel (FRA) 1892
4:21 Flag of France.svg Fernand Meiers (FRA) 1893-05-28 Paris, France
4:19 4/5 Flag of France.svg Felix Bourdier (FRA) 1894-07-22 Paris, France
4:18 2/5 Flag of France.svg Albin Lermusiaux (FRA) 1895-05-12 Paris, France
4:16 4/5 Flag of France.svg Michel Soalhat (FRA) 1895-05-26 Paris, France
4:15 3/5 Flag of the United States.svg Thomas Conneff (USA) 1895-08-26 New York City, United States
4:10 2/5 Flag of France.svg Albin Lermusiaux (FRA) 1896-06-26 Paris, France
4:09 Flag of the United States.svg John Bray (USA) 1900-05-30 Bayonne
4:06 1/5 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Charles Bennett (GBR) 1900-07-15 Paris, France
4:05 2/5 Flag of the United States.svg James Lightbody (USA) 1904-09-03 St. Louis, United States
3:59 4/5 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harold Wilson (GBR) 1908-05-30 London, England
3:59 1/5 Flag of the United States.svg Abel Kiviat (USA) 1912-05-26 New York City, United States
3:56 4/5 Flag of the United States.svg Abel Kiviat (USA) 1912-06-01 New York City, United States

IAAF era

The first world record in the 1,500 m for men (athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1912.

To June 21, 2009, the IAAF has ratified 38 world records in the event.[3]

TimeAutoAthleteDatePlace
3:55.8 Flag of the United States.svg Abel Kiviat (USA) 1912-06-08 Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
3:54.7 Flag of Sweden.svg John Zander (SWE) 1917-08-05 Stockholm, Sweden
3:52.6 Flag of Finland.svg Paavo Nurmi (FIN) 1924-06-19 Helsinki, Finland
3:51.0 Flag of Germany.svg Otto Peltzer (GER) 1926-09-11 Berlin, Germany
3:49.2 Flag of France.svg Jules Ladoumegue (FRA) 1930-10-05 Paris, France
3:49.2 Flag of Italy.svg Luigi Beccali (ITA) 1933-09-09 Turin, Italy
3:49.0 Flag of Italy.svg Luigi Beccali (ITA) 1933-09-17 Milan, Italy
3:48.8 Flag of the United States.svg Bill Bonthron (USA) 1934-06-30 Milwaukee, United States
3:47.8 Flag of New Zealand.svg Jack Lovelock (NZL) 1936-08-06 Berlin, Germany
3:47.6 Flag of Sweden.svg Gunder Hägg (SWE) 1941-08-10 Stockholm, Sweden
3:45.8 Flag of Sweden.svg Gunder Hägg (SWE) 1942-07-17 Stockholm, Sweden
3:45.0 Flag of Sweden.svg Arne Andersson (SWE) 1943-08-17 Gothenburg, Sweden
3:43.0 Flag of Sweden.svg Gunder Hägg (SWE) 1944-07-07 Gothenburg, Sweden
3:43.0 Flag of Sweden.svg Lennart Strand (SWE) 1947-07-15 Malmö, Sweden
3:43.0 Flag of Germany.svg Werner Lueg (FRG) 1952-06-29 Berlin, Germany
3:42.8+ Flag of the United States.svg Wes Santee (USA) 1954-06-04 Compton, United States
3:41.8+ Flag of Australia.svg John Landy (AUS) 1954-06-21 Turku, Finland
3:40.8 22x20px Sándor Iharos (HUN) 1955-07-28 Helsinki, Finland
3:40.8 22x20px László Tábori (HUN) 1955-09-06 Oslo, Norway
3:40.8 Flag of Denmark.svg Gunnar Nielsen (DEN) 1955-09-06 Oslo, Norway
3:40.6 22x20px István Rózsavölgyi (HUN) 1956-08-03 Tata, Hungary
3:40.2 Flag of Finland.svg Olavi Salsola (FIN) 1957-07-11 Turku, Finland
3:40.2 Flag of Finland.svg Olavi Salonen (FIN) 1957-07-11 Turku, Finland
3:38.1 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg Stanislav Jungwirth (TCH) 1957-07-12 Stará Boleslav, Czechoslovakia
3:36.0 Flag of Australia.svg Herb Elliott (AUS) 1958-08-28 Gothenburg, Sweden
3:35.6 Flag of Australia.svg Herb Elliott (AUS) 1960-09-06 Rome, Italy
3:33.1 Flag of the United States.svg Jim Ryun (USA) 1967-07-08 Los Angeles, United States
3:32.2 3:32.16 Flag of Tanzania.svg Filbert Bayi (TAN) 1974-02-02 Christchurch, New Zealand
3:32.1 3:32.03 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sebastian Coe (GBR) 1979-08-15 Zürich, Switzerland
3:32.1 3:32.09 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Steve Ovett (GBR) 1980-07-15 Oslo, Norway
3:31.4 3:31.36 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Steve Ovett (GBR) 1980-08-27 Koblenz, West Germany
3:31.24 Flag of the United States.svg Sydney Maree (USA) 1983-08-28 Cologne, West Germany
3:30.77 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Steve Ovett (GBR) 1983-09-04 Rieti, Italy
3:29.67 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Steve Cram (GBR) 1985-07-16 Nice, France
3:29.46 Flag of Morocco.svg Saïd Aouita (MAR) 1985-08-23 Berlin, Germany
3:28.86 Flag of Algeria.svg Noureddine Morceli (ALG) 1992-09-06 Rieti, Italy
3:27.37 Flag of Algeria.svg Noureddine Morceli (ALG) 1995-07-12 Nice, France
3:26.00 Flag of Morocco.svg Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 1998-07-14 Rome, Italy

+ - indicates record set during mile race. Ovett's 3:31.36 was initially ratified as 3:31.4 until times to the hundredths were recognized in 1981.[3]

Women (outdoors)

Pre-IAAF

TimeAthlete DatePlace
5:18.2 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Anna Mushkina (URS) 1927-08-19 Moscow, Soviet Union
5:07.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Anna Mushkina (URS) 1934-09-16 Alma-Ata, Soviet Union
5:02.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lydia Freiberg (URS) 1936-07-13 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:47.2 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yevdokiya Vasilyeva (URS) 1936-07-30 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:45.2 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yevdokiya Vasilyeva (URS) 1937-09-13 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:41.8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Anna Zaytseva-Bosenko (URS) 1940-06-10 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:38.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Yevdokiya Vasilyeva (URS) 1944-08-17 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:37.8 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Olga Ovsyannikova (URS) 1946-09-15 Dnepropetrovsk, Soviet Union
4:37.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nina Pletnyova (URS) 1952-08-30 Leningrad, Soviet Union
4:35.4 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Phyllis Perkins (GBR) 1956-05-17 Hornchurch, Great Britain
4:30.0 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Diane Leather (GBR) 1957-05-16 Hornchurch, Great Britain
4:29.7+ Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Diane Leather (GBR) 1957-07-19 London, Great Britain
4:19.0+ Flag of New Zealand.svg Marise Chamberlain (NZL) 1962-12-08 Perth, Australia

IAAF era

The first world record in the 1,500 m for women (athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1967.

To June 21, 2009, the IAAF has ratified 13 world records in the event.[4]

TimeAutoAthleteDatePlace
4:17.3+ Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anne Smith (GBR) 1967-06-03 Chiswick, Great Britain
4:15.6 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Maria Gommers (NED) 1967-10-24 Sittard, Netherlands
4:12.4 Flag of Italy.svg Paola Pigni (ITA) 1969-07-02 Milan, Italy
4:10.7 4:10.77 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jaroslava Jehličková (CZE) 1969-09-20 Athens, Greece
4:09.6 4:09.62 22x20px Karin Burneleit (GDR) 1971-08-15 Helsinki, Finland
4:06.9 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Bragina (URS) 1972-07-18 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:06.5 4:06.47 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Bragina (URS) 1972-09-04 Munich, Germany
4:05.1 4:05.07 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Bragina (URS) 1972-09-07 Munich, Germany
4:01.4 4:01.38 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Bragina (URS) 1972-09-09 Munich, Germany
3:56.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Tatyana Kazankina (URS) 1976-06-28 Podolsk, Soviet Union
3:55.0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Tatyana Kazankina (URS) 1980-07-06 Moscow, Soviet Union
3:52.47 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Tatyana Kazankina (URS) 1980-08-03 Zurich, Switzerland
3:50.46 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Qu Yunxia (CHN) 1993-09-11 Beijing, China
3:50.07 Flag of Ethiopia.svg Genzebe Dibaba (ETH) 2015-07-17 Fontvieille, Monaco[5]

+ - En route time during mile race. The IAAF accepted records to the hundredth of a second starting in 1981.

References

General
Specific
  1. Nelson, Cordner; Quercetani, Roberto (1985). The Milers. p. 14. ISBN 0-911521-15-1. 
  2. Nelson, Cordner; Quercetani, Roberto (1985). The Milers. p. 21. ISBN 0-911521-15-1. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009. (pdf) Pages 546, 549. IAAF Media & Public Relations Department (2009). Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved on August 4, 2009.
  4. 12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009. (pdf) Pages 546, 642. IAAF Media & Public Relations Department (2009). Retrieved on August 4, 2009.
  5. IAAF Diamond League Monaco - 1500m Results. sportresult.com (17 July 2015). Retrieved on 18 July 2015.

Further reading

  • Cordner Nelson and Roberto Quercetani, The Milers, Tafnews Press, 1985,
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Template:Athletics record progressions


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