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The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women (the male counterpart is the 110 metres hurdles). For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 83.8 centimetres (33.0 in) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (Template:Convert/yds). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.

The fastest 100 m hurdlers run the distance in a time of around 12.5 seconds. The world record set by Kendra Harrison stands at 12.20 seconds.

History

File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0531-035, Cornelia Oschkenat, Heike Thoelo, Kerstin Knabe.jpg

The Olympic Games had included the 80 m hurdles in the program from 1932 to 1968. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics the women's race was lengthened to 100 m hurdles.

The hurdles sprint race has been run by women since the beginning of women's athletics, just after the end of World War I. The distances and hurdle heights varied widely in the beginning. While the men had zeroed in on the 110 m hurdles, the International Women's Sport Federation had registered records for eight different disciplines by 1926 (60 yards/75 cm height, 60 yards/61 cm, 65 yards/75 cm, 83 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/61 cm, 120 yards/75 cm, 110 metres/75 cm). At the first Women's World Games in 1922 a 100 m hurdles race was run.

From 1926 until 1968 on only the 80 m distance was run. For the 80 m race women had to clear eight hurdles placed at a distance of 8 metres from each other and a height of 76.2 cm.

Just like with the men's races, until 1935 no more than three hurdles could be knocked over (or the runner was disqualified) and records were only officially registered if the runner had cleared all her hurdles clean. In 1935, this rule was abandoned, and L-shaped hurdles were introduced that fell over forward easily and greatly reduced the risk of injury to the runner. Hurdles are weighted, so when properly set for the height (for women, closer to the fulcrum of the "L"), they serve as a consistent disadvantage to making contact with the barrier.

Comparison of 80 m and 100 m hurdles
Distance Number
of hurdles
Height Distance made up of
Runup Intervals Home stretch
80 m 8 76.2 cm 12 m 8.0 m 12.0 m
100 m 10 83.8 cm 13 m 8.5 m 10.5 m

The 80 m hurdles was on the list of women's sports demanded by the International Women's Sport Federation for the Olympic Summer Games in 1928, but wasn't included as an Olympic discipline until 1932. Starting with 1949 the 80 m hurdles was one of the disciplines included in the women's pentathlon.

During the 1960s some experimental races were run over a distance of 100 metres using hurdles with a height of 76.2 cm. During the 1968 Summer Olympics a decision was made to introduce the 100 m hurdles using hurdles with a height of 84 cm and the first international event in the 100 m hurdles occurred at the European Athletics Championships, which were won by Karin Balzer, GDR. The modern 100 m race has an extra 2 hurdles compared to the 80 m race, which are higher and spaced slightly further apart. The home stretch is shorter by 1.5 m.

Masters athletics

A version of the 100 metres hurdles is also used for 50- to 59-year-old men in Masters athletics. They run the same spacing as women, which coordinates with existing markings on most tracks, but run over 36-inch (0.915 m) hurdles. In the 60-69 age range, the spacings are changed. Women over age 40, men over age 70 run 80 metre versions with different heights and spacings.[1][2]

Milestones

100 m hurdles:

  • First official time registered with hurdles of reduced height (76.2 cm): Pamela Kilborn, AUS, November 26, 1961
  • First official time with hurdles of standard height (83.8 cm): 15.1 seconds, Connie Pettersson, USA, May 28, 1966
  • First official world record: 13.3 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, June 20, 1969
  • First runner under 13 seconds: 12.9 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, September 5, 1969
  • First runner under 12.5 seconds:
  • First runner under 12.3 seconds: 12.29 seconds, Yordanka Donkova BUL, August 17, 1986
  • First country to win gold, silver, and bronze in the women's 100 m hurdles in one Olympics: America (Brianna Rollins, Nia Ali and Kristi Castlin), 2016; this was also the first time American women achieved such a sweep in any Olympic event[3]

Top 25 athletes

Standings as of July 2016 (wind speed, in meters per second, shown in parentheses):

Pos. Time Athlete Country Date Venue Ref
1 12.20 (+0.3) Kendra Harrison Flag of the United States.svg United States 22 July 2016 London [4]
2 12.21 (+0.7) Yordanka Donkova Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 20 August 1988 Stara Zagora
3 12.25 (+1.4) Ginka Zagorcheva Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 8 August 1987 Drama
4 12.26 (+1.7) Ludmila Narozhilenko Flag of Russia.svg Russia 6 June 1992 Seville
12.26 (+1.2) Brianna Rollins Flag of the United States.svg United States 22 June 2013 Des Moines [5]
6 12.28 (+1.1) Sally Pearson Flag of Australia.svg Australia 3 September 2011 Daegu [6]
7 12.33 (−0.3) Gail Devers Flag of the United States.svg United States 23 July 2000 Sacramento
8 12.34 (+1.9) Sharika Nelvis Flag of the United States.svg United States 26 June 2015 Eugene [7]
9 12.35 (+0.9) Jasmin Stowers Flag of the United States.svg United States 15 May 2015 Doha [8]
10 12.36 (+1.9) Grażyna Rabsztyn Flag of Poland.svg Poland
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|| 13 June 1980 || Warsaw ||
11 12.37 (+1.5) Joanna Hayes Flag of the United States.svg United States 24 August 2004 Athens
12.37 (-0.2) Dawn Harper Flag of the United States.svg United States 7 August 2012 London
13 12.39 (+1.5) Vera Komisova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union 5 August 1980 Rome
12.39 (+1.8) Nataliya Grygoryeva Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union 11 July 1991 Kiev
15 12.42 (+1.8) Bettine Jahn East Germany East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
12.42 (+2.0) Anjanette Kirkland Flag of the United States.svg United States 11 August 2001 Edmonton
17 12.43 (-0.9) Lucyna Kalek Flag of Poland.svg Poland
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|| 19 August 1984 || Hannover ||
12.43 (-0.3) Michelle Perry Flag of the United States.svg United States 26 June 2005 Carson
12.43 (+0.6) 11 July 2006 Lausanne
12.43 (+0.2) Lolo Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States 18 August 2008 Beijing
12.43 (+1.2) Queen Harrison Flag of the United States.svg United States 22 June 2013 Des Moines [5]
21 12.44 (-0.5) Gloria Siebert East Germany East Germany 4 September 1987 Rome
12.44 (-0.8) Olga Shishigina Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 27 June 1995 Lucerne
12.44 (+0.4) Glory Alozie Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria 8 August 1998 Monaco
12.44 (0.0) 28 August 1998 Brussels
12.44 (+0.7) 28 August 1999 Seville
12.44 (+0.6) Damu Cherry Flag of the United States.svg United States 7 July 2006 Lausanne
25 12.45 (+1.3) Cornelia Oschkenat East Germany East Germany 11 June 1987 Neubrandenburg
12.45 (+1.4) Brigitte Foster-Hylton Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica 24 May 2003 Eugene
12.45 (+1.5) Olena Krasovska Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine 24 August 2004 Athens
12.45 (+1.4) Virginia Crawford Flag of the United States.svg United States 2 June 2007 New York City

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal times inside 12.35.

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.37.

  • Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR) ran 12.28 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
  • Yordanka Donkova (BUL) ran 12.29 sec (+3.5) in Lausanne, June 24, 1988.
  • Gail Devers (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+2.7) in Eugene, May 26, 2002.
  • Lolo Jones (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+3.8) in Eugene, July 6, 2008.
  • Brianna Rollins ran 12.30 (+2.8) on June 22, and 12.33 (+2.3) on June 21, in Des Moines in 2013.
  • Bettine Jahn (GDR) ran 12.35 sec (+2.4) in Helsinki (World Championship final), August 13, 1983
  • Kellie Wells (USA) ran 12.35 sec (+3.7) in Gainseville, April 16, 2011. Legal best is 12.48 sec in London Olympic final, August 7, 2012.
  • Dawn Harper (USA) ran 12.36 sec (+2.2) in Eugene, Oregon, June 28, 2009.
  • Gloria Siebert (GDR) ran 12.37 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
  • Danielle Carruthers (USA) ran 12.37 sec (+3.4) in Eugene, Oregon, June 26, 2011. Legal best 12.47 sec in 2011.

Most successful athletes

Note: Narozhilenko-Engquist and Pearson are the only 100 metres hurdlers to have become both Olympic Champion and World Champion.

Olympic medalists

Template:Olympic medalists in women's 100 metres hurdles

World championships medalists

Games Gold Silver Bronze
Helsinki 1983 22x20px Bettine Jahn (GDR) 22x20px Kerstin Knabe (GDR) 22x20px Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL)
Rome 1987 22x20px Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL) 22x20px Gloria Uibel (GDR) 22x20px Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR)
Tokyo 1991 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS) Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS)
Stuttgart 1993 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Flag of Russia.svg Marina Azyabina (RUS) Flag of the United States.svg Lynda Tolbert-Goode (USA)
Gothenburg 1995 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Olga Shishigina (KAZ) Flag of Russia.svg Yuliya Graudyn (RUS)
Athens 1997 Flag of Sweden.svg Ludmila Engquist (SWE) Flag of Bulgaria.svg Svetla Dimitrova (BUL) Flag of Jamaica.svg Michelle Freeman (JAM)
Seville 1999 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Flag of Nigeria.svg Glory Alozie (NGR) Flag of Sweden.svg Ludmila Engquist (SWE)
Edmonton 2001 Flag of the United States.svg Anjanette Kirkland (USA) Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Olga Shishigina (KAZ)
Paris 2003 Flag of Canada.svg Perdita Felicien (CAN) Flag of Jamaica.svg Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM) Flag of the United States.svg Miesha McKelvy (USA)
Helsinki 2005 Flag of the United States.svg Michelle Perry (USA) Flag of Jamaica.svg Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM) Flag of Jamaica.svg Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)
Osaka 2007 Flag of the United States.svg Michelle Perry (USA) Flag of Canada.svg Perdita Felicien (CAN) Flag of Jamaica.svg Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)
Berlin 2009 Flag of Jamaica.svg Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM) Flag of Canada.svg Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN) Flag of Jamaica.svg Delloreen Ennis-London (JAM)
Daegu 2011 Flag of Australia.svg Sally Pearson (AUS) Flag of the United States.svg Danielle Carruthers (USA) Flag of the United States.svg Dawn Harper (USA)
Moscow 2013 Flag of the United States.svg Brianna Rollins (USA) Flag of Australia.svg Sally Pearson (AUS) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tiffany Porter (GBR)
Beijing 2015 Flag of Jamaica.svg Danielle Williams (JAM) Flag of Germany.svg Cindy Roleder (GER) Flag of Belarus.svg Alina Talay (BLR)

Season's bests

Year Time Athlete Place
1970 12.93 Flag of the Republic of China.svg Chi Cheng (ROC) Munich
1971 12.60 22x20px Karin Balzer (GDR) East Berlin
1972 12.59 22x20px Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Munich
1973 12.68 22x20px Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Dresden
1974 12.66 22x20px Anneliese Ehrhardt (GDR) Rome
1975 12.91 Flag of Poland.svg Bożena Świerczyńska (POL)
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Zielona Góra
1976 12.69 Flag of Poland.svg Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)
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Bydgoszcz
1977 12.87 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Lyubov Kononova (URS) Düsseldorf
1978 12.48 Flag of Poland.svg Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)
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Fürth
1979 12.48 Flag of Poland.svg Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)
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Warsaw
1980 12.36 Flag of Poland.svg Grazyna Rabsztyn (POL)
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Warsaw
1981 12.68 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Tatyana Anisimova (URS) Tbilisi
1982 12.44 22x20px Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Sofia
1983 12.42 22x20px Bettine Jahn (GDR) Berlin
1984 12.43 Flag of Poland.svg Lucyna Kalek (POL)
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Hannover
1985 12.42 22x20px Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL) Sofia
1986 12.26 22x20px Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Ljubljana
1987 12.25 22x20px Ginka Zagorcheva (BUL) Dráma
1988 12.21 22x20px Yordanka Donkova (BUL) Stara Zagora
1989 12.60 22x20px Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR) Barcelona
1990 12.53 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nataliya Grygoryeva (URS) Kiev
1991 12.28 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Ludmila Narozhilenko (URS) Kiev
1992 12.26 Flag of Russia.svg Ludmila Narozhilenko (RUS) Seville
1993 12.46 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Stuttgart
1994 12.53 Flag of Russia.svg Tatyana Reshetnykova (RUS)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Svetla Dimitrova (BUL)
Linz
Stara Zagora
1995 12.44 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Olga Shishigina (KAZ) Lucerne
1996 12.47 Flag of Sweden.svg Ludmila Engquist (SWE) Atlanta
1997 12.50 Flag of Sweden.svg Ludmila Engquist (SWE) Athens
1998 12.44 Flag of Nigeria.svg Glory Alozie (NGR) Monaco
1999 12.37 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Seville
2000 12.33 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Sacramento
2001 12.42 Flag of the United States.svg Anjanette Kirkland (USA) Edmonton
2002 12.40 Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA) Lausanne
2003 12.45 Flag of Jamaica.svg Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM)
Flag of the United States.svg Gail Devers (USA)
Eugene
Monaco
2004 12.37 Flag of the United States.svg Joanna Hayes (USA) Athens
2005 12.43 Flag of the United States.svg Michelle Perry (USA) Carson
2006 12.43 Flag of the United States.svg Michelle Perry (USA) Lausanne
2007 12.44 Flag of the United States.svg Michelle Perry (USA) Rome
2008 12.43 Flag of the United States.svg Lolo Jones (USA) Beijing
2009 12.46 Flag of Jamaica.svg Brigitte Foster-Hylton (JAM) Zürich
2010 12.52 Flag of Canada.svg Priscilla Lopes-Schliep (CAN) London
2011 12.28 Flag of Australia.svg Sally Pearson (AUS) Daegu
2012 12.35 Flag of Australia.svg Sally Pearson (AUS) London
2013 12.26 Flag of the United States.svg Brianna Rollins (USA) Des Moines
2014 12.44 Flag of the United States.svg Dawn Harper-Nelson (USA) Paris
2015 12.34 Flag of the United States.svg Sharika Nelvis (USA) Eugene
2016 12.20 Flag of the United States.svg Kendra Harrison (USA) London

See also

External links

Notes et references

  1. Hurdles 101.
  2. http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/files/laws_rules/Appendix-A-K.pdf
  3. Rio Olympics 2016: US women sweep medals in 100m hurdles - BBC News. Bbc.com (2016). Retrieved on 19 August 2016.
  4. 100m Hurdles Results. sportresult.com (22 July 2016). Retrieved on 22 July 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kirby Lee (23 June 2013). "National records for Rollins, Carter and Bingson at US Championships". IAAF. http://www.iaaf.org/news/report/national-records-for-rollins-carter-and-bings. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  6. 100 Metres Hurdles Results. IAAF (3 September 2011). Retrieved on 3 September 2011.
  7. 100m Hurdles Heat 3 Results (26 June 2015). Retrieved on 27 June 2015.
  8. 100m Hurdles Results. IAAF (15 May 2015). Retrieved on 31 August 2015.
  • Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent German-language Wikipedia article (retrieved February 13, 2006).
  • All-Time List
  • Year Lists

Template:Athletics events


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