FANDOM


The 10-second barrier is a term used in track and field athletics, which refers to the physical and psychological barrier of completing the men's 100 metres sprint in under ten seconds. The achievement was traditionally regarded as the hallmark of a world-class sprinter. Its significance has become less important since the late 1990s, as an increasing number of runners have surpassed the ten seconds mark.[1]

History

For sprints, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) rules for world records and other recognised performances require: a wind assistance of not more than two metres per second (7.2 kilometres per hour (4.5 mph)) in the direction of travel; fully automatic timing (FAT) to one hundredth of a second; and no use of performance-enhancing substances.[5] Wind gauge malfunctions or infractions may invalidate a sprinter's time.[6]

Hand timing

Prior to 1977, FAT was not required for IAAF official timings.[2] These were recorded manually to one tenth of a second; three official timers with stopwatches noted when the starting gun flashed and when the runner crossed the finish line, and their median recorded time was the official mark. Some races also had an unofficial FAT, or semi-automatic time, often in conjunction with photo finish equipment. The first person timed at under ten seconds was Bob Hayes, who ran 9.9 s in April 1963 at the Mt. SAC Relays with an illegal following wind of 11 mph (4.9 m/s).[3][4] Hayes clocked another illegal 9.9 s (wind 5.3 m/s (12 mph)) in the semi-final of the 1964 Olympic 100 m, with the first sub-10 FAT of 9.91 s.[5] In the final, Hayes' official tenths time of 10.0 s was calculated by rounding down the FAT of 10.06 s; the backup hand-timers recorded 9.8, 9.9, and 9.9, which would have given 9.9 s as the official time if the FAT had malfunctioned.[2]

At the 1968 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Sacramento, three men ran legal hand-timed 9.9 seconds: Jim Hines first and Ronnie Ray Smith second in the first semi-final, and Charlie Greene first in the second semi-final.[2][6] This was dubbed the "Night of Speed", and all three were recognised as world records by the IAAF.[2] The IAAF lists their FATs as: Hines 10.03, Smith 10.14 and Greene 10.10;[2] although Time magazine reported at the time that "an automatic Bulova Accutron Phototimer confirmed that all three had indeed broken [10.0s]".[7] Hines also had a wind-assisted 9.8 s in the heats.[7] Hines went on to win the 1968 Olympic 100m in 9.9 s, rounded down from his FAT of 9.95, making it the first non-wind-assisted electronic sub-10-second performance.[2] By 1976, six other men had equalled the 9.9 s hand-timed record, though none of their performances had an FAT mark.[2]

Automatic timing

File:CarlLewis.jpg

After the 1977 rule change, Jim Hines' nine-year-old 9.95 was the only recognised sub-10-second race.[2] That year the barrier was broken again, when Silvio Leonard ran 9.98 seconds on 11 August 1977. Both of these marks were recorded at a high altitude, which aids performance due to lower air resistance. Carl Lewis was the first sprinter to break ten seconds at low altitude under electronic timing, with 9.97 seconds on 14 May 1983 at the Modesto Relays.

Calvin Smith recorded a world record 9.93 seconds on 3 July 1983, again at altitude in Colorado Springs, Colorado and became the first sprinter to run under ten seconds twice in August that year.

Six sprinters legally broke the barrier during the 1980s. Another, Ben Johnson, had eclipsed both the 9.90 mark and 9.80 mark in 1987 and 1988, however both of these records were disqualified after he tested positive for, and later admitted to using steroids.

The 100 m final at the 1991 World Championships represented a new zenith in the event: six athletes ran under ten seconds in the same race, and winner Carl Lewis lowered the world record to 9.86 seconds.[8] In second place was Leroy Burrell who also broke the former world record, which had been his at 9.90 seconds. In fourth place, breaking his own European record of 9.97 seconds, was Linford Christie with a time of 9.92 seconds.

Maurice Greene was the first athlete to run under 9.80 seconds in 1999. Usain Bolt surpassed 9.70 seconds in 2008 and 9.60 in 2009. The 10-second barrier has been broken by athletes from five of the six continental athletic associations, the exception being of South America where Brazilian Robson da Silva holds the area record with ten seconds flat.[9]

The 2008 season saw a new high for sub-10 second performances: 14 runners achieved the feat a total of 53 times between them, the highest ever for either figure. Furthermore, ten men had achieved the result for the first time in that year – another record. The men's 100 metres final at the 2008 Summer Olympics saw a world record and six men clear ten seconds (equalling the number from the 1991 World Championships). Only two months into the start of the outdoor track season, 2011 became a record-breaking year as fifteen men ran under ten seconds between April and June.[10] As of 10 June 2013, 86 sprinters have broken the 10-second barrier with an official, legal time. The men's 100 metres final at the 2012 Summer Olympics saw a new Olympic record and seven men dip below ten seconds, with only one competitor failing to do so. However, one of the first seven, Tyson Gay, was later disqualified from this race. Prior to his disqualification, he had been in fourth place with a time of 9.80 seconds, the fastest fourth place in history.

On May 29, 2016, former World Champion Kim Collins improved his personal record by running 9.93 +1.9 in Bottrop as a 40 year old. He improved his own standing as the oldest man to break the 10-second barrier, the first over the age of 40. Omar McLeod, a sprint hurdles specialist, became the first hurdling athlete to break ten seconds in April 2016.[11]

No woman has recorded an official sub-10 second time. The female 100 metre world record is 10.49 seconds, set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article 10-second barrier, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Edokter Search for "10-second barrier" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "10-second barrier"
Wikipedia-logo-v2

Electronically timed marks

Sprinters who have broken the 10-second barrier
# Date Athlete Time
0(seconds)
Age Nationality Continent[1] Best (year)[2] Doping case Ref
1 14 October 1968 Hines, JimJim Hines 9.95 A[3] &1000000000000002200000022 years, &1000000000000003400000034 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (1968)
2 11 August 1977 Leonard, SilvioSilvio Leonard 9.98 A &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000325000000325 days Cuba Cuba North America 9.98 (1977)
3 14 May 1983 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000317000000317 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.86 (1991) Yes
4 3 July 1983 Smith, CalvinCalvin Smith 9.93 A &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000176000000176 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.93 (1983)
5 5 May 1984 Lattany, MelMel Lattany 9.96 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &10000000000000269000000269 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (1984)
6[5] 24 September 1988 Christie, LinfordLinford Christie 9.97 &1000000000000002800000028 years, &10000000000000175000000175 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.87 (1993) Yes
7 20 May 1989 Stewart, RaymondRaymond Stewart 9.97 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000006300000063 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.96 (1991)
8 16 June 1989 Burrell, LeroyLeroy Burrell 9.94 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000115000000115 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.85 (1994)
9 25 August 1991 Mitchell, DennisDennis Mitchell 9.99 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000186000000186 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.91 (1991) Yes
10 25 August 1991 Fredericks, FrankieFrankie Fredericks 9.95 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000327000000327 days Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia Africa 9.86 (1996)
11 11 September 1991 Cason, AndreAndre Cason 9.99 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000234000000234 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.92 (1993)
12 4 April 1992 Adeniken, OlapadeOlapade Adeniken 9.97 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000229000000229 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.95 (1994)
13 18 April 1992 Marsh, MichaelMichael Marsh 9.93 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &10000000000000258000000258 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.93 (1992)
14 18 April 1992 Ezinwa, DavidsonDavidson Ezinwa 9.96 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000148000000148 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.94 (1994) Yes
15 21 May 1993 Effiong, DanielDaniel Effiong 9.99 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000338000000338 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.98 (1993) Yes
16 22 July 1994 Drummond, JonJon Drummond 9.99 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000316000000316 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.92 (1997)
17 22 April 1995 Bailey, DonovanDonovan Bailey 9.99 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000127000000127 days Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America 9.84 (1996)
18 15 June 1995 Surin, BrunyBruny Surin 9.97 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000338000000338 days Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America 9.84 (1999)
19 21 April 1996 Boldon, AtoAto Boldon 9.93 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000113000000113 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.86 (1998)
20 12 June 1997 Greene, MauriceMaurice Greene 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000324000000324 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.79 (1999)
21 12 June 1997 Streete-Thompson, KareemKareem Streete-Thompson 9.96 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000007400000074 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (1997)
22 12 June 1997 Montgomery, TimTim Montgomery 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000138000000138 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.92 (1997) Yes
23 20 June 1997 Spencer, PercivalPercival Spencer 9.98 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000116000000116 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.98 (1997)
24 13 July 1997 Ogunkoya, SeunSeun Ogunkoya 9.97 &1000000000000001900000019 years, &10000000000000197000000197 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.92 (1998)
25 9 August 1998 Henderson, VincentVincent Henderson 9.95 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000293000000293 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (1998)
26 11 September 1998 Thompson, ObadeleObadele Thompson 9.87 A &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000165000000165 days 20px Barbados North America 9.87 (1998)
27 5 June 1999 Myles-Mills, LeonardLeonard Myles-Mills 9.98 &1000000000000002600000026 years, &1000000000000002700000027 days 20px Ghana Africa 9.98 (1999)
28 13 June 1999 Chambers, DwainDwain Chambers 9.99 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &1000000000000006900000069 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.97 (1999) Yes
29 2 July 1999 Gardener, JasonJason Gardener 9.98 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000287000000287 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.98 (1999)
30 5 July 1999 Harden, TimTim Harden 9.92 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000159000000159 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.92 (1999)
31 2 June 2000 Miller, CobyCoby Miller 9.98 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000227000000227 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.98 (2000)
32 2 June 2000 Williams, BernardBernard Williams 9.99 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000135000000135 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.94 (2001) Yes
33 21 June 2000 Obikwelu, FrancisFrancis Obikwelu 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000212000000212 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria/Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal[4] Africa 9.86 (2004)
34 12 April 2002 Crawford, ShawnShawn Crawford 9.99 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000008800000088 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.88 (2004) Yes
35 21 April 2002 Johnson, Joshua J.Joshua J. Johnson 9.95 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000346000000346 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (2002)
36 4 May 2002 Lewis, BrianBrian Lewis 9.99 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000150000000150 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2002)
37 27 July 2002 Collins, KimKim Collins 9.98 &1000000000000002600000026 years, &10000000000000113000000113 days 20px Saint Kitts and Nevis North America 9.93 (2016)
38 5 May 2003 Johnson, PatrickPatrick Johnson 9.93 &1000000000000003000000030 years, &10000000000000221000000221 days Flag of Australia.svg Australia Oceania 9.93 (2003)
39 19 July 2003 Aliu, DejiDeji Aliu 9.98 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000239000000239 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.95 (2003)
40 15 August 2003 Capel, JohnJohn Capel 9.97 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &10000000000000261000000261 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (2004) Yes
41 15 August 2003 Gatlin, JustinJustin Gatlin 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000186000000186 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.74 (2015) Yes
42 15 August 2003 Grimes, MickeyMickey Grimes 9.99 &1000000000000002600000026 years, &10000000000000309000000309 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2003) Yes
43 12 October 2003 Emedolu, UchennaUchenna Emedolu 9.97 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &1000000000000002500000025 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.97 (2003)
44 12 June 2004 Powell, AsafaAsafa Powell 9.99 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000202000000202 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.72 (2010) Yes
45 14 June 2005 Zakari, AzizAziz Zakari 9.99 &1000000000000002800000028 years, &10000000000000285000000285 days 20px Ghana Africa 9.99 (2005) Yes
46 25 June 2005 Burns, MarcMarc Burns 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000169000000169 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.96 (2005)
47 25 June 2005 Brown, DarrelDarrel Brown 9.99 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000257000000257 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.99 (2005)
48 5 July 2005 Pognon, RonaldRonald Pognon 9.99 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000231000000231 days Flag of France.svg France Europe 9.99 (2005)
49 22 July 2005 Scott, LeonardLeonard Scott 9.94 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000184000000184 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.91 (2006)
50 25 May 2006 Fasuba, OlusojiOlusoji Fasuba 9.93 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000320000000320 days Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Africa 9.85 (2006)
51 21 July 2006 Gay, TysonTyson Gay 9.97 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000346000000346 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.69 (2009) Yes
52 18 August 2006 Brunson, MarcusMarcus Brunson 9.99 &1000000000000002800000028 years, &10000000000000116000000116 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2006)
53 24 April 2007 Atkins, DerrickDerrick Atkins 9.98 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000109000000109 days Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas North America 9.91 (2007)
54 8 June 2007 Dix, WalterWalter Dix 9.93 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000128000000128 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.88 (2010)
55 26 July 2007 Francis, SamuelSamuel Francis 9.99 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000121000000121 days Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar Asia 9.99 (2007)
56 28 September 2007 Spearmon, WallaceWallace Spearmon 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000278000000278 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (2007)
57 10 May 2008 Padgett, TravisTravis Padgett 9.96 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000149000000149 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.89 (2008)
58 17 May 2008 Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt 9.76 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000270000000270 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.58 (2009) World Record
59 18 May 2008 Thompson, RichardRichard Thompson 9.93 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000346000000346 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.82 (2014)
60 28 June 2008 Martin, RodneyRodney Martin 9.95 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000189000000189 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (2008) [12]
61 28 June 2008 Jelks, MarkMark Jelks 9.99 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000007900000079 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2008) Yes [12]
62 28 June 2008 Patton, DarvisDarvis Patton 9.89 &1000000000000003000000030 years, &10000000000000207000000207 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.89 (2008) [12]
63 28 June 2008 Williams, IvoryIvory Williams 9.94 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &1000000000000005700000057 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.94 (2008) Yes [12]
64 22 July 2008 Carter, NestaNesta Carter 9.98 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000285000000285 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.78 (2010) Yes
65 15 August 2008 Martina, ChurandyChurandy Martina 9.99 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000004300000043 days Template:AHO/Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands North America/Europe 9.91 (2012)
66 16 August 2008 Frater, MichaelMichael Frater 9.97 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000315000000315 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.88 (2011)
67 24 May 2009 Bailey, DanielDaniel Bailey 9.99 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000257000000257 days Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda North America 9.91 (2009) [13]
68 7 June 2009 Rodgers, MikeMike Rodgers 9.94 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000004400000044 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.85 (2011) Yes [14]
69 10 July 2009 Blake, YohanYohan Blake 9.96 &1000000000000001900000019 years, &10000000000000196000000196 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.69 (2012) Yes [15][16]
70 28 August 2009 Clarke, LeroneLerone Clarke 9.99 &1000000000000002800000028 years, &1000000000000005200000052 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.99 (2009)
71 9 July 2010 Lemaitre, ChristopheChristophe Lemaitre 9.98 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &1000000000000002800000028 days Flag of France.svg France Europe 9.92 (2011) [17]
72 19 August 2010 Kimmons, TrellTrell Kimmons 9.95 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &1000000000000003700000037 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (2010) [18]
73 29 August 2010 Bailey, RyanRyan Bailey 9.95 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000138000000138 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.88 (2010) [19]
74 29 August 2010 Forsythe, MarioMario Forsythe 9.99 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &10000000000000303000000303 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.95 (2010) [19]
75[7] 16 April 2011 Mullings, SteveSteve Mullings 9.90 &1000000000000002800000028 years, &10000000000000139000000139 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.80 (2011) Yes [20]
76 23 April 2011 Makusha, NgonidzasheNgonidzashe Makusha 9.97 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000004300000043 days Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Africa 9.89 (2011) [21]
77 4 June 2011 Ashmeade, NickelNickel Ashmeade 9.96 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &1000000000000005800000058 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.90 (2013) [22]
78 4 June 2011 Bledman, KestonKeston Bledman 9.93 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &1000000000000008800000088 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.86 (2012) [23]
79 10 June 2011 Salaam, MookieMookie Salaam 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &1000000000000006600000066 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.97 (2011) [10]
80 30 June 2011 Ndure, Jaysuma SaidyJaysuma Saidy Ndure 9.99 &1000000000000002600000026 years, &10000000000000364000000364 days Flag of Norway.svg Norway Europe 9.95 (2014) [24]
81 6 June 2012 Adams, HarryHarry Adams 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000192000000192 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (2012) [25]
82 7 July 2012 Hyman, KemarKemar Hyman 9.95 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000270000000270 days 20px Cayman Islands North America 9.95 (2012) [26]
83 7 September 2012 Bailey-Cole, KemarKemar Bailey-Cole 9.97 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000241000000241 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.92 (2015)
84 23 May 2013 Young, IsiahIsiah Young 9.99 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000138000000138 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2013)
85 5 June 2013 Locke, DentariusDentarius Locke 9.97 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000175000000175 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (2013) [27]
86 8 June 2013 Mvumvure, GabrielGabriel Mvumvure 9.98 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000105000000105 days Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Africa 9.98 (2013)
87 21 June 2013 Silmon, CharlesCharles Silmon 9.98 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000352000000352 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.98 (2013)
88 13 July 2013 Dasaolu, JamesJames Dasaolu 9.91 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000311000000311 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.91 (2013)
89 13 July 2013 Vicaut, JimmyJimmy Vicaut 9.95 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000136000000136 days Flag of France.svg France Europe 9.86 (2015)
90 12 April 2014 Magakwe, SimonSimon Magakwe 9.98 A &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000333000000333 days Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Africa 9.98 (2014) Yes [28]
91 17 May 2014 Brown, KemarleyKemarley Brown 9.93 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000301000000301 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.93 (2014) [29]
92 8 June 2014 Ujah, ChijinduChijindu Ujah 9.96 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &1000000000000009500000095 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.96 (2014) [30]
93[8] 13 June 2014 Bromell, TrayvonTrayvon Bromell 9.97 &1000000000000001800000018 years, &10000000000000338000000338 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.84 (2015) [31]
94 28 September 2014 Ogunode, FemiFemi Ogunode 9.93 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000136000000136 days Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar Asia 9.91 (2015) Yes [32]
95 10 May 2015 Vaughn, ClaytonClayton Vaughn 9.93 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000360000000360 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.93 (2015)
96[9] 17 May 2015 De Grasse, AndreAndre De Grasse 9.97 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &10000000000000188000000188 days Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America 9.91 (2016)
97 17 May 2015 Robinson, BryceBryce Robinson 9.99 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000185000000185 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2015)
98 20 May 2015 Bracy, MarvinMarvin Bracy 9.95 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000156000000156 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.93 (2015)
99 30 May 2015 Bingtian, SuSu Bingtian 9.99 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &10000000000000274000000274 days Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Asia 9.99 (2015)
100 7 June 2015 Gemili, AdamAdam Gemili 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000244000000244 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.97 (2015)
101 25 June 2015 Batson, DeondreDeondre Batson 9.94 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000347000000347 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.94 (2015) [33]
102 25 June 2015 Lee, BeejayBeejay Lee 9.99 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &1000000000000004800000048 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.99 (2015) [34]
103 25 June 2015 Butler, QuentinQuentin Butler 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000280000000280 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.96 (2015) [35]
104 1 July 2015 Simbine, AkaniAkani Simbine 9.99 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000283000000283 days Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Africa 9.89 (2016)
105 5 July 2015 Bruintjies, HenrichoHenricho Bruintjies 9.97 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000354000000354 days Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Africa 9.97 (2015)
106 11 July 2015 Fisher, AndrewAndrew Fisher 9.94 &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000208000000208 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.94 (2015)
107 12 March 2016 Van Niekerk, WaydeWayde Van Niekerk 9.98 A &1000000000000002300000023 years, &10000000000000241000000241 days Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Africa 9.98 (2016) [36]
108 23 April 2016 McLeod, OmarOmar McLeod 9.99 &1000000000000002100000021 years, &10000000000000364000000364 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.99 (2016) [37]
109 2 June 2016 Webb, AmeerAmeer Webb 9.94 &1000000000000002500000025 years, &1000000000000007500000075 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.94 (2016) [38]
110 6 June 2016 Meïté, Ben YoussefBen Youssef Meïté 9.99 &1000000000000002900000029 years, &10000000000000208000000208 days Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire Africa 9.96 (2016) [39]
111 8 June 2016 Senoj-Jay Givans 9.96 &1000000000000002200000022 years, &10000000000000161000000161 days Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica North America 9.96 (2016) [40]
112 11 June 2016 Aaron Brown 9.96 &1000000000000002400000024 years, &1000000000000001500000015 days Flag of Canada.svg Canada North America 9.96 (2016) [41]
113 12 June 2016 Jak Ali Harvey [10] 9.92 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &1000000000000003900000039 days Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Europe 9.92 (2016) [42]
114 24 June 2016 Rondel Sorrillo 9.99 &1000000000000003000000030 years, &10000000000000153000000153 days Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago North America 9.99 (2016) [43]
115 3 July 2016 Coleman, ChristianChristian Coleman 9.95 &1000000000000002000000020 years, &1000000000000003000000030 days Flag of the United States.svg United States North America 9.95 (2016) [44]
116 30 July 2016 Joel Fearon 9.96 &1000000000000002700000027 years, &10000000000000293000000293 days Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Europe 9.96 (2016) [45]

Notes

  • 1 The continental athletic association that governs the country that the athlete competes for internationally.
  • 2 The personal career best time achieved by the sprinter.
  • 3 Denotes a run achieved at a high altitude.
  • 4 Francis Obikwelu now competes for Portugal but he first broke the 10-second barrier while competing for Nigeria.
  • 5 Canadian Ben Johnson was the sixth runner to achieve the feat (having recorded multiple finishes under ten seconds), but these runs were rescinded after Johnson admitted to using steroids between 1981 and 1988.
  • 6 British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds during the 2001 World Championships quarter-finals on 4 August 2001 (aged &1000000000000001800000018 years, &10000000000000334000000334 days) but the wind gauge malfunctioned, invalidating the run.
  • 7 At the Jamaican national trials in June 2011, Steve Mullings had tested positive for the drug Furosemide, a masking agent. On 22 November the Jamaican Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel handed him a lifetime ban from athletics.
  • 8 Trayvon Bromell had broken the 10-second barrier a total of three times (9.99w, 9.77w, 9.92w) prior to recording 9.97, but all were wind-aided.
  • 9 Prior to recording his first legal sub-10 run, Andre De Grasse ran a wind-aided 9.87 on April 18th 2015.
  • 10 Jak Ali Harvey was born in Jamaica.

Totals

By year
Year No. of new athletes
1968 1
1977 1
1983 2
1984 1
1988 1
1989 2
1991 3
1992 3
1993 1
1994 1
1995 2
1996 1
1997 5
1998 2
1999 4
2000 3
2002 4
2003 6
2004 1
2005 5
2006 3
2007 4
2008 10
2009 4
2010 4
2011 6
2012 3
2013 6
2014 5
2015 12
2016 10

By country
Nation No. of athletes
Flag of the United States.svg United States 49
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica 16
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria 8
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 7
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 6
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 4
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 4
Flag of France.svg France 3
20px Ghana 2
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe 2
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar 2
Cuba Cuba 1
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia 1
20px Barbados 1
20px Saint Kitts and Nevis 1
Flag of Australia.svg Australia 1
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas 1
Template:AHO 1
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda 1
Flag of Norway.svg Norway 1
20px Cayman Islands 1
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1
20px Côte d'Ivoire 1
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 1

By continent
Continent No. of athletes
Africa 18
Asia 3
Europe 12
Oceania 1
North and Central America 82
South America 0

Hand timed marks

The following sprinters all received a hand-timed mark of 9.9 seconds. All the runners held the world record simultaneously. However, the timing may not have been precise.

Sprinters who have broken the 10-second barrier with manual timing
Date first broken Athlete Nationality No. of times broken
20 June 1968 Jim Hines[46] Flag of the United States.svg United States 2
20 June 1968 Smith, Ronnie RayRonnie Ray Smith Flag of the United States.svg United States 1
20 June 1968 Greene, CharlesCharles Greene Flag of the United States.svg United States 1
21 June 1972 Williams, SteveSteve Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States 4
1 July 1972 Hart, EddieEddie Hart Flag of the United States.svg United States 1
1 July 1972 Robinson, ReyRey Robinson Flag of the United States.svg United States 1
5 June 1975 Leonard, SilvioSilvio Leonard Cuba Cuba 1
3 April 1976 Glance, HarveyHarvey Glance Flag of the United States.svg United States 2
22 May 1976 Quarrie, DonDon Quarrie Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica 1

References

General
Specific
  1. Gardener, Jason. (2008-08-09). Jason Gardener: I'm backing Tyson Gay to win one of the greatest 100 metres finals. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 2009-06-03.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Hymans, Richard (2015). Progression of IAAF World Records 22–37. Retrieved on 17 May 2016.
  3. "Oerter sets world mark in discus". Lakeland Ledger (Lakeland, Florida: Associated Press): pp. 2–D. 28 April 1963. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=fNAvAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WvoDAAAAIBAJ&dq=hayes%209.9%20wind&pg=3929%2C3715463. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. Drake, Dick (May 1963). "ASU, Oerter Break Marks; Yang Scores Brilliant 9,121". Track & Field News. http://www.mtsacrelays.com/archives/TFN/1963.htm. "And then there was Bob Hayes who ran the 100 meters faster than any man under any conditions. But it took a 11 mph wind to enable him to run 9.9." 
  5. "Hayes still seriously ill". BBC Online. 16 December 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/other_sports/us_sport/1709340.stm. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. Underwood, John (1 July 1968). "Some Old Boys Make A Stand". Sports Illustrated. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1081333/index.htm. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Track & Field: Breaking the Dash Barrier". Time. 28 June 1968. Archived from the original on 5 November 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20101105230053/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,841353,00.html. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  8. World Championships: A History. Sporting Life. Retrieved on 2009-08-06. Archived 2009-08-10.
  9. 100 metres records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-06-18. Archived 2009-06-20.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Tchechankov, Ivan (2011-06-10). 2011 already a record-breaking year for the men’s 100 metres - Updated. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-06-11.
  11. Ramsak, Bob (2016-04-24). Hurdler McLeod makes history as a barrier breaker after 9.99 100m win. IAAF. Retrieved on 2016-04-24.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 US Olympic Trials Men 100 Meter Dash Quarter Finals. USATF (2008-06-28). Retrieved on 2009-06-03.
  13. [1]
  14. Lee, Kirby (2009-06-08). Phillips sails 8.74m in Eugene for best Long Jump in world since 1991 – IAAF World Athletics Tour. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-06-10.
  15. Ramsak, Bob (2009-07-10). Gay powers back with 9.77 in Rome – REPORT - ÅF Golden League. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-07-11. Archived 2009-07-20.
  16. Norlander, Matt. Fairly shocking: Bolt loses 100-meter race. CBSSports. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  17. Pierre Jean Vazel (2010-07-09). "Lemaitre - 9.98sec". IAAF. Archived from the original on 10 July 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100710225603/http://www.iaaf.org/news/kind=100/newsid=57332.html. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  18. 100 Metres 2nd Race Results. www.diamondleague-zurich.com (2010-08-19). Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved on 2010-08-19.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Results - 100m Men - Heat 2. www.rietimeeting.com (2010-08-29). Retrieved on 2010-08-30.
  20. 100 Metres Dash Results. www.directathletics.com (2011-04-16). Retrieved on 2011-04-18.
  21. 100 Metres Dash Results. www.flashresults.com (2011-04-23). Retrieved on 2011-04-24.
  22. Tyson Gay runs world's fastest 100 this year in Central Florida meet. www.southflorida.sun-sentinel.com (2011-06-04). Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved on 2011-06-07.
  23. Keston Bledman blazes to 9.93. www.trackalerts.com (2011-06-04). Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved on 2011-06-07.
  24. 100m Men: Results (PDF). Samsung Diamond League. Omega Timing (30 June 2011). Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved on 30 June 2011.
  25. 100m Dash Results. www.flashresults.com (6 June 2012). Retrieved on 7 June 2012.
  26. Emeterio Valiente (8 July 2012). "Hyman joins sub-10 club in Madrid - IAAF World Challenge". IAAF. http://www.iaaf.org/Mini/IWC12/News/NewsDetail.aspx?id=65616. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  27. Katherine Smith (5 June 2013). "Former Chamberlain athlete Dentarius Locke shows off blazing speed at NCAA meet". Bright House Sports Network. http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/sports/article.html/content/news/articles/bhsn/2013/6/6/former_chamberlain_a.html. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  28. "Magakwe breaks SA record". www.sport24.co.za. 12 April 2014. http://www.sport24.co.za/OtherSport/Athletics/South-Africa/Magakwe-breaks-SA-100m-record-20140412. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  29. http://jamaica-star.com/thestar/20140519/sports/sports2.html
  30. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/athletics/27756892
  31. http://www.iaaf.org/news/report/trayvon-bromell-100m-world-junior-record
  32. http://www.iaaf.org/news/report/asian-games-day-2-report
  33. "100m Dash Heat 2 Results". flashresults.com. 25 June 2015. http://www.flashresults.com/2015_Meets/Outdoor/06-25_USATF/002-1-02.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  34. "100m Dash Heat 2 Results". flashresults.com. 25 June 2015. http://www.flashresults.com/2015_Meets/Outdoor/06-25_USATF/002-1-02.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  35. "100m Dash Heat 4 Results". flashresults.com. 25 June 2015. http://www.flashresults.com/2015_Meets/Outdoor/06-25_USATF/002-1-04.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2015. 
  36. http://www.sport24.co.za/OtherSport/Athletics/International/sas-van-niekerk-makes-sprint-history-20160312
  37. Phil Minshull (24 April 2016). "Hurdler McLeod makes history as a barrier breaker after 9.99 100m win". IAAF. http://www.iaaf.org/news/report/omar-mcleod-100m-110m-hurdles. Retrieved 24 April 2016. 
  38. 100m Results (PDF). sportresult.com (2 June 2016). Retrieved on 3 June 2016.
  39. Réunion de Prague: 999 sur 100 m pour Ben Youssef Meité (6 June 2016). Retrieved on 6 June 2016.
  40. Another Jamaican Senoj-Jay Givans runs sub-10 seconds - Latest News.
  41. Aaron Brown, Canadian sprinter, runs sub-10 in 100m in Florida.
  42. 2nd International Sprint And Relay Challenge 2016 Results. tilastopaja.org (12 June 2016). Retrieved on 13 June 2016.
  43. Jake Most (26 June 2016). "UKTF Alum Rondel Sorrillo Runs 9.99 in T&T 100m Final to Earn Olympic Place". ukathletics.com. http://www.ukathletics.com/news/uktf-alum-rondel-sorrillo-runs-9-99-in-t-t-100m-final-to-earn-olympic-place-06-25-2016?utm_source=uknow. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  44. GATLIN, BARTOLETTA, COLEMAN FLY ON DAY 3 OF U.S. TRIALS. Tennessee Vols Athletics. Retrieved on 4 July 2016.
  45. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/athletics/36933897
  46. "A History of World Records - Interactive Graphic". NYTimes.com. 16 August 2008. Archived from the original on 2 September 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080902223034/http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/08/16/sports/olympics/20080816_world_records.html. Retrieved 2008-09-03. 

External links


Records in athletics
Area records
Senior
Under-23
Junior
Youth
Others
World events
Africa
Asia
Europe
Americas


North, Central America
and Caribbean
Central America
and Caribbean
Central America
South America
Oceania
Community
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article 10-second barrier, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): Ianblair23 Search for "10-second barrier" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "10-second barrier"
Wikipedia-logo-v2


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article wikipedia:en:10-second barrier, that was deleted or is being discussed for deletion, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Author(s): 10-second barrier/edithistory Search for "10-second barrier" on Google
View Wikipedia's deletion log of "10-second barrier"
Wikipedia-logo-v2

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.